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Title: Experimental evidence for a liquid-gas phase transition in nuclear systems

Abstract

At certain combinations of temperature and density, nuclear matter may exist as a liquid-gas mixture exhibiting phase instabilities, a characteristic signature of which may be found in the emission of intermediate-mass fragments in nuclear collisions. The present analysis of fragment distributions from proton-- and heavy-ion--induced reactions, in the framework of a theory of condensation, is suggestive of the occurrence of such phase transitions with a critical exponent kapprox.1.7 and a critical temperature T/sub C/approx.12 MeV.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 and Department of Physics, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
OSTI Identifier:
6583525
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6583525
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Phys. Rev. Lett.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52:7
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; NUCLEAR MATTER; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION; CRITICAL TEMPERATURE; ENERGY SPECTRA; FRAGMENTATION; GASES; GEV RANGE 01-10; GLUONS; GOLD; KRYPTON; LIQUIDS; MEV RANGE 100-1000; NEUTRON STARS; PROBABILITY; PROTON REACTIONS; QUARKS; SILVER; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; URANIUM; XENON; ACTINIDES; BARYON REACTIONS; CHARGED-PARTICLE REACTIONS; DISTRIBUTION; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; ELEMENTS; ENERGY RANGE; FLUIDS; GEV RANGE; HADRON REACTIONS; MATTER; METALS; MEV RANGE; NONMETALS; NUCLEAR REACTIONS; NUCLEON REACTIONS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; POSTULATED PARTICLES; RARE GASES; SPECTRA; STARS; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE 653002* -- Nuclear Theory-- Nuclear Matter; 640102 -- Astrophysics & Cosmology-- Stars & Quasi-Stellar, Radio & X-Ray Sources

Citation Formats

Panagiotou, A.D., Curtin, M.W., Toki, H., Scott, D.K., and Siemens, P.J. Experimental evidence for a liquid-gas phase transition in nuclear systems. United States: N. p., 1984. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.52.496.
Panagiotou, A.D., Curtin, M.W., Toki, H., Scott, D.K., & Siemens, P.J. Experimental evidence for a liquid-gas phase transition in nuclear systems. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.52.496.
Panagiotou, A.D., Curtin, M.W., Toki, H., Scott, D.K., and Siemens, P.J. Mon . "Experimental evidence for a liquid-gas phase transition in nuclear systems". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.52.496.
@article{osti_6583525,
title = {Experimental evidence for a liquid-gas phase transition in nuclear systems},
author = {Panagiotou, A.D. and Curtin, M.W. and Toki, H. and Scott, D.K. and Siemens, P.J.},
abstractNote = {At certain combinations of temperature and density, nuclear matter may exist as a liquid-gas mixture exhibiting phase instabilities, a characteristic signature of which may be found in the emission of intermediate-mass fragments in nuclear collisions. The present analysis of fragment distributions from proton-- and heavy-ion--induced reactions, in the framework of a theory of condensation, is suggestive of the occurrence of such phase transitions with a critical exponent kapprox.1.7 and a critical temperature T/sub C/approx.12 MeV.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.52.496},
journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 52:7,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {2}
}