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Title: Injector nozzle for molten salt destruction of energetic waste materials

Abstract

An injector nozzle has been designed for safely injecting energetic waste materials, such as high explosives, propellants, and rocket fuels, into a molten salt reactor in a molten salt destruction process without premature detonation or back burn in the injection system. The energetic waste material is typically diluted to form a fluid fuel mixture that is injected rapidly into the reactor. A carrier gas used in the nozzle serves as a carrier for the fuel mixture, and further dilutes the energetic material and increases its injection velocity into the reactor. The injector nozzle is cooled to keep the fuel mixture below the decomposition temperature to prevent spontaneous detonation of the explosive materials before contact with the high-temperature molten salt bath. 2 figs.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
University of California
OSTI Identifier:
201513
Patent Number(s):
5,491,280
Application Number:
PAN: 8-084,633
Assignee:
Univ. of California, Oakland, CA (United States)
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 13 Feb 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; INCINERATORS; FUEL FEEDING SYSTEMS; DESIGN; CHEMICAL EXPLOSIVES; WASTE PROCESSING; PROPELLANTS; FUELS; ROCKET ENGINES; PNEUMATIC TRANSPORT; NOZZLES; TEMPERATURE CONTROL; SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION; MITIGATION; MOLTEN SALTS; INDUSTRIAL WASTES

Citation Formats

Brummond, W A, and Upadhye, R S. Injector nozzle for molten salt destruction of energetic waste materials. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Brummond, W A, & Upadhye, R S. Injector nozzle for molten salt destruction of energetic waste materials. United States.
Brummond, W A, and Upadhye, R S. Tue . "Injector nozzle for molten salt destruction of energetic waste materials". United States.
@article{osti_201513,
title = {Injector nozzle for molten salt destruction of energetic waste materials},
author = {Brummond, W A and Upadhye, R S},
abstractNote = {An injector nozzle has been designed for safely injecting energetic waste materials, such as high explosives, propellants, and rocket fuels, into a molten salt reactor in a molten salt destruction process without premature detonation or back burn in the injection system. The energetic waste material is typically diluted to form a fluid fuel mixture that is injected rapidly into the reactor. A carrier gas used in the nozzle serves as a carrier for the fuel mixture, and further dilutes the energetic material and increases its injection velocity into the reactor. The injector nozzle is cooled to keep the fuel mixture below the decomposition temperature to prevent spontaneous detonation of the explosive materials before contact with the high-temperature molten salt bath. 2 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {2}
}