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Title: Interdiffusion in Diffusion Couples: U-Mo v. Al and Al-Si

Abstract

Interdiffusion and microstructural development in the U-Mo-Al system was examined using solid-tosolid diffusion couples consisting of U-7wt.%Mo, U-10wt.%Mo and U-12wt.%Mo vs. pure Al, annealed at 600°C for 24 hours. The influence of Si alloying addition (up to 5 wt.%) in Al on the interdiffusion microstructural development was also examined using solid-to-solid diffusion couples consisting of U-7wt.%Mo, U-10wt.%Mo and U-12wt.%Mo vs. pure Al, Al-2wt.%Si, and Al-5wt.%Si annealed at 550°C up to 20 hours. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) were employed to examine the development of a very fine multiphase intermetallic layer. In ternary U-Mo-Al diffusion couples annealed at 600°C for 24 hours, interdiffusion microstructure varied of finely dispersed UAl3, UAl4, U6Mo4Al43, and UMo2Al20 phases while the average composition throughout the interdiffusion zone remained constant at approximately 80 at.% Al. Interdiffusion microstructure observed by SEM/TEM analyses and diffusion paths drawn from concentration profiles determined by EPMA appear to deviate from the assumption of “local thermodynamic equilibrium,” and suggest that interdiffusion occurs via supersaturated UAl4 followed by equilibrium transformation into UAl3, U6Mo4Al43, UAl4 and UMo2Al20 phases. Similar observation was made for U-Mo vs. Al diffusion couples annealed at 550°C. The addition of Si (up tomore » 5 wt.%) in Al significantly reduced the thickness of the intermetallic layer by changing the constituent phases of the interdiffusion zone developed in U-Mo vs. Al-Si diffusion couples. Specifically, the formation of (U,Mo)(Al,Si)3 with relatively large solubility for Mo and Si, along with UMo2Al20 phases was observed along with disappearance of U6Mo4Al43 and UAl4 phases. Simplified understanding based on U-Al, U-Si, and Mo-Si binary phase diagrams is discussed in the light of the beneficial effect of Si alloying addition.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE - NE
OSTI Identifier:
971365
Report Number(s):
INL/CON-09-17105
TRN: US201004%%109
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: RERTR 2009,Beijing, China,11/01/2009,11/05/2009
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS; DIFFUSION; ELECTRON PROBES; MICROANALYSIS; MICROSTRUCTURE; PHASE DIAGRAMS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOLUBILITY; THERMODYNAMICS; THICKNESS; TRANSFORMATIONS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; diffusion couples; interdiffusion

Citation Formats

D. D. Keiser, Jr., E. Perez, B. Yao, and Y. H. Sohn. Interdiffusion in Diffusion Couples: U-Mo v. Al and Al-Si. United States: N. p., 2009. Web.
D. D. Keiser, Jr., E. Perez, B. Yao, & Y. H. Sohn. Interdiffusion in Diffusion Couples: U-Mo v. Al and Al-Si. United States.
D. D. Keiser, Jr., E. Perez, B. Yao, and Y. H. Sohn. Sun . "Interdiffusion in Diffusion Couples: U-Mo v. Al and Al-Si". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/971365.
@article{osti_971365,
title = {Interdiffusion in Diffusion Couples: U-Mo v. Al and Al-Si},
author = {D. D. Keiser, Jr. and E. Perez and B. Yao and Y. H. Sohn},
abstractNote = {Interdiffusion and microstructural development in the U-Mo-Al system was examined using solid-tosolid diffusion couples consisting of U-7wt.%Mo, U-10wt.%Mo and U-12wt.%Mo vs. pure Al, annealed at 600°C for 24 hours. The influence of Si alloying addition (up to 5 wt.%) in Al on the interdiffusion microstructural development was also examined using solid-to-solid diffusion couples consisting of U-7wt.%Mo, U-10wt.%Mo and U-12wt.%Mo vs. pure Al, Al-2wt.%Si, and Al-5wt.%Si annealed at 550°C up to 20 hours. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) were employed to examine the development of a very fine multiphase intermetallic layer. In ternary U-Mo-Al diffusion couples annealed at 600°C for 24 hours, interdiffusion microstructure varied of finely dispersed UAl3, UAl4, U6Mo4Al43, and UMo2Al20 phases while the average composition throughout the interdiffusion zone remained constant at approximately 80 at.% Al. Interdiffusion microstructure observed by SEM/TEM analyses and diffusion paths drawn from concentration profiles determined by EPMA appear to deviate from the assumption of “local thermodynamic equilibrium,” and suggest that interdiffusion occurs via supersaturated UAl4 followed by equilibrium transformation into UAl3, U6Mo4Al43, UAl4 and UMo2Al20 phases. Similar observation was made for U-Mo vs. Al diffusion couples annealed at 550°C. The addition of Si (up to 5 wt.%) in Al significantly reduced the thickness of the intermetallic layer by changing the constituent phases of the interdiffusion zone developed in U-Mo vs. Al-Si diffusion couples. Specifically, the formation of (U,Mo)(Al,Si)3 with relatively large solubility for Mo and Si, along with UMo2Al20 phases was observed along with disappearance of U6Mo4Al43 and UAl4 phases. Simplified understanding based on U-Al, U-Si, and Mo-Si binary phase diagrams is discussed in the light of the beneficial effect of Si alloying addition.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2009},
month = {Sun Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2009}
}

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  • As a remedy for reducing reaction between U-Mo and Al in U-Mo/Al dispersion fuel, adding an alloying element such as Zr and Ti in U-Mo has been proposed at ANL. Although ANL's work showed the potential effectiveness of these elements based on thermodynamic and metallurgical analyses, the effect of a Ti addition in U-Mo remains unproven. The out-of-pile tests of U-Mo-Ti alloys, which focused on phase stability and interdiffusion behavior against Al, are meaningful to predict their efficacy during an irradiation. At the 2006 RERTR conference, we presented our work on the interdiffusion behaviors of U-Mo-Zr/Al-Si. In this paper, wemore » will present the results for substituting U-Mo-Zr with U-Mo-Ti. Unlike U-Mo-Zr alloys, the gamma-heat-treated U-7Mo-xTi (x=1-3 wt%) exhibited a metastable ?-U phase, regardless of the Ti content. In these samples, however, a small amount of second-phase precipitates with a high Ti concentration was observed. The gamma phase stability of the U-Mo-Ti alloys at 500 C was similar to that of the U-Mo-Zr alloys. Interdiffusion test results between U-Mo-Ti alloys and Al-Si alloys will also be presented and a comparison with the previous results with U-Mo-Zr/Al-Si will also be included.« less
  • As a remedy for reducing reaction between U-Mo and Al in U-Mo/Al dispersion fuel, adding an alloying element such as Zr and Ti in U-Mo has been proposed at ANL. Although ANL's work showed the potential effectiveness of these elements based on thermodynamic and metallurgical analyses, the effect of a Ti addition in U-Mo remains unproven. The out-of-pile tests of U-Mo-Ti alloys, which focused on phase stability and interdiffusion behavior against Al, are meaningful to predict their efficacy during an irradiation. At the 2006 RERTR conference, we presented our work on the interdiffusion behaviors of U-Mo-Zr/Al-Si. In this paper, wemore » will present the results for substituting U-Mo-Zr with U-Mo-Ti. Unlike U-Mo-Zr alloys, the gamma-heat-treated U-7Mo-xTi (x=1{approx}3 wt%) exhibited a metastable {gamma}-U phase, regardless of the Ti content. In these samples, however, a small amount of second-phase precipitates with a high Ti concentration was observed. The gamma phase stability of the U-Mo-Ti alloys at 500 deg C was similar to that of the U-Mo-Zr alloys. Interdiffusion test results between U-Mo-Ti alloys and Al-Si alloys will also be presented and a comparison with the previous results with U- Mo-Zr/Al-Si will also be included. (author)« less
  • No abstract prepared.
  • To better understand interactions between fuel and cladding in research reactor fuels, diffusion couples between y-phase U-7 wt% Mo and U-10 wt% Mo alloy fuels and a Si-bearing, Al alloy were fabricated using a friction stir welding technique. The advantage of such a fabrication technique is that it can potentially reduce the amount of aluminum-oxide that might be present at the diffusion couple interface. The presence of oxides at the interface can affect the interdiffusion process. These couples were annealed and characterized using a scanning electron microscope equipped with energy-dispersive and wavelength-dispersive spectrometers. Images were taken of the developed diffusionmore » structures; x-ray maps were generated to identify partitioning behavior of the various components; and, point-to-point analysis was employed to generate composition profiles and to determine phase compositions. To try and determine how the presence of Si in an Al alloy affects the interdiffusion behavior of fuel and cladding components in research reactor nuclear fuels, the results from this study were compared to those from earlier diffusion studies using U-Mo alloys and Al. The formed diffusion zones in some samples annealed for 30 minutes are comprised of Si-rich aluminide phases that appear to be (U,Mo)0.9(Al,Si)4 and (U,Mo)(Si,Al)2, based on composition. The diffusion rates observed and the types of phases that form can be correlated to the stability of the y-U phase, which is a metastable phase. For a sample annealed for a much longer time, large diffusion structures formed and no Si-rich phases were observed.« less
  • U-Mo has thus far proven to be one of the most feasible metallic fuel alloys for use in research and test reactors due to its high density and stability during irradiation. However, an adverse diffusional interaction can occur between the fuel alloy and the Al based matrix. This forms an interaction layer (IL) that has undesirable thermal properties and irradiation behavior leading to accelerated swelling and reduced fuel efficiency. This study focused on the effects of ternary alloying additions on the formation of IL between U based alloys and Al. Diffusion couples of U-8Mo-3Nb, U-7Mo-6Zr, and U-10Nb-4Zr (wt.%) vs. puremore » Al were assembled and annealed at 600 Degrees C for 10 hours. Both thickness and phase constituent analyses were performed via electron microscopy. The major phase constituent of the IL was determined to be the UAl3 intermetallic compound. The Nb and Zr alloying additions did not reduce growth rate of IL (1.3-1.4 {mu}m/sec1/2) as compared to couples made between binary U-Mo and Al (0.9-1.8 {mu}m/sec1/2).« less