# Solving complex-valued linear systems via equivalent real formulations

## Abstract

Most algorithms used in preconditioned iterative methods are generally applicable to complex valued linear systems, with real valued linear systems simply being a special case. However, most iterative solver packages available today focus exclusively on real valued systems, or deal with complex valued systems as an afterthought. One obvious approach to addressing this problem is to recast the complex problem into one of a several equivalent real forms and then use a real valued solver to solve the related system. However, well-known theoretical results showing unfavorable spectral properties for the equivalent real forms have diminished enthusiasm for this approach. At the same time, experience has shown that there are situations where using an equivalent real form can be very effective. In this paper, the authors explore this approach, giving both theoretical and experimental evidence that an equivalent real form can be useful for a number of practical situations. Furthermore, they show that by making good use of some of the advance features of modem solver packages, they can easily generate equivalent real form preconditioners that are computationally efficient and mathematically identical to their complex counterparts. Using their techniques, they are able to solve very ill-conditioned complex valued linear systems formore »

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- US Department of Energy (US)

- OSTI Identifier:
- 756121

- Report Number(s):
- SAND2000-1274J

TRN: AH200021%%415

- DOE Contract Number:
- AC04-94AL85000

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- SIAM Journal of Scientific Computing

- Additional Journal Information:
- Other Information: Submitted to SIAM Journal of Scientific Computing; PBD: 22 May 2000

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; ALGORITHMS; ITERATIVE METHODS; MATRICES; MATHEMATICS

### Citation Formats

```
DAY,DAVID M., and HEROUX,MICHAEL A.
```*Solving complex-valued linear systems via equivalent real formulations*. United States: N. p., 2000.
Web.

```
DAY,DAVID M., & HEROUX,MICHAEL A.
```*Solving complex-valued linear systems via equivalent real formulations*. United States.

```
DAY,DAVID M., and HEROUX,MICHAEL A. Mon .
"Solving complex-valued linear systems via equivalent real formulations". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/756121.
```

```
@article{osti_756121,
```

title = {Solving complex-valued linear systems via equivalent real formulations},

author = {DAY,DAVID M. and HEROUX,MICHAEL A.},

abstractNote = {Most algorithms used in preconditioned iterative methods are generally applicable to complex valued linear systems, with real valued linear systems simply being a special case. However, most iterative solver packages available today focus exclusively on real valued systems, or deal with complex valued systems as an afterthought. One obvious approach to addressing this problem is to recast the complex problem into one of a several equivalent real forms and then use a real valued solver to solve the related system. However, well-known theoretical results showing unfavorable spectral properties for the equivalent real forms have diminished enthusiasm for this approach. At the same time, experience has shown that there are situations where using an equivalent real form can be very effective. In this paper, the authors explore this approach, giving both theoretical and experimental evidence that an equivalent real form can be useful for a number of practical situations. Furthermore, they show that by making good use of some of the advance features of modem solver packages, they can easily generate equivalent real form preconditioners that are computationally efficient and mathematically identical to their complex counterparts. Using their techniques, they are able to solve very ill-conditioned complex valued linear systems for a variety of large scale applications. However, more importantly, they shed more light on the effectiveness of equivalent real forms and more clearly delineate how and when they should be used.},

doi = {},

journal = {SIAM Journal of Scientific Computing},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {2000},

month = {5}

}