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Title: Global and Hemispheric Annual Temperature Variations Between 1854 and 1991 (revised 1994) (NDP-022)

Abstract

This data set contains estimates of global and hemispheric annual temperature variations, relative to a 1950 through 1979 reference period, for 1861 through 1991. The estimates are based on corrected land and ocean data. Land data were derived from meteorological data and fixed-position weather-ship data that were corrected for nonclimatic errors, such as station shifts and/or instrument changes. The marine data used were those in the Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) compilation, which with updates covers to 1986. Updates to 1991 were made with hemispheric sea-surface temperature estimates produced by the U.K. Meteorological Office. Each record includes year and six annual temperature variations: one estimate each for the globe, the Northern Hemisphere, and the Southern Hemisphere and another estimate each that reflects an adjustment to account for the influence of El Niño/Southern Oscillation events. The data are in one file of 13 kB.

Authors:
; ;
  1. University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
Publication Date:
Other Number(s):
NDP-022
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org.:
Environmental System Science Data Infrastructure for a Virtual Ecosystem (ESS-DIVE) (United States); Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1394923
DOI:
10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp022

Citation Formats

Jones, P. D., Wigley, T. M. L., and Wright, P. B. Global and Hemispheric Annual Temperature Variations Between 1854 and 1991 (revised 1994) (NDP-022). United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp022.
Jones, P. D., Wigley, T. M. L., & Wright, P. B. Global and Hemispheric Annual Temperature Variations Between 1854 and 1991 (revised 1994) (NDP-022). United States. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp022.
Jones, P. D., Wigley, T. M. L., and Wright, P. B. 1994. "Global and Hemispheric Annual Temperature Variations Between 1854 and 1991 (revised 1994) (NDP-022)". United States. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp022. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1394923. Pub date:Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1994
@article{osti_1394923,
title = {Global and Hemispheric Annual Temperature Variations Between 1854 and 1991 (revised 1994) (NDP-022)},
author = {Jones, P. D. and Wigley, T. M. L. and Wright, P. B.},
abstractNote = {This data set contains estimates of global and hemispheric annual temperature variations, relative to a 1950 through 1979 reference period, for 1861 through 1991. The estimates are based on corrected land and ocean data. Land data were derived from meteorological data and fixed-position weather-ship data that were corrected for nonclimatic errors, such as station shifts and/or instrument changes. The marine data used were those in the Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) compilation, which with updates covers to 1986. Updates to 1991 were made with hemispheric sea-surface temperature estimates produced by the U.K. Meteorological Office. Each record includes year and six annual temperature variations: one estimate each for the globe, the Northern Hemisphere, and the Southern Hemisphere and another estimate each that reflects an adjustment to account for the influence of El Niño/Southern Oscillation events. The data are in one file of 13 kB.},
doi = {10.3334/CDIAC/cli.ndp022},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {1}
}