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Title: Materials Data on MgAl2O4 by Materials Project

Abstract

MgAl2O4 is Spinel-like structured and crystallizes in the monoclinic C2/m space group. The structure is three-dimensional. there are seven inequivalent Mg2+ sites. In the first Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form MgO6 octahedra that share corners with two equivalent MgO4 tetrahedra, corners with four equivalent AlO4 tetrahedra, edges with two equivalent MgO6 octahedra, and edges with four AlO6 octahedra. There are a spread of Mg–O bond distances ranging from 1.97–2.12 Å. In the second Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with two equivalent MgO6 octahedra and corners with ten AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 55–63°. There are a spread of Mg–O bond distances ranging from 1.94–2.00 Å. In the third Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 58–60°. There is one shorter (1.95 Å) and three longer (1.96 Å) Mg–O bond length. In the fourth Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles rangemore » from 59–60°. All Mg–O bond lengths are 1.96 Å. In the fifth Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 59–61°. There is three shorter (1.97 Å) and one longer (1.98 Å) Mg–O bond length. In the sixth Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 59–60°. All Mg–O bond lengths are 1.96 Å. In the seventh Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 59–60°. All Mg–O bond lengths are 1.96 Å. There are twelve inequivalent Al3+ sites. In the first Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form AlO4 tetrahedra that share corners with four equivalent MgO6 octahedra and corners with eight AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 50–59°. There are a spread of Al–O bond distances ranging from 1.79–1.83 Å. In the second Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with three equivalent MgO4 tetrahedra, corners with three equivalent AlO4 tetrahedra, edges with two equivalent MgO6 octahedra, and edges with four AlO6 octahedra. There are a spread of Al–O bond distances ranging from 1.91–1.97 Å. In the third Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with two equivalent MgO4 tetrahedra, corners with four equivalent AlO4 tetrahedra, edges with two equivalent AlO6 octahedra, and edges with four equivalent MgO6 octahedra. There is two shorter (1.81 Å) and four longer (2.04 Å) Al–O bond length. In the fourth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share a cornercorner with one AlO4 tetrahedra, corners with five MgO4 tetrahedra, and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There are a spread of Al–O bond distances ranging from 1.91–2.00 Å. In the fifth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share a cornercorner with one AlO4 tetrahedra, corners with five MgO4 tetrahedra, and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There are a spread of Al–O bond distances ranging from 1.92–2.00 Å. In the sixth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There is one shorter (1.93 Å) and five longer (1.94 Å) Al–O bond length. In the seventh Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There is three shorter (1.93 Å) and three longer (1.94 Å) Al–O bond length. In the eighth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There is two shorter (1.93 Å) and four longer (1.94 Å) Al–O bond length. In the ninth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. All Al–O bond lengths are 1.94 Å. In the tenth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. All Al–O bond lengths are 1.94 Å. In the eleventh Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. All Al–O bond lengths are 1.94 Å. In the twelfth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six equivalent MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. All Al–O bond lengths are 1.94 Å. There are twenty inequivalent O2- sites. In the first O2- site, O2- is bonded in a rectangular see-saw-like geometry to two equivalent Mg2+ and two Al3+ atoms. In the second O2- site, O2- is bonded to three Mg2+ and one Al3+ atom to form distorted corner-sharing OMg3Al tetrahedra. In the third O2- site, O2- is bonded in a rectangular see-saw-like geometry to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms. In the fourth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a distorted rectangular see-saw-like geometry to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms. In the fifth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form distorted corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the sixth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a rectangular see-saw-like geometry to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms. In the seventh O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form distorted OMgAl3 tetrahedra that share corners with two OMgAl3 tetrahedra, corners with six OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids, edges with two OMgAl3 tetrahedra, and an edgeedge with one OAl4 trigonal pyramid. In the eighth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the ninth O2- site, O2- is bonded to four Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OAl4 trigonal pyramids. In the tenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the eleventh O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the twelfth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form distorted OMgAl3 tetrahedra that share corners with two equivalent OMgAl3 tetrahedra, corners with six OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids, edges with two equivalent OMgAl3 tetrahedra, and an edgeedge with one OAl4 trigonal pyramid. In the thirteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the fourteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the fifteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the sixteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the seventeenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the eighteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the nineteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the twentieth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids.« less

Publication Date:
Other Number(s):
mp-530722
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; EDCBEE
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). LBNL Materials Project
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
Keywords:
crystal structure; MgAl2O4; Al-Mg-O
OSTI Identifier:
1263257
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.17188/1263257

Citation Formats

The Materials Project. Materials Data on MgAl2O4 by Materials Project. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.17188/1263257.
The Materials Project. Materials Data on MgAl2O4 by Materials Project. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.17188/1263257
The Materials Project. 2020. "Materials Data on MgAl2O4 by Materials Project". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.17188/1263257. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1263257. Pub date:Fri May 29 00:00:00 EDT 2020
@article{osti_1263257,
title = {Materials Data on MgAl2O4 by Materials Project},
author = {The Materials Project},
abstractNote = {MgAl2O4 is Spinel-like structured and crystallizes in the monoclinic C2/m space group. The structure is three-dimensional. there are seven inequivalent Mg2+ sites. In the first Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form MgO6 octahedra that share corners with two equivalent MgO4 tetrahedra, corners with four equivalent AlO4 tetrahedra, edges with two equivalent MgO6 octahedra, and edges with four AlO6 octahedra. There are a spread of Mg–O bond distances ranging from 1.97–2.12 Å. In the second Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with two equivalent MgO6 octahedra and corners with ten AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 55–63°. There are a spread of Mg–O bond distances ranging from 1.94–2.00 Å. In the third Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 58–60°. There is one shorter (1.95 Å) and three longer (1.96 Å) Mg–O bond length. In the fourth Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 59–60°. All Mg–O bond lengths are 1.96 Å. In the fifth Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 59–61°. There is three shorter (1.97 Å) and one longer (1.98 Å) Mg–O bond length. In the sixth Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 59–60°. All Mg–O bond lengths are 1.96 Å. In the seventh Mg2+ site, Mg2+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form MgO4 tetrahedra that share corners with twelve AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 59–60°. All Mg–O bond lengths are 1.96 Å. There are twelve inequivalent Al3+ sites. In the first Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to four O2- atoms to form AlO4 tetrahedra that share corners with four equivalent MgO6 octahedra and corners with eight AlO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedra tilt angles range from 50–59°. There are a spread of Al–O bond distances ranging from 1.79–1.83 Å. In the second Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with three equivalent MgO4 tetrahedra, corners with three equivalent AlO4 tetrahedra, edges with two equivalent MgO6 octahedra, and edges with four AlO6 octahedra. There are a spread of Al–O bond distances ranging from 1.91–1.97 Å. In the third Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with two equivalent MgO4 tetrahedra, corners with four equivalent AlO4 tetrahedra, edges with two equivalent AlO6 octahedra, and edges with four equivalent MgO6 octahedra. There is two shorter (1.81 Å) and four longer (2.04 Å) Al–O bond length. In the fourth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share a cornercorner with one AlO4 tetrahedra, corners with five MgO4 tetrahedra, and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There are a spread of Al–O bond distances ranging from 1.91–2.00 Å. In the fifth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share a cornercorner with one AlO4 tetrahedra, corners with five MgO4 tetrahedra, and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There are a spread of Al–O bond distances ranging from 1.92–2.00 Å. In the sixth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There is one shorter (1.93 Å) and five longer (1.94 Å) Al–O bond length. In the seventh Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There is three shorter (1.93 Å) and three longer (1.94 Å) Al–O bond length. In the eighth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. There is two shorter (1.93 Å) and four longer (1.94 Å) Al–O bond length. In the ninth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. All Al–O bond lengths are 1.94 Å. In the tenth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. All Al–O bond lengths are 1.94 Å. In the eleventh Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. All Al–O bond lengths are 1.94 Å. In the twelfth Al3+ site, Al3+ is bonded to six O2- atoms to form AlO6 octahedra that share corners with six equivalent MgO4 tetrahedra and edges with six AlO6 octahedra. All Al–O bond lengths are 1.94 Å. There are twenty inequivalent O2- sites. In the first O2- site, O2- is bonded in a rectangular see-saw-like geometry to two equivalent Mg2+ and two Al3+ atoms. In the second O2- site, O2- is bonded to three Mg2+ and one Al3+ atom to form distorted corner-sharing OMg3Al tetrahedra. In the third O2- site, O2- is bonded in a rectangular see-saw-like geometry to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms. In the fourth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a distorted rectangular see-saw-like geometry to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms. In the fifth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form distorted corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the sixth O2- site, O2- is bonded in a rectangular see-saw-like geometry to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms. In the seventh O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form distorted OMgAl3 tetrahedra that share corners with two OMgAl3 tetrahedra, corners with six OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids, edges with two OMgAl3 tetrahedra, and an edgeedge with one OAl4 trigonal pyramid. In the eighth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the ninth O2- site, O2- is bonded to four Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OAl4 trigonal pyramids. In the tenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the eleventh O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the twelfth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form distorted OMgAl3 tetrahedra that share corners with two equivalent OMgAl3 tetrahedra, corners with six OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids, edges with two equivalent OMgAl3 tetrahedra, and an edgeedge with one OAl4 trigonal pyramid. In the thirteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the fourteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the fifteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the sixteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the seventeenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the eighteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the nineteenth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids. In the twentieth O2- site, O2- is bonded to one Mg2+ and three Al3+ atoms to form a mixture of distorted edge and corner-sharing OMgAl3 trigonal pyramids.},
doi = {10.17188/1263257},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}