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Title: Photoluminescent Colloidal CdS Nanocrystals with High Quality via Noninjection One-Pot Synthesis in 1-Octadecene

Abstract

High-quality colloidal photoluminescent CdS quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized via a noninjection onepot approach in noncoordinating solvent 1-octadecene. This synthetic approach uses cadmium acetate dihydrate and elemental sulfur as Cd and S sources, respectively, together with one long-chain fatty acid (CH3-(CH2)n-COOH) as surface ligands and 2,2 -dithiobisbenzothiazole (MBTS) to increase sulfur activity. The CdS QDs were synthesized at elevated temperatures such as 240-300 C, and the kinetics of nucleation/ growth was monitored via the temporal evolution of the optical properties of the growing CdS QDs. Various synthetic parameters were investigated, such as the feed molar ratios of (0.5-8)Cd/1S and (2-64)S/1MBTS, reactant concentrations of 5-80 mmol/Kg, and growth temperature of 220-350 C. The feed molar ratios of (1-2)Cd/1S and (8-32)S/1MBTS are suggested to be the optimal synthetic window, together with the S feed concentration of 10-20 mmol/Kg and the growth temperature of 240-260 C. Moreover, ligand effects such as ligand length and concentration were thoroughly investigated. With an increase of the chain length of the fatty acid, the size of the resulting CdS QDs was systematically reduced. The acids of moderate carbonchain length (n ) 10-16) bestow CdS QDs in high quality regarding narrow size distribution ( 17-22 nm in fullmore » width at half-maximum), high nanocrystal yield, and high quantum yield (up to 30%). Meanwhile, the acids with longer carbon chain led to small-sized nanocrystals in low concentration, due to large steric hindrance retarding severely the nucleation and growth, as indicated by the late appearance of nanocrystal absorption and slow increase in size. The acids with shorter carbon chain resulted in large-sized nanocrystals in low concentration, due to small steric hindrance causing ready nucleation and growth, as indicated by the large and fast increase in size. Therefore, the steric hindrance of varied-length fatty acids affects the reactivity of Cd monomers with great impacts on the nanocrystal nucleation/growth and thus the nanocrystal size and surface passivation. Furthermore, with an increase in the acid concentration, the size and size distribution of the resulting CdS QDs increased, together with a decrease in nanocrystal yield, due to an enhanced solubility of the Cd monomer leading to decreased monomer reactivity and thus a hindered nucleation with a low nuclei concentration.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [1]
  1. SIMS, NRC of Canada
  2. ICPET, NRC Canada
  3. IMS, NRC of Canada
  4. ORNL
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
970472
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION; ACETATES; CADMIUM; CARBON; CARBOXYLIC ACIDS; CHAINS; DISTRIBUTION; KINETICS; MONOMERS; NUCLEATION; NUCLEI; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PASSIVATION; QUANTUM DOTS; SOLUBILITY; SOLVENTS; SULFUR; SYNTHESIS

Citation Formats

Ouyang, Jianying, Kuijper, Jasmijn, Brot, Simon, Kingston, David, Wu, Xiaohua, Leek, Donald M., Hu, Michael Z., and Yu, Kui. Photoluminescent Colloidal CdS Nanocrystals with High Quality via Noninjection One-Pot Synthesis in 1-Octadecene. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1021/jp900252e.
Ouyang, Jianying, Kuijper, Jasmijn, Brot, Simon, Kingston, David, Wu, Xiaohua, Leek, Donald M., Hu, Michael Z., & Yu, Kui. Photoluminescent Colloidal CdS Nanocrystals with High Quality via Noninjection One-Pot Synthesis in 1-Octadecene. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp900252e
Ouyang, Jianying, Kuijper, Jasmijn, Brot, Simon, Kingston, David, Wu, Xiaohua, Leek, Donald M., Hu, Michael Z., and Yu, Kui. 2009. "Photoluminescent Colloidal CdS Nanocrystals with High Quality via Noninjection One-Pot Synthesis in 1-Octadecene". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp900252e.
@article{osti_970472,
title = {Photoluminescent Colloidal CdS Nanocrystals with High Quality via Noninjection One-Pot Synthesis in 1-Octadecene},
author = {Ouyang, Jianying and Kuijper, Jasmijn and Brot, Simon and Kingston, David and Wu, Xiaohua and Leek, Donald M. and Hu, Michael Z. and Yu, Kui},
abstractNote = {High-quality colloidal photoluminescent CdS quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized via a noninjection onepot approach in noncoordinating solvent 1-octadecene. This synthetic approach uses cadmium acetate dihydrate and elemental sulfur as Cd and S sources, respectively, together with one long-chain fatty acid (CH3-(CH2)n-COOH) as surface ligands and 2,2 -dithiobisbenzothiazole (MBTS) to increase sulfur activity. The CdS QDs were synthesized at elevated temperatures such as 240-300 C, and the kinetics of nucleation/ growth was monitored via the temporal evolution of the optical properties of the growing CdS QDs. Various synthetic parameters were investigated, such as the feed molar ratios of (0.5-8)Cd/1S and (2-64)S/1MBTS, reactant concentrations of 5-80 mmol/Kg, and growth temperature of 220-350 C. The feed molar ratios of (1-2)Cd/1S and (8-32)S/1MBTS are suggested to be the optimal synthetic window, together with the S feed concentration of 10-20 mmol/Kg and the growth temperature of 240-260 C. Moreover, ligand effects such as ligand length and concentration were thoroughly investigated. With an increase of the chain length of the fatty acid, the size of the resulting CdS QDs was systematically reduced. The acids of moderate carbonchain length (n ) 10-16) bestow CdS QDs in high quality regarding narrow size distribution ( 17-22 nm in full width at half-maximum), high nanocrystal yield, and high quantum yield (up to 30%). Meanwhile, the acids with longer carbon chain led to small-sized nanocrystals in low concentration, due to large steric hindrance retarding severely the nucleation and growth, as indicated by the late appearance of nanocrystal absorption and slow increase in size. The acids with shorter carbon chain resulted in large-sized nanocrystals in low concentration, due to small steric hindrance causing ready nucleation and growth, as indicated by the large and fast increase in size. Therefore, the steric hindrance of varied-length fatty acids affects the reactivity of Cd monomers with great impacts on the nanocrystal nucleation/growth and thus the nanocrystal size and surface passivation. Furthermore, with an increase in the acid concentration, the size and size distribution of the resulting CdS QDs increased, together with a decrease in nanocrystal yield, due to an enhanced solubility of the Cd monomer leading to decreased monomer reactivity and thus a hindered nucleation with a low nuclei concentration.},
doi = {10.1021/jp900252e},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/970472}, journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry C},
issn = {1932-7447},
number = 18,
volume = 113,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {1}
}