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Title: Control of triacylglycerol biosynthesis in plants

Abstract

Seeds of most species of the Umbelliferae (Apiaciae), Araliaceae, and Garryaceae families are characterized by their high content of the unusual C[sub 18] monounsaturated fatty acid petroselinic acid (18:l[Delta][sup 6cis]). Prior to a recent report of this lab, little was known of the biosynthetic origin of the cis[Delta][sup 6] double bond of petroselinic acid. Such knowledge may be of both biochemical and biotechnological significance. Because petroselinic acid is potentially the product of a novel desaturase, information regarding its synthesis may contribute to an understanding of fatty acid desaturation mechanisms in plants. Through chemical cleavage at its double bond, petroselinic acid can be used as a precursor of lauric acid (12:0), a component of detergents and surfactants, and adipic acid (6:0 dicarboxylic), the monomeric component of nylon 6,6. Therefore, the development of an agronomic source of an oil rich in petroselinic acid is of biotechnological interest. As such, studies of petroselinic acid biosynthesis may provide basic information required for any attempt to genetically engineer the production and accumulation of this fatty acid in an existing oilseed.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
6573166
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6573166; Legacy ID: DE93013973
Report Number(s):
DOE/ER/13729-5
ON: DE93013973
DOE Contract Number:
FG02-87ER13729
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; TRIGLYCERIDES; ANABOLISM; BIOLOGICAL PATHWAYS; CARBON 14 COMPOUNDS; CARROTS; LECITHINS; VEGETABLE OILS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; ESTERS; FOOD; LABELLED COMPOUNDS; LIPIDS; MAGNOLIOPHYTA; MAGNOLIOPSIDA; METABOLISM; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; PLANTS; VEGETABLES 550200* -- Biochemistry; 550500 -- Metabolism; 090800 -- Biomass Fuels-- Production-- (1990-); 553000 -- Agriculture & Food Technology

Citation Formats

Not Available. Control of triacylglycerol biosynthesis in plants. United States: N. p., 1993. Web. doi:10.2172/6573166.
Not Available. Control of triacylglycerol biosynthesis in plants. United States. doi:10.2172/6573166.
Not Available. Sun . "Control of triacylglycerol biosynthesis in plants". United States. doi:10.2172/6573166. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6573166.
@article{osti_6573166,
title = {Control of triacylglycerol biosynthesis in plants},
author = {Not Available},
abstractNote = {Seeds of most species of the Umbelliferae (Apiaciae), Araliaceae, and Garryaceae families are characterized by their high content of the unusual C[sub 18] monounsaturated fatty acid petroselinic acid (18:l[Delta][sup 6cis]). Prior to a recent report of this lab, little was known of the biosynthetic origin of the cis[Delta][sup 6] double bond of petroselinic acid. Such knowledge may be of both biochemical and biotechnological significance. Because petroselinic acid is potentially the product of a novel desaturase, information regarding its synthesis may contribute to an understanding of fatty acid desaturation mechanisms in plants. Through chemical cleavage at its double bond, petroselinic acid can be used as a precursor of lauric acid (12:0), a component of detergents and surfactants, and adipic acid (6:0 dicarboxylic), the monomeric component of nylon 6,6. Therefore, the development of an agronomic source of an oil rich in petroselinic acid is of biotechnological interest. As such, studies of petroselinic acid biosynthesis may provide basic information required for any attempt to genetically engineer the production and accumulation of this fatty acid in an existing oilseed.},
doi = {10.2172/6573166},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 31 00:00:00 EST 1993},
month = {Sun Jan 31 00:00:00 EST 1993}
}

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