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Title: Active Control of 2/1 Magnetic Islands in the HBT-EP Tokamak

Abstract

Closed and open loop control techniques were applied to growing m/n=2/1 rotating islands in wall stabilized plasmas in the HBT-EP tokamak. The approach taken by HBT-EP combines an adjustable segmented conducting wall (which slows the growth or stabilizes ideal external kinks) with a number of small (6{degree} wide) saddle coils located between the gaps of the conducting wall. In this paper we report demonstration of 2-phase island rotation control from 5 kHz to 15 kHz and observation of the phase instability which are well modeled by the single-helicity, predictions of nonlinear Rutherford island dynamics for 2/1 tearing modes including important effects of ion inertia and FLR which appears as a damping term in the model equations. The closed loop response of active feedback control of the 2/1 mode at moderate gain was observed to be in good agreement with the theory. We have also demonstrated suppression of the 2/1 island growth using an asynchronous frequency modulation drive which maintains the flow damping of the island by application of rotating control fields with frequencies alternating above and below the natural mode frequency. This frequency modulation control technique was also able to prevent disruptions normally observed to follow giant sawtooth crashes inmore » the plasma core.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Research (ER) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
761627
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-98-45
TRN: US0100603
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: American Physical Society/Physics of Plasmas, Pittsburgh, PA (US), 11/18/1997--11/21/1997; Other Information: PBD: 18 Nov 1997
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; DAMPING; FEEDBACK; FREQUENCY MODULATION; INSTABILITY; ISLANDS; MAGNETIC ISLANDS; OPEN-LOOP CONTROL; PLASMA; ROTATION

Citation Formats

Navratil, G A, Cates, C, Mauel, M E, Maurer, D, Nadle, D, Taylor, E, Xiao, Q, Wurden, G A, and Reass, W A. Active Control of 2/1 Magnetic Islands in the HBT-EP Tokamak. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Navratil, G A, Cates, C, Mauel, M E, Maurer, D, Nadle, D, Taylor, E, Xiao, Q, Wurden, G A, & Reass, W A. Active Control of 2/1 Magnetic Islands in the HBT-EP Tokamak. United States.
Navratil, G A, Cates, C, Mauel, M E, Maurer, D, Nadle, D, Taylor, E, Xiao, Q, Wurden, G A, and Reass, W A. Tue . "Active Control of 2/1 Magnetic Islands in the HBT-EP Tokamak". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/761627.
@article{osti_761627,
title = {Active Control of 2/1 Magnetic Islands in the HBT-EP Tokamak},
author = {Navratil, G A and Cates, C and Mauel, M E and Maurer, D and Nadle, D and Taylor, E and Xiao, Q and Wurden, G A and Reass, W A},
abstractNote = {Closed and open loop control techniques were applied to growing m/n=2/1 rotating islands in wall stabilized plasmas in the HBT-EP tokamak. The approach taken by HBT-EP combines an adjustable segmented conducting wall (which slows the growth or stabilizes ideal external kinks) with a number of small (6{degree} wide) saddle coils located between the gaps of the conducting wall. In this paper we report demonstration of 2-phase island rotation control from 5 kHz to 15 kHz and observation of the phase instability which are well modeled by the single-helicity, predictions of nonlinear Rutherford island dynamics for 2/1 tearing modes including important effects of ion inertia and FLR which appears as a damping term in the model equations. The closed loop response of active feedback control of the 2/1 mode at moderate gain was observed to be in good agreement with the theory. We have also demonstrated suppression of the 2/1 island growth using an asynchronous frequency modulation drive which maintains the flow damping of the island by application of rotating control fields with frequencies alternating above and below the natural mode frequency. This frequency modulation control technique was also able to prevent disruptions normally observed to follow giant sawtooth crashes in the plasma core.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/761627}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {11}
}

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