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Title: Thermal device and method for production of carbon monoxide and hydrogen by thermal dissociation of hydrocarbon gases

Abstract

Carbon monoxide is produced in a fast quench reactor. The production of carbon monoxide includes injecting carbon dioxide and some air into a reactor chamber having a high temperature at its inlet and a rapidly expanding a reactant stream, such as a restrictive convergent-divergent nozzle at its outlet end. Carbon dioxide and other reactants such as methane and other low molecular weight hydrocarbons are injected into the reactor chamber. Other gas may be added at different stages in the process to form a desired end product and prevent back reactions. The resulting heated gaseous stream is then rapidly cooled by expansion of the gaseous stream.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Idaho Falls, ID)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID
OSTI Identifier:
873549
Patent Number(s):
US 6187226
Assignee:
Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC (Idaho Falls, ID) INEEL
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-94ID13223
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
thermal; device; method; production; carbon; monoxide; hydrogen; dissociation; hydrocarbon; gases; produced; fast; quench; reactor; injecting; dioxide; air; chamber; temperature; inlet; rapidly; expanding; reactant; stream; restrictive; convergent-divergent; nozzle; outlet; reactants; methane; molecular; weight; hydrocarbons; injected; gas; added; stages; process; form; desired; product; prevent; reactions; resulting; heated; gaseous; cooled; expansion; reactant stream; rapidly cooled; rapidly expanding; hydrocarbon gas; gaseous stream; carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; molecular weight; hydrocarbon gases; reactor chamber; quench reactor; resulting heated; resulting heat; restrictive convergent-divergent; thermal dissociation; fast quench; heated gas; heated gaseous; convergent-divergent nozzle; thermal device; weight hydrocarbon; injecting carbon; rapidly cool; carbon gases; /252/423/

Citation Formats

Detering, Brent A., and Kong, Peter C. Thermal device and method for production of carbon monoxide and hydrogen by thermal dissociation of hydrocarbon gases. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
Detering, Brent A., & Kong, Peter C. Thermal device and method for production of carbon monoxide and hydrogen by thermal dissociation of hydrocarbon gases. United States.
Detering, Brent A., and Kong, Peter C. Mon . "Thermal device and method for production of carbon monoxide and hydrogen by thermal dissociation of hydrocarbon gases". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/873549.
@article{osti_873549,
title = {Thermal device and method for production of carbon monoxide and hydrogen by thermal dissociation of hydrocarbon gases},
author = {Detering, Brent A. and Kong, Peter C.},
abstractNote = {Carbon monoxide is produced in a fast quench reactor. The production of carbon monoxide includes injecting carbon dioxide and some air into a reactor chamber having a high temperature at its inlet and a rapidly expanding a reactant stream, such as a restrictive convergent-divergent nozzle at its outlet end. Carbon dioxide and other reactants such as methane and other low molecular weight hydrocarbons are injected into the reactor chamber. Other gas may be added at different stages in the process to form a desired end product and prevent back reactions. The resulting heated gaseous stream is then rapidly cooled by expansion of the gaseous stream.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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