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Title: Application of electrochemically formed polyazulene to rechargeable lithium battery

Abstract

An electrochemically formed polyazulene(PAz), one of the electroconductive polycyclic hydrocarbons, was studied for its electrochemical properties in order to examine the possibility of utilizing it as a cathode active material of rechargeable lithium battery. The electrode kinetics of PAz film electrode, especially the anion doping-undoping process, were investigated mainly with cyclic voltammetry and FFT impedance method. The cyclic voltammetric results of PAz film showed a highly reversible redox process. Cole-Cole plots for PAz electrode obtained by impedance measurements as a function of doping potential were also found to offer an indication that PAz can be an excellent battery material. The charging-discharging property, and the cyclability of a Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC(propylene carbonate)/PAz battery were then studied as a function of the film thickness of PAz cathode. The charging-discharging behavior of Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC/PAz was also compared with those of Li/LiClO/sub 4/--PC/polypyrrole and Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC/polyaniline batteries, which had been examined earlier. When compared with Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC/polypyrrole or Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC/polyaniline batteries, a Li/LiClO/sub 4//PAz battery showed fully-high and constant discharge voltage (ca. 3.2V), while keeping 100% of coulombic yield. Inspection by SEM showed that the surface condition of PAz film greatly resembled that of polypyrrole, however, a 10 C cm/sup -2/ PAz film was preparedmore » with thicker than polypyrrole formed with the same amount of charge of 10 C cm/sup -2/.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Dept. of Applied Chemistry, School of Science and Engineering, Waseda Univ., Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160 (JP)
OSTI Identifier:
7226265
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
J. Electrochem. Soc.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 134:11
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AZULENE; CHEMICAL PROPERTIES; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; METAL-NONMETAL BATTERIES; CATHODES; ANILINE; CHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; CRYSTAL DOPING; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; LITHIUM; LITHIUM CHLORIDES; PROPYLENE; PYRROLES; REDOX REACTIONS; VOLTAMETRY; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; ALKALI METALS; ALKENES; AMINES; AROMATICS; AZOLES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CHEMISTRY; CHLORIDES; CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELECTRODES; ELEMENTS; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS; HYDROCARBONS; INTEGRAL TRANSFORMATIONS; KINETICS; LITHIUM COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM HALIDES; METALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; REACTION KINETICS; TRANSFORMATIONS; 250903* - Energy Storage- Batteries- Materials, Components, & Auxiliaries; 400201 - Chemical & Physicochemical Properties

Citation Formats

Osaka, T, Naoi, K, and Hirabayashi, T. Application of electrochemically formed polyazulene to rechargeable lithium battery. United States: N. p., 1987. Web. doi:10.1149/1.2100265.
Osaka, T, Naoi, K, & Hirabayashi, T. Application of electrochemically formed polyazulene to rechargeable lithium battery. United States. doi:10.1149/1.2100265.
Osaka, T, Naoi, K, and Hirabayashi, T. Sun . "Application of electrochemically formed polyazulene to rechargeable lithium battery". United States. doi:10.1149/1.2100265.
@article{osti_7226265,
title = {Application of electrochemically formed polyazulene to rechargeable lithium battery},
author = {Osaka, T and Naoi, K and Hirabayashi, T},
abstractNote = {An electrochemically formed polyazulene(PAz), one of the electroconductive polycyclic hydrocarbons, was studied for its electrochemical properties in order to examine the possibility of utilizing it as a cathode active material of rechargeable lithium battery. The electrode kinetics of PAz film electrode, especially the anion doping-undoping process, were investigated mainly with cyclic voltammetry and FFT impedance method. The cyclic voltammetric results of PAz film showed a highly reversible redox process. Cole-Cole plots for PAz electrode obtained by impedance measurements as a function of doping potential were also found to offer an indication that PAz can be an excellent battery material. The charging-discharging property, and the cyclability of a Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC(propylene carbonate)/PAz battery were then studied as a function of the film thickness of PAz cathode. The charging-discharging behavior of Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC/PAz was also compared with those of Li/LiClO/sub 4/--PC/polypyrrole and Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC/polyaniline batteries, which had been examined earlier. When compared with Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC/polypyrrole or Li/LiClO/sub 4/-PC/polyaniline batteries, a Li/LiClO/sub 4//PAz battery showed fully-high and constant discharge voltage (ca. 3.2V), while keeping 100% of coulombic yield. Inspection by SEM showed that the surface condition of PAz film greatly resembled that of polypyrrole, however, a 10 C cm/sup -2/ PAz film was prepared with thicker than polypyrrole formed with the same amount of charge of 10 C cm/sup -2/.},
doi = {10.1149/1.2100265},
journal = {J. Electrochem. Soc.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 134:11,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {11}
}