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Title: Monthly Atmospheric CO2 Mixing Ratios from the NOAA CMDL Carbon Cycle Cooperative Global Air Sampling Network, 1968-2002

Abstract

Starting in 1968, air samples were collected in cylindrical glass flasks tapered at both ends to ground glass stopcocks lubricated with hydrocarbon grease. At several sites from 1980 to 1985 samples were also collected in spherical 5-L flasks equipped with a single ground glass stopcock. These flasks were filled by the evacuation method described below. In 1983, measurements of CH4 in the flask samples were begun. Experiments at this time revealed that CO mixing ratios increased with time in the greased flasks. In 1989, 0.5-L glass flasks equipped with glass piston Teflon O-ring stopcocks were introduced into the network so CO could be measured in addition to CO2 and CH4. In 1990, measurements of 13C/12C and 18O/16O of CO2 in the flask samples were begun. The precision of the isotopic measurements was better with larger volume flasks, so in 1991 2.5-L glass flasks with two Teflon O-ring stopcocks began to replace the 0.5-L flasks. In 1994, the conversion of the network to 2.5-L flasks was completed. Samples continue to be collected in 2.5-L flasks.

Authors:
;
  1. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory
Publication Date:
Other Number(s):
cdiac:NOAA/CMDL
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org.:
Environmental System Science Data Infrastructure for a Virtual Ecosystem (ESS-DIVE) (United States)
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
Keywords:
Atmospheric; CO2; Carbon; Carbon Dioxide; NOAA; CMDL; mixing ratio; Climate Monitoring; Year; January; February; March; April; May; June; July; August; September; October; November; December
OSTI Identifier:
1464220
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15485/1464220

Citation Formats

Tans, P. P., and Conway, T. J.. Monthly Atmospheric CO2 Mixing Ratios from the NOAA CMDL Carbon Cycle Cooperative Global Air Sampling Network, 1968-2002. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.15485/1464220.
Tans, P. P., & Conway, T. J.. Monthly Atmospheric CO2 Mixing Ratios from the NOAA CMDL Carbon Cycle Cooperative Global Air Sampling Network, 1968-2002. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.15485/1464220
Tans, P. P., and Conway, T. J.. 2005. "Monthly Atmospheric CO2 Mixing Ratios from the NOAA CMDL Carbon Cycle Cooperative Global Air Sampling Network, 1968-2002". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.15485/1464220. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1464220. Pub date:Fri Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 2005
@article{osti_1464220,
title = {Monthly Atmospheric CO2 Mixing Ratios from the NOAA CMDL Carbon Cycle Cooperative Global Air Sampling Network, 1968-2002},
author = {Tans, P. P. and Conway, T. J.},
abstractNote = {Starting in 1968, air samples were collected in cylindrical glass flasks tapered at both ends to ground glass stopcocks lubricated with hydrocarbon grease. At several sites from 1980 to 1985 samples were also collected in spherical 5-L flasks equipped with a single ground glass stopcock. These flasks were filled by the evacuation method described below. In 1983, measurements of CH4 in the flask samples were begun. Experiments at this time revealed that CO mixing ratios increased with time in the greased flasks. In 1989, 0.5-L glass flasks equipped with glass piston Teflon O-ring stopcocks were introduced into the network so CO could be measured in addition to CO2 and CH4. In 1990, measurements of 13C/12C and 18O/16O of CO2 in the flask samples were begun. The precision of the isotopic measurements was better with larger volume flasks, so in 1991 2.5-L glass flasks with two Teflon O-ring stopcocks began to replace the 0.5-L flasks. In 1994, the conversion of the network to 2.5-L flasks was completed. Samples continue to be collected in 2.5-L flasks.},
doi = {10.15485/1464220},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2005},
month = {4}
}