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Title: Design report small-scale fuel alcohol plant. Volume II. Detailed construction information

Abstract

The objectives of the report are to (a) provide potential alcohol producers with a reference design and (b) provide a complete, demonstrated design of a small-scale fuel alcohol plant. This report describes a small-scale fuel alcohol plant designed and constructed for the DOE by EG and G Idaho, Inc., an operating contractor at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The plant is reasonably complete, having the capability for feedstock preparation, cooking, saccharification, fermentation, distillation, by-product dewatering, and process steam generation. An interesting feature is an instrumentation and control system designed to allow the plant to run 24 hours per day with only four hours of operator attention. Where possible, this document follows the design requirements established in the DOE publication Fuel From Farms, which was published in February 1980. For instance, critical requirements such as using corn as the primary feedstock, production of 25 gallons of 190 proof ethanol per hour, and using batch fermentation were taken from Fuel From Farms. One significant deviation is alcohol dehydration. Fuel From Farms recommends the use of a molecular sieve for dehydration, but a preliminary design raised significant questions about the cost effectiveness of this approach. A cost trade-off study is currently under waymore » to establish the best alcohol dehydration method and will be the subject of a later report. Volume two includes equipment and instrumentation data sheets, instrument loop wiring diagrams, and vendor lists.« less

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6534825
Report Number(s):
IDO-10088(Vol.2)
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-76ID01570
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 42 ENGINEERING; BIOMASS CONVERSION PLANTS; DESIGN; EQUIPMENT; CONSTRUCTION; DIAGRAMS; DISTILLATION; ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS; ETHANOL; FERMENTATION; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HEAT TREATMENTS; IDAHO; MAIZE; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; MICROPROCESSORS; PROCESS CONTROL; PRODUCTION; PUMPS; SPECIFICATIONS; TANKS; VALVES; ALCOHOLS; BIOCONVERSION; CEREALS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; COMPUTERS; CONTAINERS; CONTROL; CONTROL EQUIPMENT; DECOMPOSITION; ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS; FLOW REGULATORS; GRAMINEAE; GRASS; HYDROLYSIS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; LYSIS; MICROELECTRONIC CIRCUITS; NORTH AMERICA; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PACIFIC NORTHWEST REGION; PLANTS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLVOLYSIS; USA; 140504* - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989); 090222 - Alcohol Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989); 420200 - Engineering- Facilities, Equipment, & Techniques

Citation Formats

Not Available. Design report small-scale fuel alcohol plant. Volume II. Detailed construction information. United States: N. p., 1980. Web.
Not Available. Design report small-scale fuel alcohol plant. Volume II. Detailed construction information. United States.
Not Available. Mon . "Design report small-scale fuel alcohol plant. Volume II. Detailed construction information". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6534825,
title = {Design report small-scale fuel alcohol plant. Volume II. Detailed construction information},
author = {Not Available},
abstractNote = {The objectives of the report are to (a) provide potential alcohol producers with a reference design and (b) provide a complete, demonstrated design of a small-scale fuel alcohol plant. This report describes a small-scale fuel alcohol plant designed and constructed for the DOE by EG and G Idaho, Inc., an operating contractor at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The plant is reasonably complete, having the capability for feedstock preparation, cooking, saccharification, fermentation, distillation, by-product dewatering, and process steam generation. An interesting feature is an instrumentation and control system designed to allow the plant to run 24 hours per day with only four hours of operator attention. Where possible, this document follows the design requirements established in the DOE publication Fuel From Farms, which was published in February 1980. For instance, critical requirements such as using corn as the primary feedstock, production of 25 gallons of 190 proof ethanol per hour, and using batch fermentation were taken from Fuel From Farms. One significant deviation is alcohol dehydration. Fuel From Farms recommends the use of a molecular sieve for dehydration, but a preliminary design raised significant questions about the cost effectiveness of this approach. A cost trade-off study is currently under way to establish the best alcohol dehydration method and will be the subject of a later report. Volume two includes equipment and instrumentation data sheets, instrument loop wiring diagrams, and vendor lists.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1980},
month = {Mon Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1980}
}

Technical Report:
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