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Title: A comparison of microseismicity induced by gel-proppant-and water-injected hydraulic fractures, Carthage Cotton Valley gas field, East Texas

Abstract

In May and July, 1997, a consortia of operators and service companies conducted a series of hydraulic fracture imaging tests in the Carthage Cotton Valley gas field of East Texas (Walker, 1997). Microseismic data were collected and processed for six hydraulic fracture treatments in two wells (3 completion intervals per well) (Mayerhofer et al., 2000). One well was completed with gel-proppant treatments in which a viscous crosslink gel was injected to entrain high concentrations of sand proppant into formation. The second well was completed using treated water and very low proppant concentrations (waterfracs). Waterfracs have been shown to be just as effective as the conventional gel-proppant treatments in Cotton Valley reservoirs, but at greatly reduced cost. Mayerhofer and Meehan (1998) suggest two possible reasons why waterfracs are successful: (1) Induced shear displacement along natural and hydraulic fractures results in self-propping (shear dilation enhanced by fracture branching, proppant and spalled rock fragments), and (2) Fracture extension and cleanup is easier to achieve with low-viscosity fluids. With improved source location precision and focal mechanism determination (fracture plane orientation and sense of slip), we have reexamined the Cotton Valley data, comparing the seismicity induced by water and gel-proppant treatments at common depth intervals.more » We have improved the location precision and computed focal mechanism of microearthquakes induced during a series of hydraulic fracture completions within the Cotton Valley formation of East Texas. Conventional gel-proppant treatments and treatments using treated water and very low proppant concentrations (waterfracs) were monitored. Waterfracs have been shown to be just as effective as the conventional gel-proppant treatments in Cotton Valley reservoirs, but at greatly reduced cost (Mayerhofer and Meehan, 1998). Comparison of the seismicity induced by the two treatment types show similar distributions of event locations and focal mechanisms for common depth intervals. We interpret the induced seismicity to be primarily controlled by the natural fracture geometry and independent of treatment design. By implication, we expect the effectiveness of shear-induced fracture propping to be independent of the treatment fluid in Cotton Valley reservoirs.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. James T.
  2. William Scott
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
976148
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-02-2033
TRN: US201009%%571
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: "To be presented at: Society of Exploration Geophysicist International Exposition and 72nd Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, October 6-11, 2002" --Report datasheet
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; ACCURACY; DESIGN; EXPLORATION; FRACTURES; GEOMETRY; HYDRAULIC FRACTURES; MICROEARTHQUAKES; NATURAL GAS FIELDS; ORIENTATION; SAND; SEISMICITY; SHEAR; SLIP; WATER

Citation Formats

Rutledge, J T, and Phillips, W S. A comparison of microseismicity induced by gel-proppant-and water-injected hydraulic fractures, Carthage Cotton Valley gas field, East Texas. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Rutledge, J T, & Phillips, W S. A comparison of microseismicity induced by gel-proppant-and water-injected hydraulic fractures, Carthage Cotton Valley gas field, East Texas. United States.
Rutledge, J T, and Phillips, W S. 2002. "A comparison of microseismicity induced by gel-proppant-and water-injected hydraulic fractures, Carthage Cotton Valley gas field, East Texas". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/976148.
@article{osti_976148,
title = {A comparison of microseismicity induced by gel-proppant-and water-injected hydraulic fractures, Carthage Cotton Valley gas field, East Texas},
author = {Rutledge, J T and Phillips, W S},
abstractNote = {In May and July, 1997, a consortia of operators and service companies conducted a series of hydraulic fracture imaging tests in the Carthage Cotton Valley gas field of East Texas (Walker, 1997). Microseismic data were collected and processed for six hydraulic fracture treatments in two wells (3 completion intervals per well) (Mayerhofer et al., 2000). One well was completed with gel-proppant treatments in which a viscous crosslink gel was injected to entrain high concentrations of sand proppant into formation. The second well was completed using treated water and very low proppant concentrations (waterfracs). Waterfracs have been shown to be just as effective as the conventional gel-proppant treatments in Cotton Valley reservoirs, but at greatly reduced cost. Mayerhofer and Meehan (1998) suggest two possible reasons why waterfracs are successful: (1) Induced shear displacement along natural and hydraulic fractures results in self-propping (shear dilation enhanced by fracture branching, proppant and spalled rock fragments), and (2) Fracture extension and cleanup is easier to achieve with low-viscosity fluids. With improved source location precision and focal mechanism determination (fracture plane orientation and sense of slip), we have reexamined the Cotton Valley data, comparing the seismicity induced by water and gel-proppant treatments at common depth intervals. We have improved the location precision and computed focal mechanism of microearthquakes induced during a series of hydraulic fracture completions within the Cotton Valley formation of East Texas. Conventional gel-proppant treatments and treatments using treated water and very low proppant concentrations (waterfracs) were monitored. Waterfracs have been shown to be just as effective as the conventional gel-proppant treatments in Cotton Valley reservoirs, but at greatly reduced cost (Mayerhofer and Meehan, 1998). Comparison of the seismicity induced by the two treatment types show similar distributions of event locations and focal mechanisms for common depth intervals. We interpret the induced seismicity to be primarily controlled by the natural fracture geometry and independent of treatment design. By implication, we expect the effectiveness of shear-induced fracture propping to be independent of the treatment fluid in Cotton Valley reservoirs.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/976148}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {1}
}

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