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Title: Indoor Residential Chemical Exposures as Risk Factors for Asthmaand Allergy in Infants and Children: a Review

Abstract

Most research into effects of residential indoor air exposures on asthma and allergies has focused on exposures to biologic allergens, moisture and mold, endotoxin, or combustion byproducts. This paper briefly reviews reported findings on associations of asthma or allergy in infants or children with risk factors related to indoor chemical emissions from residential materials or surface coatings. Associations, some strong (e.g., odds ratios up to 13), were reported. The most frequently identified risk factors were formaldehyde, aromatic organic compounds such as toluene and benzene, plastic materials and plasticizers, and recent painting. Exposures and consequent effects from indoor sources may be exacerbated by decreased ventilation. Identified risk factors may be proxies for correlated exposures. Findings suggest the frequent occurrence of important but preventable effects on asthma and allergy in infants and children worldwide from modern residential building materials and coatings.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley NationalLaboratory, Berkeley, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; Indoor Environments Division. Office of Radiation andIndoor Air. Office of Air and Radiation. US Environmental ProtectionAgency through interagency agreement DW-89-92175001-0
OSTI Identifier:
888773
Report Number(s):
LBNL-59781
R&D Project: E26101; BnR: 400408000; TRN: US200623%%546
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Healthy Buildings 2006, Lisbon, Portugal, June4-8, 2006
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR; ALLERGY; AROMATICS; ASTHMA; BENZENE; CHILDREN; COATINGS; COMBUSTION; FORMALDEHYDE; MOISTURE; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLASTICIZERS; PLASTICS; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; SURFACE COATING; TOLUENE; VENTILATION

Citation Formats

Mendell, M J. Indoor Residential Chemical Exposures as Risk Factors for Asthmaand Allergy in Infants and Children: a Review. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
Mendell, M J. Indoor Residential Chemical Exposures as Risk Factors for Asthmaand Allergy in Infants and Children: a Review. United States.
Mendell, M J. Wed . "Indoor Residential Chemical Exposures as Risk Factors for Asthmaand Allergy in Infants and Children: a Review". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/888773.
@article{osti_888773,
title = {Indoor Residential Chemical Exposures as Risk Factors for Asthmaand Allergy in Infants and Children: a Review},
author = {Mendell, M J},
abstractNote = {Most research into effects of residential indoor air exposures on asthma and allergies has focused on exposures to biologic allergens, moisture and mold, endotoxin, or combustion byproducts. This paper briefly reviews reported findings on associations of asthma or allergy in infants or children with risk factors related to indoor chemical emissions from residential materials or surface coatings. Associations, some strong (e.g., odds ratios up to 13), were reported. The most frequently identified risk factors were formaldehyde, aromatic organic compounds such as toluene and benzene, plastic materials and plasticizers, and recent painting. Exposures and consequent effects from indoor sources may be exacerbated by decreased ventilation. Identified risk factors may be proxies for correlated exposures. Findings suggest the frequent occurrence of important but preventable effects on asthma and allergy in infants and children worldwide from modern residential building materials and coatings.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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