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Title: PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF MECHANICAL DRAFT COOLING TOWER

Abstract

Industrial processes use mechanical draft cooling towers (MDCT's) to dissipate waste heat by transferring heat from water to air via evaporative cooling, which causes air humidification. The Savannah River Site (SRS) has cross-flow and counter-current MDCT's consisting of four independent compartments called cells. Each cell has its own fan to help maximize heat transfer between ambient air and circulated water. The primary objective of the work is to simulate the cooling tower performance for the counter-current cooling tower and to conduct a parametric study under different fan speeds and ambient air conditions. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) developed a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model and performed the benchmarking analysis against the integral measurement results to accomplish the objective. The model uses three-dimensional steady-state momentum, continuity equations, air-vapor species balance equation, and two-equation turbulence as the basic governing equations. It was assumed that vapor phase is always transported by the continuous air phase with no slip velocity. In this case, water droplet component was considered as discrete phase for the interfacial heat and mass transfer via Lagrangian approach. Thus, the air-vapor mixture model with discrete water droplet phase is used for the analysis. A series of parametric calculations was performedmore » to investigate the impact of wind speeds and ambient conditions on the thermal performance of the cooling tower when fans were operating and when they were turned off. The model was also benchmarked against the literature data and the SRS integral test results for key parameters such as air temperature and humidity at the tower exit and water temperature for given ambient conditions. Detailed results will be published here.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
949871
Report Number(s):
SRNL-STI-2009-00106
TRN: US200909%%458
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC09-08SR22470
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2009 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; COOLING TOWERS; FORCED CONVECTION; PERFORMANCE; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; COUNTERFLOW SYSTEMS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS; BLOWERS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS

Citation Formats

Lee, S, Alfred Garrett, A, James02 Bollinger, J, and Larry Koffman, L. PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF MECHANICAL DRAFT COOLING TOWER. United States: N. p., 2009. Web.
Lee, S, Alfred Garrett, A, James02 Bollinger, J, & Larry Koffman, L. PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF MECHANICAL DRAFT COOLING TOWER. United States.
Lee, S, Alfred Garrett, A, James02 Bollinger, J, and Larry Koffman, L. 2009. "PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF MECHANICAL DRAFT COOLING TOWER". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/949871.
@article{osti_949871,
title = {PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF MECHANICAL DRAFT COOLING TOWER},
author = {Lee, S and Alfred Garrett, A and James02 Bollinger, J and Larry Koffman, L},
abstractNote = {Industrial processes use mechanical draft cooling towers (MDCT's) to dissipate waste heat by transferring heat from water to air via evaporative cooling, which causes air humidification. The Savannah River Site (SRS) has cross-flow and counter-current MDCT's consisting of four independent compartments called cells. Each cell has its own fan to help maximize heat transfer between ambient air and circulated water. The primary objective of the work is to simulate the cooling tower performance for the counter-current cooling tower and to conduct a parametric study under different fan speeds and ambient air conditions. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) developed a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model and performed the benchmarking analysis against the integral measurement results to accomplish the objective. The model uses three-dimensional steady-state momentum, continuity equations, air-vapor species balance equation, and two-equation turbulence as the basic governing equations. It was assumed that vapor phase is always transported by the continuous air phase with no slip velocity. In this case, water droplet component was considered as discrete phase for the interfacial heat and mass transfer via Lagrangian approach. Thus, the air-vapor mixture model with discrete water droplet phase is used for the analysis. A series of parametric calculations was performed to investigate the impact of wind speeds and ambient conditions on the thermal performance of the cooling tower when fans were operating and when they were turned off. The model was also benchmarked against the literature data and the SRS integral test results for key parameters such as air temperature and humidity at the tower exit and water temperature for given ambient conditions. Detailed results will be published here.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/949871}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {2}
}

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