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Title: Monolithic solid electrolyte oxygen pump

Abstract

A multi-layer oxygen pump having a one-piece, monolithic ceramic structure affords high oxygen production per unit weight and volume and is thus particularly adapted for use as a portable oxygen supply. The oxygen pump is comprised of a large number of small cells on the order of 1-2 millimeters in diameter which form the walls of the pump and which are comprised of thin, i.e., 25-50 micrometers, ceramic layers of cell components. The cell components include an air electrode, an oxygen electrode, an electrolyte and interconnection materials. The cell walls form the passages for input air and for exhausting the oxygen which is transferred from a relatively dilute gaseous mixture to a higher concentration by applying a DC voltage across the electrodes so as to ionize the oxygen at the air electrode, whereupon the ionized oxygen travels through the electrolyte and is converted to oxygen gas at the oxygen electrode.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. 2529 Lee St., Woodridge, IL 60517
  2. 67 Stephanie La., Glen Ellyn, IL 60137
  3. 564 N. Pinecrest, Bolingbrook, IL 60439
  4. 6224 Middaugh Ave., Downers Grove, IL 60517
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
867158
Patent Number(s):
4877506
Assignee:
Fee, Darrell C. (2529 Lee St., Woodridge, IL 60517);Poeppel, Roger B. (67 Stephanie La., Glen Ellyn, IL 60137);Easler, Timothy E. (564 N. Pinecrest, Bolingbrook, IL 60439);Dees, Dennis W. (6224 Middaugh Ave., Downers Grove, IL 60517)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01N - INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
monolithic; solid; electrolyte; oxygen; pump; multi-layer; one-piece; ceramic; structure; affords; production; unit; weight; volume; particularly; adapted; portable; supply; comprised; cells; 1-2; millimeters; diameter; form; walls; 25-50; micrometers; layers; cell; components; air; electrode; interconnection; materials; passages; input; exhausting; transferred; relatively; dilute; gaseous; mixture; concentration; applying; dc; voltage; electrodes; ionize; whereupon; ionized; travels; converted; gas; oxygen electrode; cell component; oxygen production; cell components; oxygen gas; particularly adapted; air electrode; gaseous mixture; solid electrolyte; dc voltage; interconnection material; ceramic layer; unit weight; oxygen pump; monolithic ceramic; monolithic solid; ceramic structure; relatively dilute; structure affords; oxygen supply; dilute gaseous; cell wall; oxygen product; interconnection materials; walls form; /204/429/

Citation Formats

Fee, Darrell C, Poeppel, Roger B, Easler, Timothy E, and Dees, Dennis W. Monolithic solid electrolyte oxygen pump. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Fee, Darrell C, Poeppel, Roger B, Easler, Timothy E, & Dees, Dennis W. Monolithic solid electrolyte oxygen pump. United States.
Fee, Darrell C, Poeppel, Roger B, Easler, Timothy E, and Dees, Dennis W. Sun . "Monolithic solid electrolyte oxygen pump". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/867158.
@article{osti_867158,
title = {Monolithic solid electrolyte oxygen pump},
author = {Fee, Darrell C and Poeppel, Roger B and Easler, Timothy E and Dees, Dennis W},
abstractNote = {A multi-layer oxygen pump having a one-piece, monolithic ceramic structure affords high oxygen production per unit weight and volume and is thus particularly adapted for use as a portable oxygen supply. The oxygen pump is comprised of a large number of small cells on the order of 1-2 millimeters in diameter which form the walls of the pump and which are comprised of thin, i.e., 25-50 micrometers, ceramic layers of cell components. The cell components include an air electrode, an oxygen electrode, an electrolyte and interconnection materials. The cell walls form the passages for input air and for exhausting the oxygen which is transferred from a relatively dilute gaseous mixture to a higher concentration by applying a DC voltage across the electrodes so as to ionize the oxygen at the air electrode, whereupon the ionized oxygen travels through the electrolyte and is converted to oxygen gas at the oxygen electrode.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {1}
}