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Title: Western forests and air pollution

Abstract

The book addresses the relationships between air pollution in the western United States and trends in the growth and condition of Western coniferous forests. The major atmospheric pollutants to which forest in the region are exposed are sulfur and nitrogen compounds and ozone. The potential effects of atmospheric pollution on these forests include foliar injury, alteration of growth rates and patterns, soil acidification, shifts in species composition, and modification of the effects of natural stresses.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). Environmental Research Lab.
OSTI Identifier:
7277704
Report Number(s):
PB-92-198209/XAB; EPA--600/A-92/140
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: See also PB92-143833 and PB90-131111. Prepared in cooperation with ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc., Corvallis, OR., and Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins. Dept. of Forest and Wood Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; CALIFORNIA; AIR POLLUTION; CONIFERS; SENSITIVITY; FORESTS; PRODUCTIVITY; SOILS; ACIDIFICATION; WASHINGTON; ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION; BIOLOGICAL STRESS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; NITROGEN OXIDES; OZONE; PLANT GROWTH; SULFUR DIOXIDE; CHALCOGENIDES; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; FEDERAL REGION X; GROWTH; MASS TRANSFER; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NORTH AMERICA; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PINOPHYTA; PLANTS; POLLUTION; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; USA 540120* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 540220 -- Environment, Terrestrial-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (1990-); 560300 -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology; 010900 -- Coal, Lignite, & Peat-- Environmental Aspects; 290301 -- Energy Planning & Policy-- Environment, Health, & Safety-- Regional & Global Environmental Aspects-- (1992-)

Citation Formats

Olson, R.K., Binkley, D., and Boehm, M. Western forests and air pollution. United States: N. p., 1992. Web.
Olson, R.K., Binkley, D., & Boehm, M. Western forests and air pollution. United States.
Olson, R.K., Binkley, D., and Boehm, M. 1992. "Western forests and air pollution". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_7277704,
title = {Western forests and air pollution},
author = {Olson, R.K. and Binkley, D. and Boehm, M.},
abstractNote = {The book addresses the relationships between air pollution in the western United States and trends in the growth and condition of Western coniferous forests. The major atmospheric pollutants to which forest in the region are exposed are sulfur and nitrogen compounds and ozone. The potential effects of atmospheric pollution on these forests include foliar injury, alteration of growth rates and patterns, soil acidification, shifts in species composition, and modification of the effects of natural stresses.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1992,
month = 1
}

Technical Report:
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  • The book addresses the relationships between air pollution in the western United States and trends in the growth and condition of western coniferous forests. The West is defined in this case as the eleven conterminous states of California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana. The major atmospheric pollutants to which forests in this region are exposed are sulfur and nitrogen compounds and ozone. Ozone is a secondary pollutant formed by photolytic reactions involving nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons. The potential effects of atmospheric pollution on these forests include foliar injury, alteration of growth rates andmore » patterns, soil acidification, shifts in species composition, and modification of the effects of natural stressors.« less
  • SILVA is a code developed for simulating impacts of SO/sub 2/ pollution on the growth and succession of western coniferous forests. It has been specifically parameterized for application to the ponderosa pine and mixed conifer forests of the Sierra Nevada, California. JABOWA, a code for simulating northeastern USA forests, was used as a framework for SILVA. The following elements are described: sample inputs; code structure; data, dynamic, control and internal variables; sample output, and considerations for setup at the user's computer installation. A listing is provided along with descriptions of all subroutines and functions.
  • SILVA is a computer code developed for simulating impacts of SO/sub 2/ pollution on the growth and succession of western coniferous forests. SILVA has been specifically parameterized for application to the ponderosa pine and mixed conifer forests of the Sierra Nevada, California. JABOWA, a code for simulating northeastern USA forests, was used as a framework for SILVA. This user manual describes sample inputs: code structure; data, dynamic, control, and internal variables; sample output; and considerations for setup at the user's computer installation. A listing of the source program and descriptions of all subroutines and functions are presented.
  • Air pollution and acid rain impacts on living resources are a major source of concern to the US Fish and Wildlife Service and other government agencies charged with the protection of natural resources and the environment. This volume on forest ecosystems is part of a series synthesizing the results of scientific research related to the effects of air pollution and acid deposition on fish and wildlife resources. The first chapter presents an overview of forest ecosystems in the United States and summaries of the effects of air pollutants on forests, the factors that determine the type and degree of effectsmore » to be expected, and the primary research needs. The bulk of the report summarizes the current state-of-knowledge in this problem area. Effects are discussed within the following pollutant categories: photochemical oxidants, particulates, fluorides, and acidifying air pollutants. 179 references, 4 figures, 10 tables.« less
  • An atlas of air quality and deposition data has been compiled to make air pollution data and information more accessible to biologists and ecologists working in western forests. Data from the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Emission Inventory are used to characterize emissions of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides across the West. Maps illustrating location, type, and magnitude of major point source emissions together with pie charts of the percent contribution by source category are presented alphabetically by state. Data from the Environmental Protection Agency databases AIRS and SAROAD are used to characterize ambient levels of sulphur dioxide andmore » ozone for three averaging periods, viz., annual, May through October or growing season, and monthly. Data for 20 sulphur dioxide and 70 ozone sites in or near western forests are presented by state. Biographic information together with standard summary statistics are given for each site.« less