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Title: Isentropic Compression Experiments on the Z Accelerator

Abstract

This paper provides a brief review of experimental techniques for producing dynamic isentropic compression of samples to pressures of several hundred GPa. Traditional gun launch techniques include use of buffer plates, such as fused silica, that exhibit negative curvature to their stress-strain response and graded-density impactors. Graded-density impactors have been used to study isentropic compression of specimens to pressures exceeding 2 Mbar on high-impedance materials. A recent development includes the use of the Sandia Z Accelerator to produce magnetic compression in planar specimens to pressures of a few hundred kbar over time scales of 100 ns. These techniques have been successfully applied to isentropic compression of iron to 300 kbar and copper to 130 kbar. The iron results indicate that it is possible to study the polymorphic phase change that occurs at 130 kbar and also the kinetic properties of the transformation. The copper results indicate that with further improvements in progress it should be possible to measure continuous isentropic compression curves in materials of interest to pressures exceeding 1 Mbar. The Z accelerator is limited to peak currents of about 20 MA. By reconfiguring the anode-cathode geometry it should be possible to obtain constant current density and thus drivingmore » pressure to about 3 Mbar. The next generation accelerator referred to as ZX, which is being proposed will have the capability to generate currents to 50 MA and resulting peak pressures to 15 Mbar.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
7876
Report Number(s):
SAND99-0689C
TRN: US0101830
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: APS SCCM 99, Topical Conference on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, Snowbird, UT (US), 06/27/1999--07/02/1999; Other Information: PBD: 16 Jun 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; COPPER; CURRENT DENSITY; IRON; MAGNETIC COMPRESSION; VERY HIGH PRESSURE; MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES

Citation Formats

Asay, J.R. Isentropic Compression Experiments on the Z Accelerator. United States: N. p., 1999. Web.
Asay, J.R. Isentropic Compression Experiments on the Z Accelerator. United States.
Asay, J.R. Wed . "Isentropic Compression Experiments on the Z Accelerator". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7876.
@article{osti_7876,
title = {Isentropic Compression Experiments on the Z Accelerator},
author = {Asay, J.R.},
abstractNote = {This paper provides a brief review of experimental techniques for producing dynamic isentropic compression of samples to pressures of several hundred GPa. Traditional gun launch techniques include use of buffer plates, such as fused silica, that exhibit negative curvature to their stress-strain response and graded-density impactors. Graded-density impactors have been used to study isentropic compression of specimens to pressures exceeding 2 Mbar on high-impedance materials. A recent development includes the use of the Sandia Z Accelerator to produce magnetic compression in planar specimens to pressures of a few hundred kbar over time scales of 100 ns. These techniques have been successfully applied to isentropic compression of iron to 300 kbar and copper to 130 kbar. The iron results indicate that it is possible to study the polymorphic phase change that occurs at 130 kbar and also the kinetic properties of the transformation. The copper results indicate that with further improvements in progress it should be possible to measure continuous isentropic compression curves in materials of interest to pressures exceeding 1 Mbar. The Z accelerator is limited to peak currents of about 20 MA. By reconfiguring the anode-cathode geometry it should be possible to obtain constant current density and thus driving pressure to about 3 Mbar. The next generation accelerator referred to as ZX, which is being proposed will have the capability to generate currents to 50 MA and resulting peak pressures to 15 Mbar.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {6}
}

Conference:
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