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Title: Monthly Surface Air Temperature Time Series Area-Averaged Over the 30-Degree Latitudinal Belts of the Globe

Abstract

The mean monthly and annual values of surface air temperature compiled by Lugina et al. have been taken mainly from the World Weather Records, Monthly Climatic Data for the World, and Meteorological Data for Individual Years over the Northern Hemisphere Excluding the USSR. These published records were supplemented with information from different national publications. In the original archive, after removal of station records believed to be nonhomogeneous or biased, 301 and 265 stations were used to determine the mean temperature for the Northern and Southern hemispheres, respectively. The new version of the station temperature archive (used for evaluation of the zonally-averaged temperatures) was created in 1995. The change to the archive was required because data from some stations became unavailable for analyses in the 1990s. During this process, special care was taken to secure homogeneity of zonally averaged time series. When a station (or a group of stations) stopped reporting, a "new" station (or group of stations) was selected in the same region, and its data for the past 50 years were collected and added to the archive. The processing (area-averaging) was organized in such a way that each time series from a new station spans the reference period (1951-1975)more » and the years thereafter. It was determined that the addition of the new stations had essentially no effect on the zonally-averaged values for the pre-1990 period.« less

Creator(s)/Author(s):
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org.:
Environmental System Science Data Infrastructure for a Virtual Ecosystem; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1389300
DOI:
10.3334/CDIAC/cli.003

Citation Formats

Lugina, K. M., Groisman, P. Ya., Vinnikov, K. Ya., Koknaeva, V. V., and Speranskaya, N. A. Monthly Surface Air Temperature Time Series Area-Averaged Over the 30-Degree Latitudinal Belts of the Globe. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/cli.003.
Lugina, K. M., Groisman, P. Ya., Vinnikov, K. Ya., Koknaeva, V. V., & Speranskaya, N. A. Monthly Surface Air Temperature Time Series Area-Averaged Over the 30-Degree Latitudinal Belts of the Globe. United States. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/cli.003.
Lugina, K. M., Groisman, P. Ya., Vinnikov, K. Ya., Koknaeva, V. V., and Speranskaya, N. A. 2006. "Monthly Surface Air Temperature Time Series Area-Averaged Over the 30-Degree Latitudinal Belts of the Globe". United States. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/cli.003. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1389300. Pub date:Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006
@article{osti_1389300,
title = {Monthly Surface Air Temperature Time Series Area-Averaged Over the 30-Degree Latitudinal Belts of the Globe},
author = {Lugina, K. M. and Groisman, P. Ya. and Vinnikov, K. Ya. and Koknaeva, V. V. and Speranskaya, N. A.},
abstractNote = {The mean monthly and annual values of surface air temperature compiled by Lugina et al. have been taken mainly from the World Weather Records, Monthly Climatic Data for the World, and Meteorological Data for Individual Years over the Northern Hemisphere Excluding the USSR. These published records were supplemented with information from different national publications. In the original archive, after removal of station records believed to be nonhomogeneous or biased, 301 and 265 stations were used to determine the mean temperature for the Northern and Southern hemispheres, respectively. The new version of the station temperature archive (used for evaluation of the zonally-averaged temperatures) was created in 1995. The change to the archive was required because data from some stations became unavailable for analyses in the 1990s. During this process, special care was taken to secure homogeneity of zonally averaged time series. When a station (or a group of stations) stopped reporting, a "new" station (or group of stations) was selected in the same region, and its data for the past 50 years were collected and added to the archive. The processing (area-averaging) was organized in such a way that each time series from a new station spans the reference period (1951-1975) and the years thereafter. It was determined that the addition of the new stations had essentially no effect on the zonally-averaged values for the pre-1990 period.},
doi = {10.3334/CDIAC/cli.003},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {1}
}

Works referencing / citing this record:

Statistical Analysis for Change Detection and Trend Assessment in Climatological Parameters
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Modelling the current and future distribution of Kigelia africana under climate change in Benin, West Africa
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Climate change and the northern Russian treeline zone
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  • MacDonald, G. M.; Kremenetski, K. V.; Beilman, D. W.
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  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2007.2200

Northern Eurasia Future Initiative (NEFI): facing the challenges and pathways of global change in the twenty-first century
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  • Groisman, Pavel; Shugart, Herman; Kicklighter, David
  • Progress in Earth and Planetary Science, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/s40645-017-0154-5

Modelling the current and future distribution of Kigelia africana under climate change in Benin, West Africa
journal, June 2018

  • Guidigan, Meminvegni Landry Gildas; Azihou, Fortuné; Idohou, Rodrigue
  • Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s40808-018-0491-4