skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Short residence time coal liquefaction process including catalytic hydrogenation

Abstract

Normally solid dissolved coal product and a distillate liquid product are produced by continuously passing a feed slurry comprising raw feed coal and a recycle solvent oil and/or slurry together with hydrogen to a preheating-reaction zone (26, alone, or 26 together with 42), the hydrogen pressure in the preheating-reaction zone being at least 1500 psig (105 kg/cm.sup.2), reacting the slurry in the preheating-reaction zone (26, or 26 with 42) at a temperature in the range of between about 455.degree. and about 500.degree. C. to dissolve the coal to form normally liquid coal and normally solid dissolved coal. A total slurry residence time is maintained in the reaction zone ranging from a finite value from about 0 to about 0.2 hour, and reaction effluent is continuously and directly contacted with a quenching fluid (40, 68) to substantially immediately reduce the temperature of the reaction effluent to below 425.degree. C. to substantially inhibit polymerization so that the yield of insoluble organic matter comprises less than 9 weight percent of said feed coal on a moisture-free basis. The reaction is performed under conditions of temperature, hydrogen pressure and residence time such that the quantity of distillate liquid boiling within the range C.sub.5 -454.degree.more » C. is an amount at least equal to that obtainable by performing the process under the same condition except for a longer total slurry residence time, e.g., 0.3 hour. Solvent boiling range liquid is separated from the reaction effluent (83) and recycled as process solvent (16). The amount of solvent boiling range liquid is sufficient to provide at least 80 weight percent of that required to maintain the process in overall solvent balance.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. (Overland Park, KS)
  2. (Englewood, CO)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pittsburgh and Midway Coal; SRC International Inc.
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
864211
Patent Number(s):
US 4330388
Application Number:
06/182,697
Assignee:
Pittsburg & Midway Coal Mining Co. (Englewood, CO) ORO
DOE Contract Number:  
AC22-79ET14800; AC05-78OR03055
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
residence; time; coal; liquefaction; process; including; catalytic; hydrogenation; normally; solid; dissolved; product; distillate; liquid; produced; continuously; passing; feed; slurry; comprising; raw; recycle; solvent; oil; hydrogen; preheating-reaction; zone; 26; 42; pressure; 1500; psig; 105; kg; cm; reacting; temperature; range; 455; degree; 500; dissolve; form; total; maintained; reaction; ranging; finite; value; hour; effluent; directly; contacted; quenching; fluid; 40; 68; substantially; immediately; reduce; below; 425; inhibit; polymerization; yield; insoluble; organic; matter; comprises; weight; percent; moisture-free; basis; performed; conditions; quantity; boiling; -454; amount; equal; obtainable; performing; condition; separated; 83; recycled; 16; sufficient; provide; 80; required; maintain; overall; balance; slurry residence; organic matter; recycle solvent; coal product; solid dissolved; slurry comprising; process including; catalytic hydrogenation; feed slurry; residence time; liquefaction process; weight percent; coal liquefaction; reaction zone; liquid product; boiling range; feed coal; process solvent; normally liquid; hydrogen pressure; solvent boiling; normally solid; substantially inhibit; raw feed; dissolved coal; distillate liquid; insoluble organic; solvent oil; comprising raw; time coal; soluble organic; continuously passing; /208/

Citation Formats

Anderson, Raymond P., Schmalzer, David K., and Wright, Charles H. Short residence time coal liquefaction process including catalytic hydrogenation. United States: N. p., 1982. Web.
Anderson, Raymond P., Schmalzer, David K., & Wright, Charles H. Short residence time coal liquefaction process including catalytic hydrogenation. United States.
Anderson, Raymond P., Schmalzer, David K., and Wright, Charles H. Tue . "Short residence time coal liquefaction process including catalytic hydrogenation". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864211.
@article{osti_864211,
title = {Short residence time coal liquefaction process including catalytic hydrogenation},
author = {Anderson, Raymond P. and Schmalzer, David K. and Wright, Charles H.},
abstractNote = {Normally solid dissolved coal product and a distillate liquid product are produced by continuously passing a feed slurry comprising raw feed coal and a recycle solvent oil and/or slurry together with hydrogen to a preheating-reaction zone (26, alone, or 26 together with 42), the hydrogen pressure in the preheating-reaction zone being at least 1500 psig (105 kg/cm.sup.2), reacting the slurry in the preheating-reaction zone (26, or 26 with 42) at a temperature in the range of between about 455.degree. and about 500.degree. C. to dissolve the coal to form normally liquid coal and normally solid dissolved coal. A total slurry residence time is maintained in the reaction zone ranging from a finite value from about 0 to about 0.2 hour, and reaction effluent is continuously and directly contacted with a quenching fluid (40, 68) to substantially immediately reduce the temperature of the reaction effluent to below 425.degree. C. to substantially inhibit polymerization so that the yield of insoluble organic matter comprises less than 9 weight percent of said feed coal on a moisture-free basis. The reaction is performed under conditions of temperature, hydrogen pressure and residence time such that the quantity of distillate liquid boiling within the range C.sub.5 -454.degree. C. is an amount at least equal to that obtainable by performing the process under the same condition except for a longer total slurry residence time, e.g., 0.3 hour. Solvent boiling range liquid is separated from the reaction effluent (83) and recycled as process solvent (16). The amount of solvent boiling range liquid is sufficient to provide at least 80 weight percent of that required to maintain the process in overall solvent balance.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1982},
month = {5}
}

Patent:

Save / Share: