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Title: Unique battery with a multi-functional, physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode monolith and a method making the same

Abstract

The invention relates to a unique battery having a physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode monolith and method of making the same. The Applicant's invented battery employs a physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode that acts as a separator, electrolyte, and electrode, within the same monolithic structure. The chemical composition, physical arrangement of molecules, and physical geometry of the pores play a role in the sequestration and conduction of ions. In one preferred embodiment, ions are transported via the ion-hoping mechanism where the oxygens of the Al.sub.2O.sub.3 wall are available for positive ion coordination (i.e. Li.sup.+). This active membrane-electrode composite can be adjusted to a desired level of ion conductivity by manipulating the chemical composition and structure of the pore wall to either increase or decrease ion conduction.

Inventors:
; ; ; ; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
ANL (Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States))
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1109101
Patent Number(s):
8,592,075
Application Number:
13/556,288
Assignee:
U.S. Department of Energy (Washington, DC)
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Gerald, II, Rex E, Ruscic, Katarina J, Sears, Devin N, Smith, Luis J, Klinger, Robert J, and Rathke, Jerome W. Unique battery with a multi-functional, physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode monolith and a method making the same. United States: N. p., 2013. Web.
Gerald, II, Rex E, Ruscic, Katarina J, Sears, Devin N, Smith, Luis J, Klinger, Robert J, & Rathke, Jerome W. Unique battery with a multi-functional, physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode monolith and a method making the same. United States.
Gerald, II, Rex E, Ruscic, Katarina J, Sears, Devin N, Smith, Luis J, Klinger, Robert J, and Rathke, Jerome W. Tue . "Unique battery with a multi-functional, physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode monolith and a method making the same". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1109101.
@article{osti_1109101,
title = {Unique battery with a multi-functional, physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode monolith and a method making the same},
author = {Gerald, II, Rex E and Ruscic, Katarina J and Sears, Devin N and Smith, Luis J and Klinger, Robert J and Rathke, Jerome W},
abstractNote = {The invention relates to a unique battery having a physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode monolith and method of making the same. The Applicant's invented battery employs a physicochemically active membrane separator/electrolyte-electrode that acts as a separator, electrolyte, and electrode, within the same monolithic structure. The chemical composition, physical arrangement of molecules, and physical geometry of the pores play a role in the sequestration and conduction of ions. In one preferred embodiment, ions are transported via the ion-hoping mechanism where the oxygens of the Al.sub.2O.sub.3 wall are available for positive ion coordination (i.e. Li.sup.+). This active membrane-electrode composite can be adjusted to a desired level of ion conductivity by manipulating the chemical composition and structure of the pore wall to either increase or decrease ion conduction.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {11}
}

Patent:

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