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Title: Effects of magnetic storm phases on f-layer irregularities from auroral to equatorial latitudes. Quarterly report, 1 January-31 March 1993

Abstract

Equatorial ionospheric irregularities in the F layer have been the subject of intensive experimental and theoretical investigations during recent years. The class of irregularities which continues to receive much attention is characterized by large scale plasma depletions, generally referred to as ionospheric plumes and bubbles. The F-region nightglow emissions arising from recombination processes can be used to observe the dynamics of transequatorial ionospheric plasma bubbles and smaller scale plasma irregularities. In a collaborative project between the Center for Space Physics of Boston University and the Brazilian Institute for Space Research (INPE), an all-sky imaging system was operated at Cachoeira Paulista (22.7 deg S, 45.0 deg W, dip latitude 15.8 deg S), between March 1987 and October 1991. In addition to the imager, photometer and VHF polarimeter observations were conducted at Cachoeira Paulista with ionospheric soundings carried out at C. Paulista and Fortaleza, the latter at 3.9 deg S. 38.4 deg W, dip latitude 3.7 deg S. A VHF electronic polarimeter is in operation at C. Paulista. This long series of 01 630.0 nm imaging observations has permitted determination that when there are extended plumes, the altitudes affected over the magnetic equator often exceed 1500 km and probably exceed 2500 kmmore » at times, the maximum projection that can be seen from Cachoeira Paulista. This holds true even during years of low solar flux. For this longitude, the observed seasonal variation of the airglow depletions shows a maximum from October through March and a very low occurrence of airglow depletions from April through September.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Space Physics
OSTI Identifier:
6436013
Report Number(s):
AD-A-264908/5/XAB
CNN: N00014-89-J-1754
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DISTURBANCES; SEASONAL VARIATIONS; F REGION; MAGNETIC STORMS; LATITUDE EFFECT; AIRGLOW; AURORAL ZONES; GEOMAGNETIC EQUATOR; IONOSPHERIC STORMS; PROGRESS REPORT; SOLAR FLUX; DOCUMENT TYPES; EARTH ATMOSPHERE; GEOGRAPHICAL VARIATIONS; IONOSPHERE; PLANETARY IONOSPHERES; VARIATIONS; 661320* - Auroral, Ionospheric, & Magnetospheric Phenomena- (1992-)

Citation Formats

Aarons, J, and Mendillo, M. Effects of magnetic storm phases on f-layer irregularities from auroral to equatorial latitudes. Quarterly report, 1 January-31 March 1993. United States: N. p., 1993. Web.
Aarons, J, & Mendillo, M. Effects of magnetic storm phases on f-layer irregularities from auroral to equatorial latitudes. Quarterly report, 1 January-31 March 1993. United States.
Aarons, J, and Mendillo, M. Wed . "Effects of magnetic storm phases on f-layer irregularities from auroral to equatorial latitudes. Quarterly report, 1 January-31 March 1993". United States.
@article{osti_6436013,
title = {Effects of magnetic storm phases on f-layer irregularities from auroral to equatorial latitudes. Quarterly report, 1 January-31 March 1993},
author = {Aarons, J and Mendillo, M},
abstractNote = {Equatorial ionospheric irregularities in the F layer have been the subject of intensive experimental and theoretical investigations during recent years. The class of irregularities which continues to receive much attention is characterized by large scale plasma depletions, generally referred to as ionospheric plumes and bubbles. The F-region nightglow emissions arising from recombination processes can be used to observe the dynamics of transequatorial ionospheric plasma bubbles and smaller scale plasma irregularities. In a collaborative project between the Center for Space Physics of Boston University and the Brazilian Institute for Space Research (INPE), an all-sky imaging system was operated at Cachoeira Paulista (22.7 deg S, 45.0 deg W, dip latitude 15.8 deg S), between March 1987 and October 1991. In addition to the imager, photometer and VHF polarimeter observations were conducted at Cachoeira Paulista with ionospheric soundings carried out at C. Paulista and Fortaleza, the latter at 3.9 deg S. 38.4 deg W, dip latitude 3.7 deg S. A VHF electronic polarimeter is in operation at C. Paulista. This long series of 01 630.0 nm imaging observations has permitted determination that when there are extended plumes, the altitudes affected over the magnetic equator often exceed 1500 km and probably exceed 2500 km at times, the maximum projection that can be seen from Cachoeira Paulista. This holds true even during years of low solar flux. For this longitude, the observed seasonal variation of the airglow depletions shows a maximum from October through March and a very low occurrence of airglow depletions from April through September.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1993},
month = {3}
}

Technical Report:
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