skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Recovery of plutonium from nitric acid waste

Abstract

Seven candidate materials, each contained in a static-bed column, have been evaluated for removing plutonium from nitric acid waste. Three materials have insufficient capacity for plutonium: TBP (tri-n-butylphosphate) sorbed on Amberlite XAD-4 resin, O phi D(IB)CMPO (octylphenyl-N, N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide) sorbed on XAD-4, and Amberlite IRA-938 anion exchange resin. The remaining four materials reduced 10/sup -3/ g/l plutonium in 7.2M HNO/sub 3/ to low 10/sup -5/ g/l for 80 bed volumes (BV). The 10% breakthrough capacities for 3 x 10/sup -2/ g/l plutonium are: TOPO (tri-n-octylphosphine oxide) on XAD-4 - 1800 BV, DHDECMP (dihexyl-N, N-diethylcarbamoylmethylphosphonate) on XAD-4 - 960 BV, Dowex 1 x 4 - 840 BV, and DHDECMP + TBP - 640 BV. Based on these results and generally poor elution of all materials, TOPO on XAD-4 is recommended as the best candidate for recovery of plutonium followed by acid digestion or combustion of the TOPO to recover the concentrated plutonium.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Rockwell International Corp., Golden, CO (USA). Rocky Flats Plant
OSTI Identifier:
6606080
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6606080; Legacy ID: DE87009471
Report Number(s):
RFP-4009
ON: DE87009471
DOE Contract Number:
AC04-76DP03533
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products. Original copy available until stock is exhausted
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; PLUTONIUM; RECOVERY; DHDECMP; EXTRACTION CHROMATOGRAPHY; NITRIC ACID; RESINS; ROCKY FLATS PLANT; TBP; TOPO; ACTINIDES; BUTYL PHOSPHATES; CHROMATOGRAPHY; ELEMENTS; ESTERS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INORGANIC ACIDS; METALS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC POLYMERS; PETROCHEMICALS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; PHOSPHONIC ACID ESTERS; PHOSPHORIC ACID ESTERS; POLYMERS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; TRANSURANIUM ELEMENTS; US AEC; US DOE; US ERDA; US ORGANIZATIONS 400105* -- Separation Procedures

Citation Formats

Muscatello, A.C., Saba, M.T., and Navratil, J.D. Recovery of plutonium from nitric acid waste. United States: N. p., 1986. Web.
Muscatello, A.C., Saba, M.T., & Navratil, J.D. Recovery of plutonium from nitric acid waste. United States.
Muscatello, A.C., Saba, M.T., and Navratil, J.D. Sun . "Recovery of plutonium from nitric acid waste". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6606080,
title = {Recovery of plutonium from nitric acid waste},
author = {Muscatello, A.C. and Saba, M.T. and Navratil, J.D.},
abstractNote = {Seven candidate materials, each contained in a static-bed column, have been evaluated for removing plutonium from nitric acid waste. Three materials have insufficient capacity for plutonium: TBP (tri-n-butylphosphate) sorbed on Amberlite XAD-4 resin, O phi D(IB)CMPO (octylphenyl-N, N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide) sorbed on XAD-4, and Amberlite IRA-938 anion exchange resin. The remaining four materials reduced 10/sup -3/ g/l plutonium in 7.2M HNO/sub 3/ to low 10/sup -5/ g/l for 80 bed volumes (BV). The 10% breakthrough capacities for 3 x 10/sup -2/ g/l plutonium are: TOPO (tri-n-octylphosphine oxide) on XAD-4 - 1800 BV, DHDECMP (dihexyl-N, N-diethylcarbamoylmethylphosphonate) on XAD-4 - 960 BV, Dowex 1 x 4 - 840 BV, and DHDECMP + TBP - 640 BV. Based on these results and generally poor elution of all materials, TOPO on XAD-4 is recommended as the best candidate for recovery of plutonium followed by acid digestion or combustion of the TOPO to recover the concentrated plutonium.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Dec 21 00:00:00 EST 1986},
month = {Sun Dec 21 00:00:00 EST 1986}
}

Technical Report:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that may hold this item. Keep in mind that many technical reports are not cataloged in WorldCat.

Save / Share: