skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Econometric model for age- and population-dependent radiation exposures

Abstract

The economic impact associated with ionizing radiation exposures in a given human population depends on numerous factors including the individual's mean economic status as a function age, the age distribution of the population, the future life expectancy at each age, and the latency period for the occurrence of radiation-induced health effects. A simple mathematical model has been developed that provides an analytical methodology for estimating the societal econometrics associated with radiation effects are to be assessed and compared for economic evaluation.

Authors:
;  [1];
  1. (Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City (United States))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7260358
Report Number(s):
CONF-911107-
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-018X; CODEN: TANSA; TRN: 92-030893
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Transactions of the American Nuclear Society; (United States); Journal Volume: 63; Conference: 1991 Winter meeting of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) session on fundamentals of fusion reactor thermal hydraulics, San Francisco, CA (United States), 10-15 Nov 1991
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; HUMAN POPULATIONS; RADIATION DOSES; ECONOMETRICS; AGE DEPENDENCE; AGE GROUPS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; CUMULATIVE RADIATION EFFECTS; DELAYED RADIATION EFFECTS; DOSE RATES; EDUCATION; IONIZING RADIATIONS; LATENCY PERIOD; LIFE SPAN; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; PROBABILITY; PUBLIC HEALTH; RADIATION HAZARDS; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; USA; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; DOSES; ECONOMICS; HAZARDS; HEALTH HAZARDS; INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS; NORTH AMERICA; POPULATIONS; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATIONS; 560161* - Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology- Man

Citation Formats

Sandquist, G.M., Slaughter, D.M., and Rogers, V.C.. Econometric model for age- and population-dependent radiation exposures. United States: N. p., 1991. Web.
Sandquist, G.M., Slaughter, D.M., & Rogers, V.C.. Econometric model for age- and population-dependent radiation exposures. United States.
Sandquist, G.M., Slaughter, D.M., and Rogers, V.C.. 1991. "Econometric model for age- and population-dependent radiation exposures". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_7260358,
title = {Econometric model for age- and population-dependent radiation exposures},
author = {Sandquist, G.M. and Slaughter, D.M. and Rogers, V.C.},
abstractNote = {The economic impact associated with ionizing radiation exposures in a given human population depends on numerous factors including the individual's mean economic status as a function age, the age distribution of the population, the future life expectancy at each age, and the latency period for the occurrence of radiation-induced health effects. A simple mathematical model has been developed that provides an analytical methodology for estimating the societal econometrics associated with radiation effects are to be assessed and compared for economic evaluation.},
doi = {},
journal = {Transactions of the American Nuclear Society; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 63,
place = {United States},
year = 1991,
month = 1
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • The application of a simple evacuation model to the prediction of expected population exposures following acute releases of activity to the atmosphere is described. The evacuation model of Houston is coupled with a normalized Gaussian dispersion calculation to estimate the time integral of population exposure. The methodology described can be applied to specific sites to determine the expected reduction of population exposures due to evacuation.
  • The concern over possible health risks from exposures to low doses of ionizing radiation has been driven largely by the increase in medical exposures, the routine implementation of X-ray backscatter devices for airport security screening, and, most recently, the nuclear incident in Japan. Due to a paucity of direct epidemiological data at very low doses, cancer risk must be estimated from high dose exposure scenarios. However, there is increasing evidence that low and high dose exposures result in different signaling events and may have different mechanisms of cancer induction. We have examined the radiation induced temporal response of an inmore » vitro three dimensional (3D) human skin tissue model using microarray-based transcriptional profiling. Our data shows that exposure to 100 mGy of X-rays is sufficient to affect gene transcription. Cell type specific analysis showed significant changes in gene expression with the levels of > 1400 genes altered in the dermis and > 400 genes regulated in the epidermis. The two cell types rarely exhibited overlapping responses at the mRNA level. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) measurements validated the microarray data in both regulation direction and value. Key pathways identified relate to cell cycle regulation, immune responses, hypoxia, reactive oxygen signaling, and DNA damage repair. We discuss in particular the role of proliferation and emphasizing how the disregulation of cellular signaling in normal tissue may impact progression towards radiation induced secondary diseases.« less
  • When ships with nuclear reactors or nuclear materials aboard suffer shipwreck or in the case of burial or dumping of radioactive wastes, atmospheric fallout, etc., radionuclides may be released and spread in the sea, contaminating the sea water and the sea bottom. When a nuclear submarine (NS) is dumped this spread of activity may occur due to gradual core destruction by corrosion over many years. The objective of this paper is to develop a mathematical model of radionuclide dispersion and to assess the population dose and radiation risk for radionuclide release from the NS No. 601, with Pb-Bi coolant thatmore » was dumped in the Kara Sea.« less