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Title: Binary and ternary gas mixtures for use in glow discharge closing switches

Abstract

Highly efficient binary and ternary gas mixtures for use in diffuse glow discharge closing switches are disclosed. The binary mixtures are combinations of helium or neon and selected perfluorides. The ternary mixtures are combinations of helium, neon, or argon, a selected perfluoride, and a small amount of gas that exhibits enhanced ionization characteristics. These mixtures are shown to be the optimum choices for use in diffuse glow discharge closing switches by virtue of the combined physio-electric properties of the mixture components.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Oak Ridge, TN)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN
OSTI Identifier:
867252
Patent Number(s):
US 4896076
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) ORNL
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
binary; ternary; gas; mixtures; glow; discharge; closing; switches; highly; efficient; diffuse; disclosed; combinations; helium; neon; selected; perfluorides; argon; perfluoride; amount; exhibits; enhanced; ionization; characteristics; shown; optimum; choices; virtue; combined; physio-electric; properties; mixture; components; ternary gas; gas mixtures; glow discharge; gas mixture; highly efficient; binary mixture; closing switches; mixture components; diffuse glow; discharge closing; exhibits enhanced; /315/313/372/

Citation Formats

Hunter, Scott R., and Christophorou, Loucas G.. Binary and ternary gas mixtures for use in glow discharge closing switches. United States: N. p., 1990. Web.
Hunter, Scott R., & Christophorou, Loucas G.. Binary and ternary gas mixtures for use in glow discharge closing switches. United States.
Hunter, Scott R., and Christophorou, Loucas G.. 1990. "Binary and ternary gas mixtures for use in glow discharge closing switches". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/867252.
@article{osti_867252,
title = {Binary and ternary gas mixtures for use in glow discharge closing switches},
author = {Hunter, Scott R. and Christophorou, Loucas G.},
abstractNote = {Highly efficient binary and ternary gas mixtures for use in diffuse glow discharge closing switches are disclosed. The binary mixtures are combinations of helium or neon and selected perfluorides. The ternary mixtures are combinations of helium, neon, or argon, a selected perfluoride, and a small amount of gas that exhibits enhanced ionization characteristics. These mixtures are shown to be the optimum choices for use in diffuse glow discharge closing switches by virtue of the combined physio-electric properties of the mixture components.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1990,
month = 1
}

Patent:

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  • An improvement to the gas mixture used in diffuse glow discharge closing switches is disclosed which includes binary and ternary gas mixtures which are formulated to exhibit decreasing electron attachment with increasing temperature. This increases the efficiency of the conductance of the glow discharge and further inhibits the formation of an arc.
  • This patent describes a capacitive energy storage system. It comprises: a diffuse-discharge switch; a gas mixture in the diffuse-discharge switch comprising a mixture of He, Ne and Ar in combination with a second compound selected from the group consisting of (CF{sub 3}){sub 2}O, CF{sub 4}, BF{sub 3}, GeF{sub 4}, WF{sub 6}, SiF{sub 4}, in combination with a compound selected from the group consisting of TMPD, TMBI, TMAE, TMAB, triethylamine, methylaniline, diethylamine, aniline, Co-ocene, Ch-ocene, Ni-ocene and Fe-ocene; and means for selectively activating the gas mixture to an electrical conductive state.
  • An improvement to the gas mixture used in diffuse glow discharge closing switches is disclosed which includes binary and ternary gas mixtures which are formulated to exhibit decreasing electron attachment with increasing temperature. This increases the efficiency of the conductance of the glow discharge and further inhibits the formation of an arc. 11 figs.
  • Highly efficient binary and ternary gas mixtures for use in diffuse glow discharge closing switches are disclosed. The binary mixtures are combinations of helium or neon and selected perfluorides. The ternary mixtures are combinations of helium, neon, or argon, a selected perfluoride, and a small amount of gas that exhibits enhanced ionization characteristics. These mixtures are shown to be the optimum choices for use in diffuse glow discharge closing switches by virtue if the combines physio-electric properties of the mixture components. 9 figs.
  • An improvement to the gas mixture used in diffuse glow discharge closing switches is disclosed which includes binary and ternary gas mixtures which are formulated to exhibit decreasing electron attachment with increasing temperature. This increases the efficiency of the conductance of the glow discharge and further inhibits the formation of an arc. 11 figs.