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Title: Mechanically refuelable zinc/air electric vehicle cells

Abstract

Refuelable zinc/air batteries have long been considered for motive as well as stationary power because of a combination of high specific energy, low initial cost, and the possibility of mechanical recharge by electrolyte exchange and additions of metallic zinc. In this context, advanced slurry batteries, stationary packed bed cells and batteries offering replaceable cassettes have been reported recently. The authors are developing self-feeding, particulate-zinc/air batteries for electric vehicle applications. Emissionless vehicle legislation in California motivated efforts to consider a new approach to providing an electric vehicle with long range (400 km), rapid refueling (10 minutes) and highway safe acceleration -- factors which define the essential functions of common automobiles. Such a electric vehicle would not compete with emerging secondary battery vehicles in specialized applications (commuting vehicles, delivery trucks). Rather, different markets would be sought where long range or rapid range extension are important. Examples are: taxis, continuous-duty fork-lift trucks and shuttle busses, and general purpose automobiles having modest acceleration capabilities. In the long range, a mature fleet would best use regional plants to efficiently recover zinc from battery reaction products. One option would be to use chemical/thermal reduction to recover the zinc. The work described in this report focuses onmore » development of battery configurations which efficiently and completely consume zinc particles, without clogging or changing discharge characteristics.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
6290337
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JC-112422; CONF-930571-22
ON: DE93016446
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 183. Electrochemical Society meeting, Honolulu, HI (United States), 16-21 May 1993
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; ZINC-AIR BATTERIES; DESIGN; COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; MARKETING; MATERIALS RECOVERY; USES; CHEMISTRY; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; ECONOMICS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; MANAGEMENT; METAL-GAS BATTERIES; PROCESSING; VEHICLES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; 250904* - Energy Storage- Batteries- Other Applications; 330300 - Advanced Propulsion Systems- Electric-Powered Systems

Citation Formats

Noring, J., Gordon, S., Maimoni, A., Spragge, M., and Cooper, J.F.. Mechanically refuelable zinc/air electric vehicle cells. United States: N. p., 1992. Web.
Noring, J., Gordon, S., Maimoni, A., Spragge, M., & Cooper, J.F.. Mechanically refuelable zinc/air electric vehicle cells. United States.
Noring, J., Gordon, S., Maimoni, A., Spragge, M., and Cooper, J.F.. Tue . "Mechanically refuelable zinc/air electric vehicle cells". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6290337,
title = {Mechanically refuelable zinc/air electric vehicle cells},
author = {Noring, J. and Gordon, S. and Maimoni, A. and Spragge, M. and Cooper, J.F.},
abstractNote = {Refuelable zinc/air batteries have long been considered for motive as well as stationary power because of a combination of high specific energy, low initial cost, and the possibility of mechanical recharge by electrolyte exchange and additions of metallic zinc. In this context, advanced slurry batteries, stationary packed bed cells and batteries offering replaceable cassettes have been reported recently. The authors are developing self-feeding, particulate-zinc/air batteries for electric vehicle applications. Emissionless vehicle legislation in California motivated efforts to consider a new approach to providing an electric vehicle with long range (400 km), rapid refueling (10 minutes) and highway safe acceleration -- factors which define the essential functions of common automobiles. Such a electric vehicle would not compete with emerging secondary battery vehicles in specialized applications (commuting vehicles, delivery trucks). Rather, different markets would be sought where long range or rapid range extension are important. Examples are: taxis, continuous-duty fork-lift trucks and shuttle busses, and general purpose automobiles having modest acceleration capabilities. In the long range, a mature fleet would best use regional plants to efficiently recover zinc from battery reaction products. One option would be to use chemical/thermal reduction to recover the zinc. The work described in this report focuses on development of battery configurations which efficiently and completely consume zinc particles, without clogging or changing discharge characteristics.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1992},
month = {Tue Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 1992}
}

Conference:
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