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Title: Microtox and Spirillum volutans tests for assessing toxicity of environmental samples

Abstract

Two short-term bacterial toxicity tests that have received a great deal of attention during the last few years are the Microtox and Spirillum volutans assays. The former involves monitoring changes in the light output from luminescent bacteria (Photobacterium phosphoreum) in a temperature controlled photometer when exposed to various concentrations of toxic substances. In the S. volutans assay, motility patterns of this large aquatic bacterium are used as the test endpoints. As part of the authors' program in assembling and establishing a battery of short-term bacterial toxicity tests, they examined the use of Microtox and S. volutans for determining the toxicity of a wide variety of environmental samples. Samples examined included potable and surface waters, industrial effluents, soil/sludge extracts and landfill leachates. Some of the results are presented in this paper.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Alberta Environmental Centre, Vegreville
OSTI Identifier:
6298502
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 35:4
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; TOXICITY; LEACHATES; SLUDGES; SURFACE WATERS; BACTERIA; LIQUID WASTES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SANITARY LANDFILLS; SCREENING; DISPERSIONS; LUMINESCENCE; MANAGEMENT; MICROORGANISMS; MIXTURES; SOLUTIONS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; 560302* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Microorganisms- (-1987)

Citation Formats

Coleman, R N, and Qureshi, A A. Microtox and Spirillum volutans tests for assessing toxicity of environmental samples. United States: N. p., 1985. Web. doi:10.1007/BF01636536.
Coleman, R N, & Qureshi, A A. Microtox and Spirillum volutans tests for assessing toxicity of environmental samples. United States. doi:10.1007/BF01636536.
Coleman, R N, and Qureshi, A A. Tue . "Microtox and Spirillum volutans tests for assessing toxicity of environmental samples". United States. doi:10.1007/BF01636536.
@article{osti_6298502,
title = {Microtox and Spirillum volutans tests for assessing toxicity of environmental samples},
author = {Coleman, R N and Qureshi, A A},
abstractNote = {Two short-term bacterial toxicity tests that have received a great deal of attention during the last few years are the Microtox and Spirillum volutans assays. The former involves monitoring changes in the light output from luminescent bacteria (Photobacterium phosphoreum) in a temperature controlled photometer when exposed to various concentrations of toxic substances. In the S. volutans assay, motility patterns of this large aquatic bacterium are used as the test endpoints. As part of the authors' program in assembling and establishing a battery of short-term bacterial toxicity tests, they examined the use of Microtox and S. volutans for determining the toxicity of a wide variety of environmental samples. Samples examined included potable and surface waters, industrial effluents, soil/sludge extracts and landfill leachates. Some of the results are presented in this paper.},
doi = {10.1007/BF01636536},
journal = {Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 35:4,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {10}
}