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Title: Sources of tritium

Abstract

A review of tritium sources is presented. The tritium production and release rates are discussed for light water reactors (LWRs), heavy water reactors (HWRs), high temperature gas cooled reactors (HTGRs), liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs), and molten salt breeder reactors (MSBRs). In addition, release rates are discussed for tritium production facilities, fuel reprocessing plants, weapons detonations, and fusion reactors. A discussion of the chemical form of the release is included. The energy producing facilities are ranked in order of increasing tritium production and release. The ranking is: HTGRs, LWRs, LMFBRs, MSBRs, and HWRs. The majority of tritium has been released in the form of tritiated water.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6867774
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6867774
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-6402
TRN: 81-000931
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-26
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; TRITIUM; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; POLLUTION SOURCES; BREEDER REACTORS; DATA COMPILATION; GAS COOLED REACTORS; LIQUID METAL COOLED REACTORS; MOLTEN SALT REACTORS; NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVES; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; WATER COOLED REACTORS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; DATA; EXPLOSIVES; HYDROGEN ISOTOPES; INFORMATION; ISOTOPES; LIGHT NUCLEI; MATERIALS; NUCLEI; NUMERICAL DATA; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTORS; WASTES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES 220500* -- Nuclear Reactor Technology-- Environmental Aspects; 053000 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Environmental Aspects

Citation Formats

Phillips, J.E., and Easterly, C.E. Sources of tritium. United States: N. p., 1980. Web. doi:10.2172/6867774.
Phillips, J.E., & Easterly, C.E. Sources of tritium. United States. doi:10.2172/6867774.
Phillips, J.E., and Easterly, C.E. Mon . "Sources of tritium". United States. doi:10.2172/6867774. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6867774.
@article{osti_6867774,
title = {Sources of tritium},
author = {Phillips, J.E. and Easterly, C.E.},
abstractNote = {A review of tritium sources is presented. The tritium production and release rates are discussed for light water reactors (LWRs), heavy water reactors (HWRs), high temperature gas cooled reactors (HTGRs), liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs), and molten salt breeder reactors (MSBRs). In addition, release rates are discussed for tritium production facilities, fuel reprocessing plants, weapons detonations, and fusion reactors. A discussion of the chemical form of the release is included. The energy producing facilities are ranked in order of increasing tritium production and release. The ranking is: HTGRs, LWRs, LMFBRs, MSBRs, and HWRs. The majority of tritium has been released in the form of tritiated water.},
doi = {10.2172/6867774},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1980},
month = {12}
}