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Title: Method to convert biomass to 5-(hydroxymethyl)-furfural (HMF) and furfural using lactones, furans, and pyrans as solvents

Described is a process to produce hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) from biomass-derived sugars. The process includes the steps of reacting a C5 and/or C6 sugar-containing reactant derived from biomass in a monophasic or biphasic reaction solution comprising water and a co-solvent. The co-solvent can be beta-, gamma-, and/or delta-lactones derived from biomass, tetrahydrofuran (THF) derived from biomass, and/or methyltetrahydrofuran (MTHF) derived from biomass. The reaction takes place in the presence of an acid catalyst and a dehydration catalyst for a time and under conditions such that at least a portion of glucose or fructose present in the reactant is converted to HMF.
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Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (Madison, WI) CHO
Patent Number(s):
Application Number:
Contract Number:
Research Org:
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, Madison, WI (USA).
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States

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