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Title: Evaluating sources of indoor air pollution

Abstract

This paper discusses a three-phase approach, employing environmental chambers, indoor air quality (IAQ) models, and test-house experiments, that is effective in linking sources of indoor pollutants to measured concentrations. Emission factors developed in test chambers can be used to evaluate full-scale indoor environments. A PC-based IAQ model has been developed that can accurately predict indoor concentrations of specific pollutants under controlled conditions in a test house. The model is also useful in examining the effect of pollutant sinks and variations in ventilation parameters. Pollutants were examined from: (1) para-dichloro-benzene emissions from moth crystal cakes; and, (2) particulate emissions from unvented kerosene heaters. However, the approach has not been validated for other source types, including solvent based materials and aerosol products.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (USA). Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
OSTI Identifier:
6958394
Report Number(s):
PB-88-211685/XAB; EPA-600/D-88/086
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; INDOOR AIR POLLUTION; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; POLLUTION SOURCES; AIR QUALITY; INSECTICIDES; KEROSENE; PARTICLES; AIR POLLUTION; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; FUELS; LIQUID FUELS; PESTICIDES; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; POLLUTION 500200* -- Environment, Atmospheric-- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport-- (-1989)

Citation Formats

Tichenor, B.A., Sparks, L.E., White, J.B., and Jackson, M.D. Evaluating sources of indoor air pollution. United States: N. p., 1988. Web.
Tichenor, B.A., Sparks, L.E., White, J.B., & Jackson, M.D. Evaluating sources of indoor air pollution. United States.
Tichenor, B.A., Sparks, L.E., White, J.B., and Jackson, M.D. 1988. "Evaluating sources of indoor air pollution". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6958394,
title = {Evaluating sources of indoor air pollution},
author = {Tichenor, B.A. and Sparks, L.E. and White, J.B. and Jackson, M.D.},
abstractNote = {This paper discusses a three-phase approach, employing environmental chambers, indoor air quality (IAQ) models, and test-house experiments, that is effective in linking sources of indoor pollutants to measured concentrations. Emission factors developed in test chambers can be used to evaluate full-scale indoor environments. A PC-based IAQ model has been developed that can accurately predict indoor concentrations of specific pollutants under controlled conditions in a test house. The model is also useful in examining the effect of pollutant sinks and variations in ventilation parameters. Pollutants were examined from: (1) para-dichloro-benzene emissions from moth crystal cakes; and, (2) particulate emissions from unvented kerosene heaters. However, the approach has not been validated for other source types, including solvent based materials and aerosol products.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1988,
month = 5
}

Technical Report:
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  • The article discusses a three-phase approach, employing environmental chambers, indoor air quality (IAQ) models, and test house experiments, that is effective in linking sources of indoor pollutants to measured concentrations. Emission factors developed in test chambers can be used to evaluate full-scale indoor environments. A PC-based IAQ model has been developed that can accurately predict indoor concentrations of specific pollutants under controlled conditions in a test house. The model is also useful in examining the effect of pollutant sinks and variations in ventilation parameters. Pollutants were examined from: para-dichlorobenzene emissions from moth crystal cakes, and particulate emissions from unvented kerosenemore » heaters. However, the approach has not been validated for other source types.« less
  • The paper discusses a series of documents being developed by the U.S. EPA, summarizing available information on building materials and products brought into homes and office buildings as potential sources of indoor air pollution. The documents will provide a complete list of materials as potential indoor air pollution sources and, where data are available, each source's relative importance for further research, and basic information for architects, building contractors, and homeowners to use in making informed decisions about materials and their potential impact on indoor air quality. Little effort has been made to systematically identify potential indoor air pollution sources andmore » summarize and evaluate existing relevant data. The EPA effort addresses that need.« less
  • The bibliography contains citations concerning indoor air pollution in residential, commercial, industrial, and institutional buildings. Indoor air quality assessment, health hazard evaluation, and contaminant identification and measurement are discussed. Indoor air pollution control methods and equipment are evaluated. Air quality analyses of energy efficient buildings are presented. Indoor air pollution from radon and asbestos are discussed in other bibliographies. (Contains 164 citations with a title list and subject index.)
  • The bibliography contains citations concerning indoor air pollution in residential, commercial, industrial, and institutional buildings. Indoor air quality assessment, health hazard evaluation, and contaminant identification and measurement are discussed. Indoor air pollution control methods and equipment are evaluated. Air quality analyses of energy efficient buildings are presented. Indoor air pollution from radon and asbestos are discussed in other bibliographies. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)
  • This bibliography contains citations concerning indoor air pollution in residential, commercial, industrial, and institutional buildings. Indoor air quality assessment, health hazard evaluation, contaminant identification and measurement are discussed. Indoor-air-pollution control methods and equipment are evaluated. Air-quality analyses of energy-efficient buildings are presented. Indoor air pollution from radon and asbestos are discussed in other bibliographies. (This updated bibliography contains 299 citations, none of which are new entries to the previous edition.)