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Title: Combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools

Abstract

A combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools comprises a fence shaped for extending about the periphery of the pool to restrict ingress and egress therefrom. A tubular heat exchanger is formed in at least one section of the fence, includes an exterior surface adapted to absorb solar energy, and communicates with the water in the swimming pool. The number of heat exchanger fence sections can be varied in accordance with the climate in which the pool is located. A pump flows the water in the swimming pool through the heat exchanger fence sections during daylight hours, thereby simultaneously heating the water in the pool, and providing an attractive and protective safety barrier about the swimming pool.

Inventors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6382116
Patent Number(s):
US 4280477
Assignee:
IFI; EDB-81-129157
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: Filed date 24 Jan 1980
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; SWIMMING POOLS; SOLAR WATER HEATING; DESIGN; HEAT EXCHANGERS; PIPES; PUMPS; SOLAR ABSORBERS; SOLAR WATER HEATERS; APPLIANCES; EQUIPMENT; HEATERS; HEATING; SOLAR EQUIPMENT; SOLAR HEATING; SURFACE WATERS; WATER HEATERS; WATER HEATING; 140907* - Solar Thermal Utilization- Water Heating

Citation Formats

Divine, D.L. Combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Divine, D.L. Combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools. United States.
Divine, D.L. Tue . "Combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6382116,
title = {Combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools},
author = {Divine, D.L.},
abstractNote = {A combination fence and solar heater for swimming pools comprises a fence shaped for extending about the periphery of the pool to restrict ingress and egress therefrom. A tubular heat exchanger is formed in at least one section of the fence, includes an exterior surface adapted to absorb solar energy, and communicates with the water in the swimming pool. The number of heat exchanger fence sections can be varied in accordance with the climate in which the pool is located. A pump flows the water in the swimming pool through the heat exchanger fence sections during daylight hours, thereby simultaneously heating the water in the pool, and providing an attractive and protective safety barrier about the swimming pool.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jul 28 00:00:00 EDT 1981},
month = {Tue Jul 28 00:00:00 EDT 1981}
}
  • A solar heating apparatus is disclosed herein useful as a swimming pool cover whereby the sun's rays can penetrate the apparatus and heat the water therebeneath. The apparatus includes a plurality of individual and separate units of a predetermined geometry which cooperate with each other to cover a given body of water. Each unit includes an upper panel of transparent, plastic material and a bottom panel of opaque, plastic material. The panels are joined at peripheries to provide an integral unit and spacers or ribs are provided to maintain separation between the opposing panel surfaces so that a thermal compartmentmore » is defined therebetween. In one form, the bottom panel may be a continuous strip of plactic material shared in common with separate top panels.« less
  • A solar heater for swimming pools is provided having one or more heating panels installable on a roof or the like and arranged to discharge into a pool equipped with an apron without need for disturbing or obstructing the apron. This is accomplished by the provision of an elevated bistable dumper adjacent the perimeter of the apron having a dispensing spout normally inclined upwardly but pivoting at intervals to discharge into the pool across the apron without obstructing it. Water to be heated is diverted from the pool filtering system to the solar heater via a pressure regulator and amore » solar responsive flow control.« less
  • A five-way valve is described embodying a cylindrical body with valve seats and cooperating valve discs operable by a stem and having associated inlet and outlet ports. The stem is actuatable by pistons. The pistons are driven by pressure under the control of three-way valves. The valve structure is adaptable for use in a swimming pool heating system having a primary pool heater and also a solar heater. The water is circulated by a pump through a filter. The three-way valves are controlled in response to a thermostat. The three-way valves respond to water pressure differential as between the upstreammore » and downstream sides of the pump in the system.« less
  • A solar water heater is described especially intended for use with swimming pools, the solar water heater comprising an inlet header, an outlet header, a strip of flexible material having first end and a second end, tubes formed in the strip and extending from the first end to the second end of the strip. Each end of the strip is connected to a manifold comprising a first side provided with a respective spigot for each tube in the strip, and a second side provided with an aperture means with less apertures than the number of the spigots, each manifold comprisingmore » a base and an upstanding wall extending around the base to form a recess. The spigots are mounted in the recess, the spigots being formed into a unitary spigot assembly and a single locking collar comprising an outer peripheral wall arranged to fit snugly in the recess and the outer peripheral wall having an inner face formed with recesses and shaped to conform with the outer shape of the spigot assembly and in which each spigot has a circumferential projection and the inner face of the locking collar has shoulder means arranged to engage with the projections on the spigots, such that, in use, the tubes at each end of the strip are connected to the spigots of one of the manifolds, each locking collar is located in the recess of one of the manifolds and the aperture means is connected to a header whereby fluid communication is established between the headers and the strip.« less