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Title: CTBT integrated verification system evaluation model supplement

Abstract

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a computer based model called IVSEM (Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model) to estimate the performance of a nuclear detonation monitoring system. The IVSEM project was initiated in June 1994, by Sandia's Monitoring Systems and Technology Center and has been funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Nonproliferation and National Security (DOE/NN). IVSEM is a simple, ''top-level,'' modeling tool which estimates the performance of a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) monitoring system and can help explore the impact of various sensor system concepts and technology advancements on CTBT monitoring. One of IVSEM's unique features is that it integrates results from the various CTBT sensor technologies (seismic, in sound, radionuclide, and hydroacoustic) and allows the user to investigate synergy among the technologies. Specifically, IVSEM estimates the detection effectiveness (probability of detection), location accuracy, and identification capability of the integrated system and of each technology subsystem individually. The model attempts to accurately estimate the monitoring system's performance at medium interfaces (air-land, air-water) and for some evasive testing methods such as seismic decoupling. The original IVSEM report, CTBT Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model, SAND97-25 18, described version 1.2 of IVSEM. This report describes the changes mademore » to IVSEM version 1.2 and the addition of identification capability estimates that have been incorporated into IVSEM version 2.0.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
752611
Report Number(s):
SAND2000-0573
TRN: US0003276
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 2 Mar 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS//MATHEMATICS, COMPUTING, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE; CTBT; VERIFICATION; I CODES; NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DETECTION; PERFORMANCE; DATA PROCESSING; SEISMIC DETECTION; SEISMIC ARRAYS; RADIATION MONITORS; ACOUSTIC MONITORING; SNYERGY; INTERNATIONAL MONITORING SYSTEM; COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY; DATA FUSION; SENSOR SYSTEM INTEGRATION; TREATY VERIFICATION; MODEL

Citation Formats

EDENBURN,MICHAEL W., BUNTING,MARCUS, PAYNE JR.,ARTHUR C., and TROST,LAWRENCE C. CTBT integrated verification system evaluation model supplement. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/752611.
EDENBURN,MICHAEL W., BUNTING,MARCUS, PAYNE JR.,ARTHUR C., & TROST,LAWRENCE C. CTBT integrated verification system evaluation model supplement. United States. doi:10.2172/752611.
EDENBURN,MICHAEL W., BUNTING,MARCUS, PAYNE JR.,ARTHUR C., and TROST,LAWRENCE C. 2000. "CTBT integrated verification system evaluation model supplement". United States. doi:10.2172/752611. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/752611.
@article{osti_752611,
title = {CTBT integrated verification system evaluation model supplement},
author = {EDENBURN,MICHAEL W. and BUNTING,MARCUS and PAYNE JR.,ARTHUR C. and TROST,LAWRENCE C.},
abstractNote = {Sandia National Laboratories has developed a computer based model called IVSEM (Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model) to estimate the performance of a nuclear detonation monitoring system. The IVSEM project was initiated in June 1994, by Sandia's Monitoring Systems and Technology Center and has been funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Nonproliferation and National Security (DOE/NN). IVSEM is a simple, ''top-level,'' modeling tool which estimates the performance of a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) monitoring system and can help explore the impact of various sensor system concepts and technology advancements on CTBT monitoring. One of IVSEM's unique features is that it integrates results from the various CTBT sensor technologies (seismic, in sound, radionuclide, and hydroacoustic) and allows the user to investigate synergy among the technologies. Specifically, IVSEM estimates the detection effectiveness (probability of detection), location accuracy, and identification capability of the integrated system and of each technology subsystem individually. The model attempts to accurately estimate the monitoring system's performance at medium interfaces (air-land, air-water) and for some evasive testing methods such as seismic decoupling. The original IVSEM report, CTBT Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model, SAND97-25 18, described version 1.2 of IVSEM. This report describes the changes made to IVSEM version 1.2 and the addition of identification capability estimates that have been incorporated into IVSEM version 2.0.},
doi = {10.2172/752611},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2000,
month = 3
}

Technical Report:

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  • Sandia National Laboratories has developed a computer based model called IVSEM (Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model) to estimate the performance of a nuclear detonation monitoring system. The IVSEM project was initiated in June 1994, by Sandia`s Monitoring Systems and Technology Center and has been funded by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Nonproliferation and National Security (DOE/NN). IVSEM is a simple, top-level, modeling tool which estimates the performance of a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) monitoring system and can help explore the impact of various sensor system concepts and technology advancements on CTBT monitoring. One of IVSEM`s uniquemore » features is that it integrates results from the various CTBT sensor technologies (seismic, infrasound, radionuclide, and hydroacoustic) and allows the user to investigate synergy among the technologies. Specifically, IVSEM estimates the detection effectiveness (probability of detection) and location accuracy of the integrated system and of each technology subsystem individually. The model attempts to accurately estimate the monitoring system`s performance at medium interfaces (air-land, air-water) and for some evasive testing methods such as seismic decoupling. This report describes version 1.2 of IVSEM.« less
  • This report summarizes a verification of the SCIPUFF model as descried in the draft report PC-SCIPUFF Version 0.2 Technical Documentation by Sykes et al. The verification included a scientific review of the model physics and parameterizations described in the report, and checks for their internal usage and consistency with current practices in atmospheric dispersion modeling. This work is intended to examine the scientific basis and defensiblity of the model for the intended application. A related task is an assessment of the model`s general capabilities and limitations. A line-by-line verification of the computer source code was not possible; however, the codemore » was checked with a commercial code analyzer. About 47 potential coding inconsistencies were identified.« less
  • The Sandia National Laboratories has tested and evaluated the Chaparral Physics Model 4.1.1 prototype infrasound sensor to CTBT specifications. The sensor was characterized by using a piston-phone chamber to set and measure sensor sensitivity. Multiple sensor side-by-side coherence analysis testing provided a measure of sensor relative gain and phase; sensor self-noise was computed using this technique. The performance of the sensor calibration circuitry was evaluated. Sensor performance was compared to CTBT specifications. The Chaparral sensor met or exceeded all CTBT specifications.
  • This report consists of four technical memoranda documenting four major modeling improvements which were made to the DOE Mid-term Energy Market Model (MEMM) in late 1978 and early 1979 during the preparation of the EIA's Annual Report to Congress, 1978. The changes, and the subjects of the memoranda, include: (1) extensive revision of the modeling of natural gas regulation to reflect provisions of the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978; (2) more sophisticated treatment of advanced energy technologies (oil shale, coal conversion, solar/geothermal, solid waste conversion, enhanced oil recovery, and enhanced gas recovery); (3) more detailed treatment of the demandmore » for coal of various sulfur contents and the costs associated with the use of such coal, particularly in the electric utility sector; and (4) changes in the modeling of dynamics to accommodate the extension of the model to 1995 and the more detailed modeling of coal-fired utility plants.« less
  • This volume contains the mathematical specification and parameter estimation for the World Integrated Nuclear Evaluation Systems (WINES). WINES is a partial equilibrium energy forecasting model that projects long-run installed nuclear generating capacity. There are not feedback mechanisms in the model; estimates of electrical and nuclear generation are derived directly from estimates of energy demand. Each section of this report first gives the specification of that part of WINES in mathematical notation. This is followed by a discussion of the data requirements for that specification and suggested sources for the required parameter ranges.