skip to main content
DOE Data Explorer title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (1751 - 2009) (V. 2012)

Abstract

Publications containing historical energy statistics make it possible to estimate fossil fuel CO2 emissions back to 1751. Etemad et al. (1991) published a summary compilation that tabulates coal, brown coal, peat, and crude oil production by nation and year. Footnotes in the Etemad et al.(1991) publication extend the energy statistics time series back to 1751. Summary compilations of fossil fuel trade were published by Mitchell (1983, 1992, 1993, 1995). Mitchell's work tabulates solid and liquid fuel imports and exports by nation and year. These pre-1950 production and trade data were digitized and CO2 emission calculations were made following the procedures discussed in Marland and Rotty (1984) and Boden et al. (1995). Further details on the contents and processing of the historical energy statistics are provided in Andres et al. (1999). The 1950 to present CO2 emission estimates are derived primarily from energy statistics published by the United Nations (2012), using the methods of Marland and Rotty (1984). The energy statistics were compiled primarily from annual questionnaires distributed by the U.N. Statistical Office and supplemented by official national statistical publications. As stated in the introduction of the Statistical Yearbook, "in a few cases, official sources are supplemented by other sources andmore » estimates, where these have been subjected to professional scrutiny and debate and are consistent with other independent sources." Data from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey (USGS 2011) were used to estimate CO2 emitted during cement production. Values for emissions from gas flaring were derived primarily from U.N. data but were supplemented with data from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (1994), Rotty (1974), and data provided by G. Marland. Greater details about these methods are provided in Marland and Rotty (1984), Boden et al. (1995), and Andres et al. (1999).« less

Authors:
; ;
  1. CDIAC, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  3. Research Institute for Environment, Energy and Economics, Appalachian State University
Publication Date:
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org.:
Environmental System Science Data Infrastructure for a Virtual Ecosystem (ESS-DIVE) (United States); Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1389327
DOI:
10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2012

Citation Formats

Boden, Thomas A., Andres, Robert J., and Marland, G. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (1751 - 2009) (V. 2012). United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2012.
Boden, Thomas A., Andres, Robert J., & Marland, G. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (1751 - 2009) (V. 2012). United States. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2012.
Boden, Thomas A., Andres, Robert J., and Marland, G. 2012. "Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (1751 - 2009) (V. 2012)". United States. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2012. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1389327. Pub date:Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2012
@article{osti_1389327,
title = {Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (1751 - 2009) (V. 2012)},
author = {Boden, Thomas A. and Andres, Robert J. and Marland, G.},
abstractNote = {Publications containing historical energy statistics make it possible to estimate fossil fuel CO2 emissions back to 1751. Etemad et al. (1991) published a summary compilation that tabulates coal, brown coal, peat, and crude oil production by nation and year. Footnotes in the Etemad et al.(1991) publication extend the energy statistics time series back to 1751. Summary compilations of fossil fuel trade were published by Mitchell (1983, 1992, 1993, 1995). Mitchell's work tabulates solid and liquid fuel imports and exports by nation and year. These pre-1950 production and trade data were digitized and CO2 emission calculations were made following the procedures discussed in Marland and Rotty (1984) and Boden et al. (1995). Further details on the contents and processing of the historical energy statistics are provided in Andres et al. (1999). The 1950 to present CO2 emission estimates are derived primarily from energy statistics published by the United Nations (2012), using the methods of Marland and Rotty (1984). The energy statistics were compiled primarily from annual questionnaires distributed by the U.N. Statistical Office and supplemented by official national statistical publications. As stated in the introduction of the Statistical Yearbook, "in a few cases, official sources are supplemented by other sources and estimates, where these have been subjected to professional scrutiny and debate and are consistent with other independent sources." Data from the U.S. Department of Interior's Geological Survey (USGS 2011) were used to estimate CO2 emitted during cement production. Values for emissions from gas flaring were derived primarily from U.N. data but were supplemented with data from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (1994), Rotty (1974), and data provided by G. Marland. Greater details about these methods are provided in Marland and Rotty (1984), Boden et al. (1995), and Andres et al. (1999).},
doi = {10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2012},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {1}
}

Works referencing / citing this record:

Response to Comment on “Prevented Mortality and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Historical and Projected Nuclear Power”
journal, May 2013

  • Kharecha, Pushker A.; Hansen, James E.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 47, Issue 12, p. 6718-6719
  • DOI: 10.1021/es402211m

Atmospheric Fossil Fuel CO2 Traced by Δ 14C in Beijing and Xiamen, China: Temporal Variations, Inland/Coastal Differences and Influencing Factors
journal, May 2016

  • Niu, Zhenchuan; Zhou, Weijian; Wu, Shugang
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 50, Issue 11, p. 5474-5480
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b02591

Towards a global assessment of pyrogenic carbon from vegetation fires
journal, July 2015

  • Santín, Cristina; Doerr, Stefan H.; Kane, Evan S.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue 1, p. 76-91
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12985

Challenges in the Design and Operation of an Efficient Photobioreactor for Microalgae Cultivation and Hydrogen Production
book, August 2016

  • Sevda, Surajbhan; Bhattacharya, Sourish; Reesh, Ibrahim M. Abu
  • Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-3577-4_7

Prevented Mortality and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Historical and Projected Nuclear Power
journal, April 2013

  • Kharecha, Pushker A.; Hansen, James E.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 47, Issue 9, p. 4889-4895
  • DOI: 10.1021/es3051197

Climate Change as a Driving Force on Urban Energy Consumption Patterns
book, January 2018

  • Jafari, Mostafa; Smith, Pete; Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
  • Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition
  • DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch680

Assessing the implications of human land-use change for the transient climate response to cumulative carbon emissions
journal, February 2016


Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions
dataset, January 2009

  • Boden, Thomas; Marland, G.; Andres, Robert
  • Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), 27 files
  • DOI: 10.3334/cdiac/00001

Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (1751 - 2014)
dataset, January 2017

  • Boden, T.; Marland, G.; Andres, R. J.
  • Environmental System Science Data Infrastructure for a Virtual Ecosystem (ESS-DIVE), 27 files
  • DOI: 10.3334/cdiac/00001_v2016

Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions (1751 - 2014) (V. 2017)
dataset, January 2017


Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions
dataset, January 2015

  • Boden, T.; Andres, R.; Marland, G.
  • Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), 27 files
  • DOI: 10.3334/cdiac/00001_v2015

Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions, 1751 - 2008 (Version 2011)
dataset, January 1999


Reduced carbon uptake during the 2010 Northern Hemisphere summer from GOSAT: IAV IN XCO
journal, May 2013

  • Guerlet, S.; Basu, S.; Butz, A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 10, p. 2378-2383
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50402

Atmospheric Fossil Fuel CO2 Traced by Δ 14C in Beijing and Xiamen, China: Temporal Variations, Inland/Coastal Differences and Influencing Factors
journal, May 2016

  • Niu, Zhenchuan; Zhou, Weijian; Wu, Shugang
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 50, Issue 11, p. 5474-5480
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b02591

Prevented Mortality and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Historical and Projected Nuclear Power
journal, April 2013

  • Kharecha, Pushker A.; Hansen, James E.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 47, Issue 9, p. 4889-4895
  • DOI: 10.1021/es3051197

Challenges in the Design and Operation of an Efficient Photobioreactor for Microalgae Cultivation and Hydrogen Production
book, August 2016

  • Sevda, Surajbhan; Bhattacharya, Sourish; Reesh, Ibrahim M. Abu
  • Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-3577-4_7

Changes in peat chemistry associated with permafrost thaw increase greenhouse gas production
journal, April 2014

  • Hodgkins, S. B.; Tfaily, M. M.; McCalley, C. K.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1314641111

Understanding the human dimensions of a sustainable energy transition
journal, June 2015


Towards a global assessment of pyrogenic carbon from vegetation fires
journal, July 2015

  • Santín, Cristina; Doerr, Stefan H.; Kane, Evan S.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue 1, p. 76-91
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12985

Response to Comment on “Prevented Mortality and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Historical and Projected Nuclear Power”
journal, May 2013

  • Kharecha, Pushker A.; Hansen, James E.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 47, Issue 12, p. 6718-6719
  • DOI: 10.1021/es402211m

Assessing the implications of human land-use change for the transient climate response to cumulative carbon emissions
journal, February 2016


Climate Change as a Driving Force on Urban Energy Consumption Patterns
book, January 2018

  • Jafari, Mostafa; Smith, Pete; Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
  • Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition
  • DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch680

Solar Energy: A Common-Sense Vision
journal, January 2013


Reduced carbon uptake during the 2010 Northern Hemisphere summer from GOSAT: IAV IN XCO
journal, May 2013

  • Guerlet, S.; Basu, S.; Butz, A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 10, p. 2378-2383
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50402

Assessing “Dangerous Climate Change”: Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations and Nature
text, January 2013

  • Hansen, James E.; Kharecha, Pushker A.; Sato, Makiko H.
  • Columbia University
  • DOI: 10.7916/d80p0wz7