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Title: Review of monitoring instruments for transuranics in fuel fabrication and reprocessing plants. A progress report to the physical and technological programs, Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research, U. S. Energy Research and Development Administration

Abstract

A comprehensive review of the monitoring instruments for transuranic elements released from nuclear fuel fabrication and reprocessing plants has been compiled. The extent of routine operational releases has been reviewed for the light water reactor (LWR) fuel cycle (including plutonium recycle), the breeder reactor fuel cycle, and the high-temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) fuel cycle. The stack monitoring instrumentation presently in use at the various fabrication and reprocessing plants around the country is discussed. Sampling difficulties and the effectiveness of the entire sampling system are reviewed, as are the measurement problems for alpha-emitting, long-lived, transuranic aerosols, /sup 129/I, /sup 106/Ru, and tritium oxide. The potential problems in the HTGR fuel cycle such as the measurement of releases of alpha-emitting aerosols and of gaseous releases of /sup 220/Rn and /sup 14/C are also considered.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
California Univ., Livermore (USA). Lawrence Livermore Lab.
OSTI Identifier:
7326038
Report Number(s):
UCRL-52123
TRN: 77-008287
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; AIR SAMPLERS; PERFORMANCE TESTING; CARBON 14; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; FUEL FABRICATION PLANTS; RADIATION MONITORING; FUEL REPROCESSING PLANTS; IODINE 129; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; STACK DISPOSAL; RADON 220; RUTHENIUM 106; TRITIUM OXIDES; ALPHA SOURCES; ENVIRONMENT; FUEL ELEMENTS; GASEOUS WASTES; NUCLEAR FUELS; RADIOACTIVE AEROSOLS; SURFACE AIR; TRANSURANIUM ELEMENTS; AEROSOLS; AIR; AIR POLLUTION MONITORS; ALPHA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CARBON ISOTOPES; COLLOIDS; DISPERSIONS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; FLUIDS; FUELS; GASES; HEAVY NUCLEI; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; INTERNAL CONVERSION RADIOISOTOPES; IODINE ISOTOPES; ION SOURCES; ISOTOPES; LABELLED COMPOUNDS; LABORATORY EQUIPMENT; LIGHT NUCLEI; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; MONITORING; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; PARTICLE SOURCES; RADIATION SOURCES; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; RADON ISOTOPES; REACTOR COMPONENTS; REACTOR MATERIALS; RUTHENIUM ISOTOPES; SAMPLERS; SECONDS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; SOLS; TESTING; TRITIUM COMPOUNDS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 500300* - Environment, Atmospheric- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 054000 - Nuclear Fuels- Health & Safety; 440101 - Radiation Instrumentation- General Detectors or Monitors & Radiometric Instruments

Citation Formats

Kordas, J. F., and Phelps, P. L. Review of monitoring instruments for transuranics in fuel fabrication and reprocessing plants. A progress report to the physical and technological programs, Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research, U. S. Energy Research and Development Administration. United States: N. p., 1976. Web. doi:10.2172/7326038.
Kordas, J. F., & Phelps, P. L. Review of monitoring instruments for transuranics in fuel fabrication and reprocessing plants. A progress report to the physical and technological programs, Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research, U. S. Energy Research and Development Administration. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/7326038
Kordas, J. F., and Phelps, P. L. Tue . "Review of monitoring instruments for transuranics in fuel fabrication and reprocessing plants. A progress report to the physical and technological programs, Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research, U. S. Energy Research and Development Administration". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/7326038. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7326038.
@article{osti_7326038,
title = {Review of monitoring instruments for transuranics in fuel fabrication and reprocessing plants. A progress report to the physical and technological programs, Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research, U. S. Energy Research and Development Administration},
author = {Kordas, J. F. and Phelps, P. L.},
abstractNote = {A comprehensive review of the monitoring instruments for transuranic elements released from nuclear fuel fabrication and reprocessing plants has been compiled. The extent of routine operational releases has been reviewed for the light water reactor (LWR) fuel cycle (including plutonium recycle), the breeder reactor fuel cycle, and the high-temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) fuel cycle. The stack monitoring instrumentation presently in use at the various fabrication and reprocessing plants around the country is discussed. Sampling difficulties and the effectiveness of the entire sampling system are reviewed, as are the measurement problems for alpha-emitting, long-lived, transuranic aerosols, /sup 129/I, /sup 106/Ru, and tritium oxide. The potential problems in the HTGR fuel cycle such as the measurement of releases of alpha-emitting aerosols and of gaseous releases of /sup 220/Rn and /sup 14/C are also considered.},
doi = {10.2172/7326038},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/7326038}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1976},
month = {11}
}