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Title: X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of the local atomic and electronic structure of iron incorporated into electrodeposited hydrous nickel oxide films.

Abstract

We have utilized X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy to investigate the local atomic and electronic structure of iron incorporated into electrodeposited nickel hydroxide films. We found that cathodic codeposition from a solution containing Fe(II) and Ni(II) ions results in iron occupying Ni lattice sites in {alpha}-Ni(OH){sub 2}. The X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) shows that Fe is present as Fe(III) ions in the cathodically codeposited film. Analysis of the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) shows that Fe is coordinated to oxygen at {approx}2.00 {angstrom} and to Ni at {approx}3.11 {angstrom}. This Fe-O bond length is smaller than the Fe(II)-O bond distance found in Fe(OH){sub 2} ({approx}2.10 {angstrom}) but is in good agreement with the average Fe(III)-O bond distance found in FeOOH ({alpha}, {gamma}). The Fe-Ni bond distance is in agreement with that of the Ni(II)-Ni(II) bond distance found in {alpha}-Ni(OH){sub 2}. Moreover, the radial structure function (RSF) around Fe shows a distinct peak at {approx}5.8 {angstrom}, which is a fingerprint of the brucite ({alpha}-Ni(OH){sub 2}) structure. On anodic oxidation of the codeposited film in KOH, we found that the Fe ions occupied Ni lattice sites in {gamma}-NiOOH. The XANES shows that the Fe edge shifts to highermore » energy values, indicating an increase in the oxidation state of Fe on charging. Analysis of the EXAFS data shows that Fe is coordinated to oxygen at {approx}1.94 {angstrom} and to Ni at {approx}2.84 {angstrom}. The latter value is in good agreement with the Ni(IV)-Ni(IV) bond length found in {gamma}-NiOOH. The RSF around Fe in the oxidized film shows a distinct peak at {approx}5.4 {angstrom}, just as in the RSF of Ni in {gamma}-NiOOH. The Fe-O bond distance of {approx}1.94 {angstrom} is in good agreement with the Fe(IV)-O bond distance found in SrFeO{sub 3}. Our results strongly suggest that the Fe ions in the oxidized film is nominally tetravalent but with the Fe-O bond possessing a high degree of covalency.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); EM
OSTI Identifier:
942619
Report Number(s):
ANL/CMT/JA-33098
Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5647; JPCBFK; TRN: US200920%%77
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Phys. Chem. B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 18 ; May 11, 2000; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5647
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; BOND LENGTHS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; THIN FILMS; FINE STRUCTURE; IONS; IRON; NICKEL HYDROXIDES; NICKEL OXIDES; STRUCTURE FUNCTIONS

Citation Formats

Balasubramanian, M., Melendres, C., Mini, S., Chemical Engineering, and Northern Illinois Univ. X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of the local atomic and electronic structure of iron incorporated into electrodeposited hydrous nickel oxide films.. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.1021/jp9921710.
Balasubramanian, M., Melendres, C., Mini, S., Chemical Engineering, & Northern Illinois Univ. X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of the local atomic and electronic structure of iron incorporated into electrodeposited hydrous nickel oxide films.. United States. doi:10.1021/jp9921710.
Balasubramanian, M., Melendres, C., Mini, S., Chemical Engineering, and Northern Illinois Univ. Thu . "X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of the local atomic and electronic structure of iron incorporated into electrodeposited hydrous nickel oxide films.". United States. doi:10.1021/jp9921710.
@article{osti_942619,
title = {X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of the local atomic and electronic structure of iron incorporated into electrodeposited hydrous nickel oxide films.},
author = {Balasubramanian, M. and Melendres, C. and Mini, S. and Chemical Engineering and Northern Illinois Univ.},
abstractNote = {We have utilized X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy to investigate the local atomic and electronic structure of iron incorporated into electrodeposited nickel hydroxide films. We found that cathodic codeposition from a solution containing Fe(II) and Ni(II) ions results in iron occupying Ni lattice sites in {alpha}-Ni(OH){sub 2}. The X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) shows that Fe is present as Fe(III) ions in the cathodically codeposited film. Analysis of the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) shows that Fe is coordinated to oxygen at {approx}2.00 {angstrom} and to Ni at {approx}3.11 {angstrom}. This Fe-O bond length is smaller than the Fe(II)-O bond distance found in Fe(OH){sub 2} ({approx}2.10 {angstrom}) but is in good agreement with the average Fe(III)-O bond distance found in FeOOH ({alpha}, {gamma}). The Fe-Ni bond distance is in agreement with that of the Ni(II)-Ni(II) bond distance found in {alpha}-Ni(OH){sub 2}. Moreover, the radial structure function (RSF) around Fe shows a distinct peak at {approx}5.8 {angstrom}, which is a fingerprint of the brucite ({alpha}-Ni(OH){sub 2}) structure. On anodic oxidation of the codeposited film in KOH, we found that the Fe ions occupied Ni lattice sites in {gamma}-NiOOH. The XANES shows that the Fe edge shifts to higher energy values, indicating an increase in the oxidation state of Fe on charging. Analysis of the EXAFS data shows that Fe is coordinated to oxygen at {approx}1.94 {angstrom} and to Ni at {approx}2.84 {angstrom}. The latter value is in good agreement with the Ni(IV)-Ni(IV) bond length found in {gamma}-NiOOH. The RSF around Fe in the oxidized film shows a distinct peak at {approx}5.4 {angstrom}, just as in the RSF of Ni in {gamma}-NiOOH. The Fe-O bond distance of {approx}1.94 {angstrom} is in good agreement with the Fe(IV)-O bond distance found in SrFeO{sub 3}. Our results strongly suggest that the Fe ions in the oxidized film is nominally tetravalent but with the Fe-O bond possessing a high degree of covalency.},
doi = {10.1021/jp9921710},
journal = {J. Phys. Chem. B},
issn = {1089-5647},
number = 18 ; May 11, 2000,
volume = 104,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}