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Title: Method and apparatus for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide

Abstract

An apparatus and a method are disclosed for converting hydrocarbon fuel or an alcohol into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. The apparatus includes a first vessel having a partial oxidation reaction zone and a separate steam reforming reaction zone that is distinct from the partial oxidation reaction zone. The first vessel has a first vessel inlet at the partial oxidation reaction zone and a first vessel outlet at the steam reforming zone. The reformer also includes a helical tube extending about the first vessel. The helical tube has a first end connected to an oxygen-containing source and a second end connected to the first vessel at the partial oxidation reaction zone. Oxygen gas from an oxygen-containing source can be directed through the helical tube to the first vessel. A second vessel having a second vessel inlet and second vessel outlet is annularly disposed about the first vessel. The helical tube is disposed between the first vessel and the second vessel and gases from the first vessel can be directed through second vessel.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Dover, MA
  2. Belmont, MA
  3. Westford, MA
  4. Cambridge, MA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
ARTHUR D LITTLE INC
OSTI Identifier:
873282
Patent Number(s):
US 6126908
Assignee:
Arthur D. Little, Inc. (Cambridge, MA)
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-92CE50343
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; apparatus; converting; hydrocarbon; fuel; hydrogen; gas; carbon; dioxide; disclosed; alcohol; vessel; partial; oxidation; reaction; zone; separate; steam; reforming; distinct; inlet; outlet; reformer; helical; tube; extending; connected; oxygen-containing; source; oxygen; directed; annularly; disposed; gases; annularly disposed; converting hydrocarbon; reforming zone; oxygen gas; partial oxidation; hydrocarbon fuel; hydrogen gas; carbon dioxide; reaction zone; steam reforming; tube extending; oxidation reaction; reforming reaction; /422/48/429/

Citation Formats

Clawson, Lawrence G, Mitchell, William L, Bentley, Jeffrey M, and Thijssen, Johannes H.J. Method and apparatus for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Clawson, Lawrence G, Mitchell, William L, Bentley, Jeffrey M, & Thijssen, Johannes H.J. Method and apparatus for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. United States.
Clawson, Lawrence G, Mitchell, William L, Bentley, Jeffrey M, and Thijssen, Johannes H.J. Sat . "Method and apparatus for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/873282.
@article{osti_873282,
title = {Method and apparatus for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide},
author = {Clawson, Lawrence G and Mitchell, William L and Bentley, Jeffrey M and Thijssen, Johannes H.J.},
abstractNote = {An apparatus and a method are disclosed for converting hydrocarbon fuel or an alcohol into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide. The apparatus includes a first vessel having a partial oxidation reaction zone and a separate steam reforming reaction zone that is distinct from the partial oxidation reaction zone. The first vessel has a first vessel inlet at the partial oxidation reaction zone and a first vessel outlet at the steam reforming zone. The reformer also includes a helical tube extending about the first vessel. The helical tube has a first end connected to an oxygen-containing source and a second end connected to the first vessel at the partial oxidation reaction zone. Oxygen gas from an oxygen-containing source can be directed through the helical tube to the first vessel. A second vessel having a second vessel inlet and second vessel outlet is annularly disposed about the first vessel. The helical tube is disposed between the first vessel and the second vessel and gases from the first vessel can be directed through second vessel.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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