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Title: Reducing the Heat Load on the LCLS 120 Hz RF Gun with RF Pulse Shaping

Abstract

The LCLS injector must operate at 120 Hz repetition frequency but to date the maximum operating frequency of an S-band rf gun has been 50 Hz. The high fields desired for the LCLS gun operation limit the repetition frequency due to thermal expansion causing rf detuning and field redistribution. One method of addressing the thermal loading problem is too reduce the power lost on the cavity walls by properly shaping the rf pulse incident on the gun. The idea is to reach the steady state field value in the gun faster than the time constant of the gun would allow when using a flat incident rf pulse. By increasing the incident power by about a factor of three and then decreasing the incident power when the field reaches the desired value in the gun, the field build up time can be decreased by more than a factor of three. Using this technique the heat load is also decreased by more than a factor of three. In addition the rf coupling coefficient can be increased from the typical critically coupled designs to an overcoupled design which also helps reduce the field build up time. Increasing the coupling coefficient from 1 tomore » 2 reduces the heat load by another 25% and still limits the reflected power and coupling hole size to manageable levels.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
839687
Report Number(s):
SLAC-TN-05-027
TRN: US0503322
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; DESIGN; THERMAL EXPANSION; HEATING LOAD; RF SYSTEMS; ELECTRON GUNS; LIGHT SOURCES; BEAM INJECTION; PULSE SHAPERS; TEMPERATURE CONTROL

Citation Formats

Schmerge, J. Reducing the Heat Load on the LCLS 120 Hz RF Gun with RF Pulse Shaping. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.2172/839687.
Schmerge, J. Reducing the Heat Load on the LCLS 120 Hz RF Gun with RF Pulse Shaping. United States. doi:10.2172/839687.
Schmerge, J. Mon . "Reducing the Heat Load on the LCLS 120 Hz RF Gun with RF Pulse Shaping". United States. doi:10.2172/839687. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/839687.
@article{osti_839687,
title = {Reducing the Heat Load on the LCLS 120 Hz RF Gun with RF Pulse Shaping},
author = {Schmerge, J.},
abstractNote = {The LCLS injector must operate at 120 Hz repetition frequency but to date the maximum operating frequency of an S-band rf gun has been 50 Hz. The high fields desired for the LCLS gun operation limit the repetition frequency due to thermal expansion causing rf detuning and field redistribution. One method of addressing the thermal loading problem is too reduce the power lost on the cavity walls by properly shaping the rf pulse incident on the gun. The idea is to reach the steady state field value in the gun faster than the time constant of the gun would allow when using a flat incident rf pulse. By increasing the incident power by about a factor of three and then decreasing the incident power when the field reaches the desired value in the gun, the field build up time can be decreased by more than a factor of three. Using this technique the heat load is also decreased by more than a factor of three. In addition the rf coupling coefficient can be increased from the typical critically coupled designs to an overcoupled design which also helps reduce the field build up time. Increasing the coupling coefficient from 1 to 2 reduces the heat load by another 25% and still limits the reflected power and coupling hole size to manageable levels.},
doi = {10.2172/839687},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2005},
month = {1}
}

Technical Report:

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