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Title: Effects of 60 Hz electric fields on operant and social stress behaviors of nonhuman primates

Abstract

An overall description of this research program is presented. The objectives are to investigate using nonhuman primates, possible behavioral effects associated with exposure to high-intensity, 60 Hz, electric fields. 6 tabs.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (USA). Dept. of Bioengineering
OSTI Identifier:
6289458
Report Number(s):
CONF-8511143-1
ON: DE86003748
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-80RA50219
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: DOE contractors' conference, Alexandria, VA, USA, 5 Nov 1985
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; ELECTRIC FIELDS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; AVOIDANCE; BABOONS; BIOLOGICAL STRESS; EXPOSURE CHAMBERS; LEARNING; ANIMALS; BEHAVIOR; MAMMALS; MONKEYS; PRIMATES; VERTEBRATES; 560400* - Other Environmental Pollutant Effects; 550100 - Behavioral Biology

Citation Formats

Rogers, W.R., Lucas, J.H., Moore, G.T., and Orr, J.L. Effects of 60 Hz electric fields on operant and social stress behaviors of nonhuman primates. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Rogers, W.R., Lucas, J.H., Moore, G.T., & Orr, J.L. Effects of 60 Hz electric fields on operant and social stress behaviors of nonhuman primates. United States.
Rogers, W.R., Lucas, J.H., Moore, G.T., and Orr, J.L. Tue . "Effects of 60 Hz electric fields on operant and social stress behaviors of nonhuman primates". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_6289458,
title = {Effects of 60 Hz electric fields on operant and social stress behaviors of nonhuman primates},
author = {Rogers, W.R. and Lucas, J.H. and Moore, G.T. and Orr, J.L.},
abstractNote = {An overall description of this research program is presented. The objectives are to investigate using nonhuman primates, possible behavioral effects associated with exposure to high-intensity, 60 Hz, electric fields. 6 tabs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1985},
month = {Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1985}
}

Conference:
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  • The objective of this program is to investigate, using the baboon as a nonhuman primate surrogate for the human, possible hehavioral effects associated with exposure to high intensity 60 Hz electric fields. Results from this program, along with information from experiments conducted elsewhere, will be used by the Department of Energy (DOE) to estimate and evaluate the likelihood of deleterious consequences resulting from exposure of humans to the electric fields associated with power transmission over high voltage lines. This research program consists of four major research projects, all of which have been successfully completed. The third project assessed, in separatemore » experiments conducted at 30 and 60 kV/m, effects of chronic exposure to electric fields on the performance of two operant conditioning tasks, fixed ratio (FR), and differential reinforcement of low rate (DRL). In the same two experiments, the fourth project investigated, using the systematic quantitative observational sampling methods of primatology, the possible stress-inducing effects of chronic exposure to 60 Hz electric fields on the behavior of baboons living in small social groups. This volume contains only appendices for projects 3 and 4. 81 figs., 67 tabs.« less
  • The objective of this program is to investigate, using the baboon as a nonhuman primate surrogate for the human, possible behavioral effects associated with exposure to high intensity 60 Hz electric fields. Results from this program, along with information from experiments conducted elsewhere, will be used by the Department of Energy (DOE) to estimate and evaluate the likelihood of deleterious consequences resulting from exposure of humans to the electric fields associated with power transmission over high voltage lines. This research program consists of four major research projects, all of which have been successfully completed. The first project evaluated the potentiallymore » aversive character of exposure to 60 Hz electric fields by determining the threshold intensity that produces escape or avoidance responses. The second project estimated the threshold intensity for detection threshold was 12 kV/m; the range of means was 6 to 16 kV/m. The third project assessed, in separate experiments conducted at 30 and 60 kV/m, effects of chronic exposure to electric fields on the performance of two operant conditioning tasks, fixed ratio (FR), and differential reinforcement of low rate (DRL). In the same two experiments, the fourth project investigated, using the systematic quantitative observational sampling methods of primatology, the possible stress-inducing effects of chronic exposure to 60 Hz electric fields on the behavior of baboons living in small social groups. 131 refs., 87 figs., 123 tabs.« less
  • Objective was to investigate possible behavioral effects of exposure to high-intensity 60-Hz electric fields. Four projects are being conducted: aversive sensory character of exposure to fields, threshold intensity for detection of fields, chronic exposure effects on performance of two operant tasks, and observation of behavior of social groups under chronic exposure. Electric field testing with animals has begun. Behavioral testing had to be suspended in order to repair cages and suppress corona, and to conduct engineering tests. (DLC)
  • Progress made at calibrating the electric field distribution within and around cages used for behavorial testing of baboons is described. It is concluded that all of the parts of the ''system'' are rather constant in their readings. The only component which seems to show appreciable variability is the 4 cm probe. Although the optically coupled 4 cm spherical dipole probe usually performs well, it is becoming apparent that sometimes it can produce misleading results. Although we do not yet understand the situation completely, it appears as though there are at least two variables affecting the probe, battery voltage and humidity.more » 2 figs., 9 tabs.« less
  • The objective was to investigate, using baboons (superspecies Papio cynocephalus) as surrogates, possible behavioral effects associated with exposure to high intensity 60 Hz electric fields. This program consists of four major projects. The first will evaluate the potential aversive character of exposure to 60 Hz electric fields by determining the threshold intensity which produces avoidance or escape responses. The second project will estimate the threshold intensity for detection of 60 Hz electric fields. The third will assess effects of chronic exposure to 60 Hz electric fields on the performance of two operant conditioning tasks, fixed ratio (FR) and differential reinforcementmore » of low rate responding (DRL). The fourth will investigate the possible stress-inducing effects of chronic exposure to 60 Hz electric fields on the behavior of baboons living in small social groups.« less