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Title: Carbon Sequestration on Surface Mine Lands

Abstract

A major effort this quarter was to inventory all the planted areas to evaluate the diameter and height growth as well as determine survival rates. Soil bulk density and compaction continue to be evaluated on all the areas to determine the effects on tree growth and survival. The hydrologic quantity and quality are continuously monitored and quantified. Much effort was also expended in preparing technical presentations for professional meeting and for the preparation of the final project report.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University of Kentucky
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
882462
DOE Contract Number:
FC26-02NT41624
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; BULK DENSITY; CARBON SEQUESTRATION; SOILS; TREES

Citation Formats

Donald H. Graves, Christopher Barton, Richard Sweigard, and Richard Warner. Carbon Sequestration on Surface Mine Lands. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.2172/882462.
Donald H. Graves, Christopher Barton, Richard Sweigard, & Richard Warner. Carbon Sequestration on Surface Mine Lands. United States. doi:10.2172/882462.
Donald H. Graves, Christopher Barton, Richard Sweigard, and Richard Warner. Tue . "Carbon Sequestration on Surface Mine Lands". United States. doi:10.2172/882462. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/882462.
@article{osti_882462,
title = {Carbon Sequestration on Surface Mine Lands},
author = {Donald H. Graves and Christopher Barton and Richard Sweigard and Richard Warner},
abstractNote = {A major effort this quarter was to inventory all the planted areas to evaluate the diameter and height growth as well as determine survival rates. Soil bulk density and compaction continue to be evaluated on all the areas to determine the effects on tree growth and survival. The hydrologic quantity and quality are continuously monitored and quantified. Much effort was also expended in preparing technical presentations for professional meeting and for the preparation of the final project report.},
doi = {10.2172/882462},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue May 02 00:00:00 EDT 2006},
month = {Tue May 02 00:00:00 EDT 2006}
}

Technical Report:

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  • Over 160 acres (64.8 ha) of tree seedlings have been planted in eastern and western Kentucky that depict a mixed stand similar to the native vegetation of the area. All these sites have been assessed and various instrumentation is or is planned for installation to monitor environmental conditions and changes on the areas. The environmental conditions include temperature, aspect, slope, rainfall, and other treatment or condition factors.
  • Over 160 acres of tree seedlings were planted during the last quarter. This quarter marked the beginning of the installation of new instrumentation and the inspection and calibration of previously installed recording devices. Sampling systems were initiated to quantify initial seedling success as well as height measurements. Nursery seedlings have been inoculated to produce mycorrhizal treated stock for 2004 spring plantings to determine the effects on carbon sequestration. All planting areas in western Kentucky have been sampled with the recording cone penetrometer and the nuclear density gauge to measure soil density.
  • The October-December 2003 Quarter was dedicated to analyzing the first years tree planting activities and evaluation of the results. This included the analyses of the species success at each of the sites and quantifying the baseline data for future year determination of research levels of mixes. The small mammal colonization study of revegetated surface mines was also initiated and sampling systems initiated.
  • The 2002-2003 Department of Energy plantings amounted to 164 acres containing 111,520 tree seedlings in eastern and western Kentucky. Data gathered on these trees included an inventory to determine survival of all planted species. A sub-sample of seedlings was selected to assess the height and diameter of individual species of seedlings established. Additional efforts involved collection of soil sample and litter samples, analysis of herbaceous ground cover from vegetation clip plots and leaf area on each tree species, and development of tissue collections. All areas were sampled for penetration resistance, penetration depth (or depth to refusal), and bulk density atmore » various depths. Rain fall events and flow rates were recorded. The water quality of runoff samples involved the determination of total and settleable solids and particle size distribution. A study was initiated that will focus on the colonization of small mammals from forest edges to various areas located on reclaimed surface mines. This effort will provide a better understanding of the role small mammals and birds have in the establishment of plant communities on mine lands that will be useful in developing and improving reclamation techniques.« less
  • The January-March 2004 Quarter was dedicated to tree planting activities in two locations in Kentucky. During year one of this project there was no available mine land to plant in the Hazard area so 107 acres were planted in the Martin county mine location. This year 120 acres was planted in the Hazard area to compensate for the prior year and an additional 57 acres was planted on Peabody properties in western Kentucky. An additional set of special plots were established on each of these areas that contained 4800 seedlings each for special carbon sequestration determinations. Plantings were also conductedmore » to continue compaction and water quality studies on two newly established areas as well as confirmed measurements on the first years plantings. Total plantings on this project now amount to 357 acres containing 245,960 tree seedlings.« less