skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Monte Carlo Simulations of Segregation in Pt-Ni Catalyst Nanoparticles

Abstract

We have investigated the segregation of Pt atoms in the surfaces of Pt-Ni nanoparticles, using Modified Embedded Atom Model potentials and the Monte Carlo method. The nanoparticles are assumed to have disordered fcc configurations at two fixed overall concentrations (50 at. percent Pt and 75 at. percent Pt). We use four kinds of nanoparticle shapes [cube, tetrahedron, octahedron, and cubo-octahedron] terminated by {l_brace}111{r_brace} and {l_brace}100{r_brace} facets to examine the extent of the Pt segregation to the nanoparticle surfaces and determine the equilibrium structures of Pt-Ni nanoparticles at T=600 K. The model particles contain between 560 and 4631 atoms (particle size ranging from 2.5 to 5 nm). Our results imply that a complete (100)-facet reconstruction could make the cubo-octahendral Pt-Ni nanoparticles most energetically favorable, consistent with experimental observations. We predict that at 600 K due to segregation the equilibrium Pt50Ni50 nanoparticles with fewer than 2000 atoms and Pt75Ni25 nano particles with fewer than 4000 atoms would achieve a surface-sandwich structure, in which the Pt atoms are enriched in the outermost and third atomic shells while the Ni atoms are enriched in the second atomic shell. We also find that due to an order-disorder transition the Pt50Ni50 cubo-octahedral nanoparticles containing more thanmore » 2000 atoms would form a core-shell structure with a Pt-enriched surface and a Pt-deficient homogeneous core.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Director. Office of Science. Office of Basic Energy Sciences. Materials Science and Engineering Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory Contract W-7405-ENG-36 (US)
OSTI Identifier:
834627
Report Number(s):
LBNL-52498
R&D Project: 505705; TRN: US200433%%249
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Other Information: Submitted to Journal of Chemical Physics, Volume 12; Journal Publication Date: 2004; PBD: 1 Apr 2004
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ATOMS; CATALYSTS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; MONTE CARLO METHOD; SEGREGATION; PT-NI ALLOY CATALYSIS NANOPARTICLES

Citation Formats

Wang, Guofeng, Van Hove, Michel A, Ross, Philip N, and Baskes, M I. Monte Carlo Simulations of Segregation in Pt-Ni Catalyst Nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2004. Web.
Wang, Guofeng, Van Hove, Michel A, Ross, Philip N, & Baskes, M I. Monte Carlo Simulations of Segregation in Pt-Ni Catalyst Nanoparticles. United States.
Wang, Guofeng, Van Hove, Michel A, Ross, Philip N, and Baskes, M I. 2004. "Monte Carlo Simulations of Segregation in Pt-Ni Catalyst Nanoparticles". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/834627.
@article{osti_834627,
title = {Monte Carlo Simulations of Segregation in Pt-Ni Catalyst Nanoparticles},
author = {Wang, Guofeng and Van Hove, Michel A and Ross, Philip N and Baskes, M I},
abstractNote = {We have investigated the segregation of Pt atoms in the surfaces of Pt-Ni nanoparticles, using Modified Embedded Atom Model potentials and the Monte Carlo method. The nanoparticles are assumed to have disordered fcc configurations at two fixed overall concentrations (50 at. percent Pt and 75 at. percent Pt). We use four kinds of nanoparticle shapes [cube, tetrahedron, octahedron, and cubo-octahedron] terminated by {l_brace}111{r_brace} and {l_brace}100{r_brace} facets to examine the extent of the Pt segregation to the nanoparticle surfaces and determine the equilibrium structures of Pt-Ni nanoparticles at T=600 K. The model particles contain between 560 and 4631 atoms (particle size ranging from 2.5 to 5 nm). Our results imply that a complete (100)-facet reconstruction could make the cubo-octahendral Pt-Ni nanoparticles most energetically favorable, consistent with experimental observations. We predict that at 600 K due to segregation the equilibrium Pt50Ni50 nanoparticles with fewer than 2000 atoms and Pt75Ni25 nano particles with fewer than 4000 atoms would achieve a surface-sandwich structure, in which the Pt atoms are enriched in the outermost and third atomic shells while the Ni atoms are enriched in the second atomic shell. We also find that due to an order-disorder transition the Pt50Ni50 cubo-octahedral nanoparticles containing more than 2000 atoms would form a core-shell structure with a Pt-enriched surface and a Pt-deficient homogeneous core.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/834627}, journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
number = ,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2004},
month = {4}
}