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Title: Luminous efficacy models and their application for calculation of photosynthetically active radiation

Abstract

From a spectral radiative transfer model, an algorithm is developed for the conversion of illuminance to different measures of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) (in W m[sup [minus]2] or in [mu]Em[sup [minus]2]s[sup [minus]1]). This illuminance to PAR conversion may even be used in combination with a luminous efficacy model and, thus, form a photosynthetic efficacy model. In this work, two luminous efficacy models are chosen, one empirical and one derived from the above radiative transfer model. Observed PAR energy flux and PAR photon flux from seven Nordic stations (56-70[degrees]N) and illuminance from one U.S. station (43[degrees]N) are, together with observed all-wave solar irradiance from all stations, used for verification. Observed and modelled luminous efficacies agree on the average within 1% at high solar elevation under cloudless sky, while it is indicated that the illuminance, PAR energy flux, and PAR photon flux radiometers are mutually inconsistent by some 6-16%. Even differences in cosine response between radiometer types are apparent at low solar elevation under cloudless sky. In the present climates, the global radiation efficacy is 10-12% higher under an average cloudless atmosphere than it is outside the atmosphere. By introducing an average cloud deck in this cloudless atmosphere, a further efficacy increase,more » slightly exceeding these 10-12%, is observed. However, observations indicate that the cloud transmittance algorithm used in the radiative transfer model significantly overestimates the global radiation efficacy increase caused by horizontally inhomogeneous cloud decks.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. (Univ. of Bergen (Norway) Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Olso (Norway))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7111100
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Solar Energy (Journal of Solar Energy Science and Engineering); (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52:5; Journal ID: ISSN 0038-092X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; ILLUMINANCE; CORRELATIONS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; EFFICIENCY; SOLAR RADIATION; SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CONVERSION; ENERGY CONVERSION; PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS; RADIATIONS; STELLAR RADIATION; SYNTHESIS; 140100* - Solar Energy- Resources & Availability; 140500 - Solar Energy Conversion

Citation Formats

Skartveit, A., and Olseth, J.A. Luminous efficacy models and their application for calculation of photosynthetically active radiation. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.1016/0038-092X(94)90116-J.
Skartveit, A., & Olseth, J.A. Luminous efficacy models and their application for calculation of photosynthetically active radiation. United States. doi:10.1016/0038-092X(94)90116-J.
Skartveit, A., and Olseth, J.A. Sun . "Luminous efficacy models and their application for calculation of photosynthetically active radiation". United States. doi:10.1016/0038-092X(94)90116-J.
@article{osti_7111100,
title = {Luminous efficacy models and their application for calculation of photosynthetically active radiation},
author = {Skartveit, A. and Olseth, J.A.},
abstractNote = {From a spectral radiative transfer model, an algorithm is developed for the conversion of illuminance to different measures of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) (in W m[sup [minus]2] or in [mu]Em[sup [minus]2]s[sup [minus]1]). This illuminance to PAR conversion may even be used in combination with a luminous efficacy model and, thus, form a photosynthetic efficacy model. In this work, two luminous efficacy models are chosen, one empirical and one derived from the above radiative transfer model. Observed PAR energy flux and PAR photon flux from seven Nordic stations (56-70[degrees]N) and illuminance from one U.S. station (43[degrees]N) are, together with observed all-wave solar irradiance from all stations, used for verification. Observed and modelled luminous efficacies agree on the average within 1% at high solar elevation under cloudless sky, while it is indicated that the illuminance, PAR energy flux, and PAR photon flux radiometers are mutually inconsistent by some 6-16%. Even differences in cosine response between radiometer types are apparent at low solar elevation under cloudless sky. In the present climates, the global radiation efficacy is 10-12% higher under an average cloudless atmosphere than it is outside the atmosphere. By introducing an average cloud deck in this cloudless atmosphere, a further efficacy increase, slightly exceeding these 10-12%, is observed. However, observations indicate that the cloud transmittance algorithm used in the radiative transfer model significantly overestimates the global radiation efficacy increase caused by horizontally inhomogeneous cloud decks.},
doi = {10.1016/0038-092X(94)90116-J},
journal = {Solar Energy (Journal of Solar Energy Science and Engineering); (United States)},
issn = {0038-092X},
number = ,
volume = 52:5,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {5}
}