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Title: Two-Phase Flow Measurements with {sup 252}Cf: Design Aspects and Considerations

Abstract

For many years {sup 252}Cf has been used for measuring moisture content, particularly in the ground's soil, by detecting the amount of slowing down (thermalization) of the source's fission neutrons by the hydrogen nuclei in water. The same concept has been employed for measuring the phase volume fraction in two-phase flows. Although the principle of using neutron slowing down to measure hydrogen content is basic and straightforward, its application in a confined and evolving medium such as two-phase flow can be challenging. This paper identifies some of these challenges and presents some approaches for dealing with them.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (CA); Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Pinawa, Manitoba (CA)
Sponsoring Org.:
none (US)
OSTI Identifier:
786136
Report Number(s):
ISSN 0003-018X; CODEN TANSAO
ISSN 0003-018X; CODEN TANSAO; TRN: US0109296
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2000 Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA (US), 06/04/2000--06/08/2000; Other Information: Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, Volume 82; PBD: 4 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CALIFORNIUM 252; NEUTRONS; THERMALIZATION; TWO-PHASE FLOW; WATER; HYDROGEN; VOLUME; MEASURING METHODS

Citation Formats

Esam M. A. Hussein, Marc R. Desrosiers, and Paul J. Ingham. Two-Phase Flow Measurements with {sup 252}Cf: Design Aspects and Considerations. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Esam M. A. Hussein, Marc R. Desrosiers, & Paul J. Ingham. Two-Phase Flow Measurements with {sup 252}Cf: Design Aspects and Considerations. United States.
Esam M. A. Hussein, Marc R. Desrosiers, and Paul J. Ingham. Sun . "Two-Phase Flow Measurements with {sup 252}Cf: Design Aspects and Considerations". United States.
@article{osti_786136,
title = {Two-Phase Flow Measurements with {sup 252}Cf: Design Aspects and Considerations},
author = {Esam M. A. Hussein and Marc R. Desrosiers and Paul J. Ingham},
abstractNote = {For many years {sup 252}Cf has been used for measuring moisture content, particularly in the ground's soil, by detecting the amount of slowing down (thermalization) of the source's fission neutrons by the hydrogen nuclei in water. The same concept has been employed for measuring the phase volume fraction in two-phase flows. Although the principle of using neutron slowing down to measure hydrogen content is basic and straightforward, its application in a confined and evolving medium such as two-phase flow can be challenging. This paper identifies some of these challenges and presents some approaches for dealing with them.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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