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Title: Properties of New York/New Jersey Harbor Sediments

Abstract

Sediments found in waterways around the world may contain toxic compounds of anthropogenic origin that can harm the environment and human health. As a result, it is often necessary to remove them and find disposal methods that are environmentally and economically acceptable. Here, we report on results obtained in an experimental program to characterize the nature of the sediment contamination. The objective was to gain a better understanding of the properties of the sediments to develop better methods for understanding the fate and transport of the contaminants and for improving methods for their removal from the sediments. Our investigations made use of X-ray facilities at the Brookhaven National Synchrotron Light Source and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility at Grenoble, France. The experiments included: measurements of the microstructure of the sediments using computed microtomography, X-ray absorption, and fluorescence microscopy with resolutions as low as 0.2 micrometers to obtain information on the relationships of organic and mineral components of the sediments and on the distribution of contaminants on the surfaces of the sediment grains, investigation of functional groups of chemical compounds using X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Scanning electron microscopy and electron probe measurements were made to ascertainmore » the morphology of the sediment surfaces and the distribution of metals on individual sediment grains.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org.:
Doe - Office Of Science
OSTI Identifier:
914297
Report Number(s):
BNL-78865-2007-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0587-4246; ATPLB6; TRN: US0802846
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Phys. Pol. A; Journal Volume: 109; Journal Issue: 3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ELECTRON PROBES; EUROPEAN SYNCHROTRON RADIATION FACILITY; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SEDIMENTS; NSLS; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY; national synchrotron light source

Citation Formats

Jones,K., Feng, H., Stern, E., Neuhausler, U., Osan, J., Marinkovic, N., and Song, Z. Properties of New York/New Jersey Harbor Sediments. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.12693/APhysPolA.109.279.
Jones,K., Feng, H., Stern, E., Neuhausler, U., Osan, J., Marinkovic, N., & Song, Z. Properties of New York/New Jersey Harbor Sediments. United States. doi:10.12693/APhysPolA.109.279.
Jones,K., Feng, H., Stern, E., Neuhausler, U., Osan, J., Marinkovic, N., and Song, Z. Sun . "Properties of New York/New Jersey Harbor Sediments". United States. doi:10.12693/APhysPolA.109.279.
@article{osti_914297,
title = {Properties of New York/New Jersey Harbor Sediments},
author = {Jones,K. and Feng, H. and Stern, E. and Neuhausler, U. and Osan, J. and Marinkovic, N. and Song, Z.},
abstractNote = {Sediments found in waterways around the world may contain toxic compounds of anthropogenic origin that can harm the environment and human health. As a result, it is often necessary to remove them and find disposal methods that are environmentally and economically acceptable. Here, we report on results obtained in an experimental program to characterize the nature of the sediment contamination. The objective was to gain a better understanding of the properties of the sediments to develop better methods for understanding the fate and transport of the contaminants and for improving methods for their removal from the sediments. Our investigations made use of X-ray facilities at the Brookhaven National Synchrotron Light Source and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility at Grenoble, France. The experiments included: measurements of the microstructure of the sediments using computed microtomography, X-ray absorption, and fluorescence microscopy with resolutions as low as 0.2 micrometers to obtain information on the relationships of organic and mineral components of the sediments and on the distribution of contaminants on the surfaces of the sediment grains, investigation of functional groups of chemical compounds using X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Scanning electron microscopy and electron probe measurements were made to ascertain the morphology of the sediment surfaces and the distribution of metals on individual sediment grains.},
doi = {10.12693/APhysPolA.109.279},
journal = {Acta Phys. Pol. A},
number = 3,
volume = 109,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}