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Title: Method for synthesizing HMX

Abstract

A method and apparatus for electrochemically synthesizing N.sub.2 O.sub.5 cludes oxidizing a solution of N.sub.2 O.sub.4 /HNO.sub.3 at an anode, while maintaining a controlled potential between the N.sub.2 O.sub.4 /HNO.sub.3 solution and the anode. A potential of about 1.35 to 2.0 V vs. SCE is preferred, while a potential of about 1.80 V vs. SCE is most preferred. Thereafter, the N.sub.2 O.sub.5 is reacted with either 1.5-diacetyl-3,7-dinitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (DADN) or 1,3,5,7-tetraacetyl-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (TAT) to form cyclotetramethylenetetraamine (HMX).

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. (Brentwood, CA)
  2. (Fremont, CA)
  3. (Castro Valley, CA)
  4. (Pleasanton, CA)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
864898
Patent Number(s):
US 4432902
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by Department of Energy (Washington, DC) LLNL
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; synthesizing; hmx; apparatus; electrochemically; oxidizing; solution; hno; anode; maintaining; controlled; potential; 35; vs; sce; preferred; 80; thereafter; reacted; 5-diacetyl-3; 7-dinitro-1; 7-tetraazacyclooctane; dadn; 7-tetraacetyl-1; form; cyclotetramethylenetetraamine; controlled potential; electrochemically synthesizing; /999/149/204/205/423/

Citation Formats

McGuire, Raymond R., Coon, Clifford L., Harrar, Jackson E., and Pearson, Richard K.. Method for synthesizing HMX. United States: N. p., 1984. Web.
McGuire, Raymond R., Coon, Clifford L., Harrar, Jackson E., & Pearson, Richard K.. Method for synthesizing HMX. United States.
McGuire, Raymond R., Coon, Clifford L., Harrar, Jackson E., and Pearson, Richard K.. Sun . "Method for synthesizing HMX". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864898.
@article{osti_864898,
title = {Method for synthesizing HMX},
author = {McGuire, Raymond R. and Coon, Clifford L. and Harrar, Jackson E. and Pearson, Richard K.},
abstractNote = {A method and apparatus for electrochemically synthesizing N.sub.2 O.sub.5 cludes oxidizing a solution of N.sub.2 O.sub.4 /HNO.sub.3 at an anode, while maintaining a controlled potential between the N.sub.2 O.sub.4 /HNO.sub.3 solution and the anode. A potential of about 1.35 to 2.0 V vs. SCE is preferred, while a potential of about 1.80 V vs. SCE is most preferred. Thereafter, the N.sub.2 O.sub.5 is reacted with either 1.5-diacetyl-3,7-dinitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (DADN) or 1,3,5,7-tetraacetyl-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (TAT) to form cyclotetramethylenetetraamine (HMX).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {1}
}

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