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Title: Status of WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant) compliance with EPA 40 CFR 191, December 1990

Abstract

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is developing the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), located in southeastern New Mexico, for disposal of transuranic wastes generated by defense programs. The DOE must first demonstrate compliance with the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes hereafter called the Standard. The Containment Requirements in Subpart B of the Standard set limits on the probability that cumulative radionuclide releases to the accessible environment during the 10,000 years following decommissioning of the repository will exceed certain limits. To comply with these requirements, performance assessments must construct a modeling system that can adequately simulate all realistic future states of the repository that might result in radionuclide releases. Because the regulatory limits are probabilistic, performance assessments must accurately reflect variability and uncertainty within all factors that contribute to the simulation, including variability and uncertainty within all factors that contribute to the simulation, including variability in material properties, probabilities of future human actions, and uncertainties inherent in the conceptual and numerical models that simulate reality. This paper describes conceptual and numerical improvements in the performance assessment methodology made during 1990, and summarizes the presentmore » status of WIPP performance assessment. All results to date are preliminary, and cannot be used to determine compliance or non-compliance. The DOE anticipates determining compliance after evaluating a final performance assessment in 1994. 11 refs., 3 figs.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)
Sponsoring Org.:
DOE/DP
OSTI Identifier:
6149583
Report Number(s):
SAND-90-2424C; CONF-910435-9
ON: DE91000030; TRN: 91-004777
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-76DP00789
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: American Nuclear Society (ANS) international high level radioactive waste management conference, Las Vegas, NV (USA), 28 Apr - 3 May 1991
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ALPHA-BEARING WASTES; UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; SPENT FUELS; STANDARDS; COMPLIANCE; SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENTS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; SUBSURFACE STRUCTURES; WIPP; PERFORMANCE TESTING; HUMAN INTRUSION; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; MONTE CARLO METHOD; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; REGRESSION ANALYSIS; ENERGY SOURCES; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; FUELS; FUNCTIONAL MODELS; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; MATERIALS; MATHEMATICS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEAR FUELS; PILOT PLANTS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE FACILITIES; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; REACTOR MATERIALS; STATISTICS; TESTING; UNDERGROUND FACILITIES; US DOE; US ORGANIZATIONS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; 052002* - Nuclear Fuels- Waste Disposal & Storage; 540230 - Environment, Terrestrial- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)

Citation Formats

Marietta, M G, Bertram-Howery, S G, Rechard, R P, and Anderson, D R. Status of WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant) compliance with EPA 40 CFR 191, December 1990. United States: N. p., 1990. Web.
Marietta, M G, Bertram-Howery, S G, Rechard, R P, & Anderson, D R. Status of WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant) compliance with EPA 40 CFR 191, December 1990. United States.
Marietta, M G, Bertram-Howery, S G, Rechard, R P, and Anderson, D R. Mon . "Status of WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant) compliance with EPA 40 CFR 191, December 1990". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6149583.
@article{osti_6149583,
title = {Status of WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant) compliance with EPA 40 CFR 191, December 1990},
author = {Marietta, M G and Bertram-Howery, S G and Rechard, R P and Anderson, D R},
abstractNote = {The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is developing the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), located in southeastern New Mexico, for disposal of transuranic wastes generated by defense programs. The DOE must first demonstrate compliance with the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes hereafter called the Standard. The Containment Requirements in Subpart B of the Standard set limits on the probability that cumulative radionuclide releases to the accessible environment during the 10,000 years following decommissioning of the repository will exceed certain limits. To comply with these requirements, performance assessments must construct a modeling system that can adequately simulate all realistic future states of the repository that might result in radionuclide releases. Because the regulatory limits are probabilistic, performance assessments must accurately reflect variability and uncertainty within all factors that contribute to the simulation, including variability and uncertainty within all factors that contribute to the simulation, including variability in material properties, probabilities of future human actions, and uncertainties inherent in the conceptual and numerical models that simulate reality. This paper describes conceptual and numerical improvements in the performance assessment methodology made during 1990, and summarizes the present status of WIPP performance assessment. All results to date are preliminary, and cannot be used to determine compliance or non-compliance. The DOE anticipates determining compliance after evaluating a final performance assessment in 1994. 11 refs., 3 figs.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6149583}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1990},
month = {1}
}

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