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Title: SP-100 space reactor safety

Abstract

The SP-100 space reactor power system is being developed to meet the large electrical power requirements of civilian and military missions planned for the 1990's and beyond. It will remove the restrictions on electrical power generation that have tended to limit missions and will enable the fuller exploration and utilization of space. This booklet describes the SP-100 space reactor power system and its development. Particular emphasis is given to safety. The design aand operational features as well as the design and safety review process that will assure that the SP-100 can be launched nd operated safely are described.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy, Washington, DC
OSTI Identifier:
6434038
Report Number(s):
DOE/NE-0083
ON: TI87011824
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Portions of this document are illegible in microfiche products
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; SPACE POWER REACTORS; REACTOR SAFETY; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; SPACE VEHICLES; POWER SYSTEMS; DESIGN; LIQUID METAL COOLED REACTORS; QUALITY ASSURANCE; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; REACTOR OPERATION; REACTOR START-UP; RELIABILITY; SAFEGUARDS; SPECIFICATIONS; ACCIDENTS; ENERGY SYSTEMS; MOBILE REACTORS; OPERATION; POWER REACTORS; REACTORS; SAFETY; START-UP; VEHICLES; NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems; 220900* - Nuclear Reactor Technology- Reactor Safety; 210600 - Power Reactors, Auxiliary, Mobile Package, & Transportable

Citation Formats

Not Available. SP-100 space reactor safety. United States: N. p., 1987. Web. doi:10.2172/6434038.
Not Available. SP-100 space reactor safety. United States. doi:10.2172/6434038.
Not Available. 1987. "SP-100 space reactor safety". United States. doi:10.2172/6434038. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6434038.
@article{osti_6434038,
title = {SP-100 space reactor safety},
author = {Not Available},
abstractNote = {The SP-100 space reactor power system is being developed to meet the large electrical power requirements of civilian and military missions planned for the 1990's and beyond. It will remove the restrictions on electrical power generation that have tended to limit missions and will enable the fuller exploration and utilization of space. This booklet describes the SP-100 space reactor power system and its development. Particular emphasis is given to safety. The design aand operational features as well as the design and safety review process that will assure that the SP-100 can be launched nd operated safely are described.},
doi = {10.2172/6434038},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1987,
month = 5
}

Technical Report:

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  • A preliminary safety analysis of the post operational questions regarding the use of reactor power systems for an orbital space station is presented. The objective of the analysis is to provide a quantitative measure of the risk to man from the disposal of a space nuclear power system after its useful lifetime.
  • The purpose of this letter is to request Naval Reactors comments on the nuclear reactor high tier requirements for the PROMETHEUS space flight reactor design, pre-launch operations, launch, ascent, operation, and disposal, and to request Naval Reactors approval to transmit these requirements to Jet Propulsion Laboratory to ensure consistency between the reactor safety requirements and the spacecraft safety requirements. The proposed PROMETHEUS nuclear reactor high tier safety requirements are consistent with the long standing safety culture of the Naval Reactors Program and its commitment to protecting the health and safety of the public and the environment. In addition, the philosophymore » on which these requirements are based is consistent with the Nuclear Safety Policy Working Group recommendations on space nuclear propulsion safety (Reference 1), DOE Nuclear Safety Criteria and Specifications for Space Nuclear Reactors (Reference 2), the Nuclear Space Power Safety and Facility Guidelines Study of the Applied Physics Laboratory.« less
  • The Independent Safety Assessment described in this study report was performed to assess the safety of the design and launch plans anticipated by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) in 1993 for a Russian-built, U.S.-modified, TOPAZ-II space nuclear reactor power system. Its conclusions, and the bases for them, were intended to provide guidance for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) management in the event that the DOD requested authorization under section 91b. of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, for possession and use (including ground testing and launch) of a nuclear-fueled, modified TOPAZ-II. The scientists and engineers whomore » were engaged to perform this assessment are nationally-known nuclear safety experts in various disciplines. They met with participants in the TOPAZ-II program during the spring and summer of 1993 and produced a report based on their analysis of the proposed TOPAZ-II mission. Their conclusions were confined to the potential impact on public safety and did not include budgetary, reliability, or risk-benefit analyses.« less
  • This report discusses the necessity for in-depth safety program planning for space nuclear reactor systems. The objectives of the safety program and a proposed task structure is presented for meeting those objectives. A proposed working relationship between the design and independent safety groups is suggested. Examples of safety-related design philosophies are given.