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Title: A Databank of Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Data (NDP-032)

Abstract

This database contains monthly mean surface temperature and mean sea level pressure data from twenty-nine meteorological stations within the Antarctic region. The first version of this database was compiled at the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom. The database extended through 1988 and was made available in 1989 by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) as a Numeric Data Package (NDP), NDP-032. This update of the database includes data through early 1999 for most stations (through 2000 for a few), and also includes all available mean monthly maximum and minimum temperature data. For many stations this means that over 40 years of data are now available, enough for many of the trends associated with recent warming to be more thoroughly examined. Much of the original version of this dataset was obtained from the World Weather Records (WWR) volumes (1951-1970), Monthly Climatic Data for the World (since 1961), and several other sources. Updating the station surface data involved requesting data from countries who have weather stations on Antarctica. Of particular importance within this study are the additional data obtained from Australia, Britain and New Zealand. Recording Antarctic station data is particularly prone to errors.more » This is mostly due to climatic extremes, the nature of Antarctic science, and the variability of meteorological staff at Antarctic stations (high turnover and sometimes untrained meteorological staff). For this compilation, as many sources as possible were contacted in order to obtain as close to official `source' data as possible. Some error checking has been undertaken and hopefully the final result is as close to a definitive database as possible. This NDP consists of this html documentation file, an ASCII text version of this file, six temperature files (three original CRU files for monthly maximum, monthly minimum, and monthly mean temperature and three equivalent files slightly reformatted at CDIAC), two monthly mean pressure data files (one original CRU file and one slightly reformatted CDIAC version of the file), four graphics files that describe the station network and the nature of temperature and pressure trends, a file summarizing annual and mean-monthly trends in surface temperatures over Antarctica, a file summarizing monthly Antarctic surface temperature anomalies with respect to the period 1961-90, a station inventory file, and 3 FORTRAN and 3 SAS routines for reading the data that may be incorporated into analysis programs that users may devise. These 23 files have a total size of approximately 2 megabytes and are available via the Internet through CDIAC's Web site or anonymous FTP (File Transfer Protocol) server, and, upon request, various magnetic media.« less

Authors:
; ;
  1. University of East Anglia
Contributors:
Editor:
Publication Date:
Other Number(s):
NDP-032; ORNL/CDIAC-27
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Research Org.:
Environmental System Science Data Infrastructure for a Virtual Ecosystem (ESS-DIVE) (United States); Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1394934
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp032

Citation Formats

Jones, P. D., Reid, P. A., and Kaiser, D. P. A Databank of Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Data (NDP-032). United States: N. p., 2001. Web. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp032.
Jones, P. D., Reid, P. A., & Kaiser, D. P. A Databank of Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Data (NDP-032). United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp032
Jones, P. D., Reid, P. A., and Kaiser, D. P. 2001. "A Databank of Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Data (NDP-032)". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp032. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1394934. Pub date:Mon Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001
@article{osti_1394934,
title = {A Databank of Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Data (NDP-032)},
author = {Jones, P. D. and Reid, P. A. and Kaiser, D. P.},
abstractNote = {This database contains monthly mean surface temperature and mean sea level pressure data from twenty-nine meteorological stations within the Antarctic region. The first version of this database was compiled at the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom. The database extended through 1988 and was made available in 1989 by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) as a Numeric Data Package (NDP), NDP-032. This update of the database includes data through early 1999 for most stations (through 2000 for a few), and also includes all available mean monthly maximum and minimum temperature data. For many stations this means that over 40 years of data are now available, enough for many of the trends associated with recent warming to be more thoroughly examined. Much of the original version of this dataset was obtained from the World Weather Records (WWR) volumes (1951-1970), Monthly Climatic Data for the World (since 1961), and several other sources. Updating the station surface data involved requesting data from countries who have weather stations on Antarctica. Of particular importance within this study are the additional data obtained from Australia, Britain and New Zealand. Recording Antarctic station data is particularly prone to errors. This is mostly due to climatic extremes, the nature of Antarctic science, and the variability of meteorological staff at Antarctic stations (high turnover and sometimes untrained meteorological staff). For this compilation, as many sources as possible were contacted in order to obtain as close to official `source' data as possible. Some error checking has been undertaken and hopefully the final result is as close to a definitive database as possible. This NDP consists of this html documentation file, an ASCII text version of this file, six temperature files (three original CRU files for monthly maximum, monthly minimum, and monthly mean temperature and three equivalent files slightly reformatted at CDIAC), two monthly mean pressure data files (one original CRU file and one slightly reformatted CDIAC version of the file), four graphics files that describe the station network and the nature of temperature and pressure trends, a file summarizing annual and mean-monthly trends in surface temperatures over Antarctica, a file summarizing monthly Antarctic surface temperature anomalies with respect to the period 1961-90, a station inventory file, and 3 FORTRAN and 3 SAS routines for reading the data that may be incorporated into analysis programs that users may devise. These 23 files have a total size of approximately 2 megabytes and are available via the Internet through CDIAC's Web site or anonymous FTP (File Transfer Protocol) server, and, upon request, various magnetic media.},
doi = {10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp032},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {10}
}

Works referencing / citing this record:

Erratum: Corrigendum: Central West Antarctica among the most rapidly warming regions on Earth
journal, December 2013


Recent variability and trends of Antarctic near-surface temperature
journal, January 2008


Recent variability and trends of Antarctic near-surface temperature
journal, January 2008