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Title: Leukemia risk among U. S. white male coal miners. A case-control study

Abstract

The relevance of occupational exposure to electrical and magnetic fields (EMF) in the etiology of leukemia has been raised in several studies. Underground coal miners represent an occupational group with situationally determined EMF exposure, as high-voltage power distribution lines are strung overhead in the mines and converters and step-down transformers provide power to mining equipment. Risk in occupational exposure to EMF was examined in a case-control study of 40 leukemia decedents and 160 control subjects who died of causes other than cancer or accident and who were matched on age at death. Based on these data, 25 or more years of underground mining, a surrogate of EMF exposure, was found to pose a statistically significant risk for leukemia (International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes 204 through 207, eighth revision), myelogenous leukemia (ICD 205), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (ICD 204.1). Accumulative exposure to chemical agents probably poses a risk for acute myelogenous leukemia, although this relationship fell short of being statistically significant. Although CLL has not previously been attributed to environmental agents, these data suggest a possible CLL risk from prolonged exposure to EMF.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
West Virginia Univ., Morgantown
OSTI Identifier:
6146746
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
JOM, J. Occup. Med.; (United States)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; LEUKEMIA; RISK ASSESSMENT; COAL MINERS; COAL MINING; ELECTRICITY; OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES; USA; DISEASES; HEMIC DISEASES; MINERS; MINING; NEOPLASMS; NORTH AMERICA; PERSONNEL; 016000* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Health & Safety

Citation Formats

Gilman, P A, Ames, R G, and McCawley, M A. Leukemia risk among U. S. white male coal miners. A case-control study. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Gilman, P A, Ames, R G, & McCawley, M A. Leukemia risk among U. S. white male coal miners. A case-control study. United States.
Gilman, P A, Ames, R G, and McCawley, M A. Sun . "Leukemia risk among U. S. white male coal miners. A case-control study". United States.
@article{osti_6146746,
title = {Leukemia risk among U. S. white male coal miners. A case-control study},
author = {Gilman, P A and Ames, R G and McCawley, M A},
abstractNote = {The relevance of occupational exposure to electrical and magnetic fields (EMF) in the etiology of leukemia has been raised in several studies. Underground coal miners represent an occupational group with situationally determined EMF exposure, as high-voltage power distribution lines are strung overhead in the mines and converters and step-down transformers provide power to mining equipment. Risk in occupational exposure to EMF was examined in a case-control study of 40 leukemia decedents and 160 control subjects who died of causes other than cancer or accident and who were matched on age at death. Based on these data, 25 or more years of underground mining, a surrogate of EMF exposure, was found to pose a statistically significant risk for leukemia (International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes 204 through 207, eighth revision), myelogenous leukemia (ICD 205), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (ICD 204.1). Accumulative exposure to chemical agents probably poses a risk for acute myelogenous leukemia, although this relationship fell short of being statistically significant. Although CLL has not previously been attributed to environmental agents, these data suggest a possible CLL risk from prolonged exposure to EMF.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6146746}, journal = {JOM, J. Occup. Med.; (United States)},
number = ,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {9}
}