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Title: Growth response of four species of Eastern hardwood tree seedlings exposed to ozone, acidic precipitation, and sulfur dioxide. [Prunus serotina, Acer rubrum, Quercus rubra, Liriodendron tulipifera]

Abstract

In 1987 a study was conducted in controlled environment chambers to determine the foliar sensitivity of tree seedlings of eight species to ozone and acidic precipitation, and to determine the influence of leaf position on symptom severity. Jensen and Dochinger conducted concurrent similar studies in Continuously Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) chambers with ten species of forest trees. Based on the results of these initial studies, four species representing a range in foliar sensitivity to ozone were chosen: black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.), red maple (Acer rubrum L.), northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) and yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.). These species were also chosen because of their ecological and/or commercial importance in Pennsylvania. Seedlings were exposed in growth chambers simulated acid rain. In addition acute exposures to sulfur dioxide were conducted in a regime based on unpublished monitoring data collected near coal-fired power plants. The objective of this study was to determine if the pollutant treatments influenced the growth and productivity of seedlings of these four species. This information will help researchers and foresters understand the role of air pollution in productivity of eastern forests.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park (United States))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
7044709
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association; (United States); Journal Volume: 42:3
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; POLLUTANTS; TOXICITY; TREES; PLANT GROWTH; ACID RAIN; ACUTE EXPOSURE; AIR POLLUTION; CHERRIES; EXPOSURE CHAMBERS; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; MAPLES; OAKS; OZONE; PENNSYLVANIA; POPLARS; PRODUCTIVITY; SEEDLINGS; SULFUR DIOXIDE; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; CHALCOGENIDES; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; FOOD; FRUITS; GROWTH; MAGNOLIOPHYTA; MAGNOLIOPSIDA; NORTH AMERICA; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; POLLUTION; POWER PLANTS; RAIN; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; USA; 560300* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology; 010900 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects; 540120 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Davis, D.D. Skelly, J.M.. Growth response of four species of Eastern hardwood tree seedlings exposed to ozone, acidic precipitation, and sulfur dioxide. [Prunus serotina, Acer rubrum, Quercus rubra, Liriodendron tulipifera]. United States: N. p., 1992. Web. doi:10.1080/10473289.1992.10466995.
Davis, D.D. Skelly, J.M.. Growth response of four species of Eastern hardwood tree seedlings exposed to ozone, acidic precipitation, and sulfur dioxide. [Prunus serotina, Acer rubrum, Quercus rubra, Liriodendron tulipifera]. United States. doi:10.1080/10473289.1992.10466995.
Davis, D.D. Skelly, J.M.. Sun . "Growth response of four species of Eastern hardwood tree seedlings exposed to ozone, acidic precipitation, and sulfur dioxide. [Prunus serotina, Acer rubrum, Quercus rubra, Liriodendron tulipifera]". United States. doi:10.1080/10473289.1992.10466995.
@article{osti_7044709,
title = {Growth response of four species of Eastern hardwood tree seedlings exposed to ozone, acidic precipitation, and sulfur dioxide. [Prunus serotina, Acer rubrum, Quercus rubra, Liriodendron tulipifera]},
author = {Davis, D.D. Skelly, J.M.},
abstractNote = {In 1987 a study was conducted in controlled environment chambers to determine the foliar sensitivity of tree seedlings of eight species to ozone and acidic precipitation, and to determine the influence of leaf position on symptom severity. Jensen and Dochinger conducted concurrent similar studies in Continuously Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) chambers with ten species of forest trees. Based on the results of these initial studies, four species representing a range in foliar sensitivity to ozone were chosen: black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.), red maple (Acer rubrum L.), northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) and yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.). These species were also chosen because of their ecological and/or commercial importance in Pennsylvania. Seedlings were exposed in growth chambers simulated acid rain. In addition acute exposures to sulfur dioxide were conducted in a regime based on unpublished monitoring data collected near coal-fired power plants. The objective of this study was to determine if the pollutant treatments influenced the growth and productivity of seedlings of these four species. This information will help researchers and foresters understand the role of air pollution in productivity of eastern forests.},
doi = {10.1080/10473289.1992.10466995},
journal = {Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 42:3,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 1992},
month = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 1992}
}